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Doctoral Dissertation (Ed.D.)

Hybrid Montessori Education: Teacher Reflections on the Care and Education of Under-Served Black Children

Available from: DePaul University - Digital Commons

African American children, Americas, Culturally responsive teaching, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation, North America, Public Montessori, Social justice, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: This qualitative case study explores how Montessori educators in a public charter Montessori school experience Montessori education for low-income Black children. Using the methodology of a qualitative intrinsic case study, semi-structured interviews were conducted with eighteducators (six teachers and two administrators). The participants are diverse in terms of age (26 to 54), race (three white, six African American), gender (two male and six female) and educational experience (2–25 years teaching). Education for Black children in the United States recounts histories of exclusion and segregation. Montessori education for children in the U.S. over the past 100 years shows a progression from exclusivity to inclusivity with the modern push for Montessori in the public sector. Neoliberal education reform is an important context to consider in the reproduction of injustice in American schools. This study’s findings show that participants are responding to this injustice. Negotiating tension, these educators draw onMontessori philosophy, culturally responsive teaching practices, and the tenets of an education for social justice to meet the unique needs of students who are impacted by trauma, inequity, and structural racism. Blending educational traditions to become more responsive to the conditions created by oppressive constructs has created a path through the tension. Prospect Montessori educators enact a hybrid Montessori program that focuses on relationships, communication, and social/emotional learning. This study’s educational implications stem from a call for Montessorieducation to examine its relevancy for under-served Black students.Keywords: Montessori, Neoliberal education reform, culturally responsive teaching, socialjustice

Language: English

Published: Chicago, Illinois, 2022

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

Effects of Peace Education and Grace and Courtesy Education on Social Problem-Solving Skills and Social Awareness

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research, Grace and courtesy, Montessori method of education, Peace education

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Abstract/Notes: This action research studied the impact of peace education and portions of the Positive Discipline curriculum in a three-six primary Montessori classroom. During five weeks of implementing the research, sixteen students participated in class meetings for twenty minutes a day. The peace table activities and wheel of choice lessons were conducted individually and as a whole class. The peace table activities included a set of mini dishes on a tray, a rain stick, and a peace rose. The wheel of choice consisted of pictures and words of examples of what students could choose to help them solve problems. A few examples are count to ten, apologize, ask for help, and write your name on the agenda. Implementing the presentations into the classroom environment became a work for the students to use if needed and did not occur daily. As a work choice, the previous activities were available on tables and children were allowed to choose the work as many times as they felt was necessary. The research began with baseline data collection through SWIS (School Wide Information System) referral records, student interviews, and student surveys. Sources of data obtained during the study included interviews, surveys, observation tally sheets, and a field journal. The results presented an increase in social awareness and problem-solving skills through the class meetings. Students began acknowledging problems and brainstorming solutions. Class meetings will continue daily to extend the positive problem-solving capabilities and mindfulness students developed in their classroom community.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2016

Master's Thesis

Görsel sanatlar eğitiminde Montessori eğitimi yaklaşımının, okul öncesi çocuklarının yaratıcılık gelişimlerine etkisi / The Montessorian education approach in visual arts education, the effect of preschool children's development

Available from: Ulusal Tez Merkezi / National Thesis Center (Turkey)

Art education, Asia, Child development, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: In this research, the effect of Montessori education approach on the creativity of pre - school children in visual arts lesson was investigated and the creativity developments in students were observed. The research was carried out in college kindergarten, which educates under Kayapınar district of Diyarbakır province. 20 students between 48-66 months were applied the Montessori Education Approach and 60 students were applied the Ministry of National Education pre-school program and these two were compared to each other. Equal units are applied in both programs, Ceramic, watercolor, collage technique. The problem addressed in the study;The loss of student creativity in the implementation of the Ministry of National Education Preschool Program, the loss of self-confidence while students work, and the fact that the applied approaches are teacher-centered and therefore the works are not unique but are similar to each other. In the classrooms where Montessori Education Approach is applied, reflections of originality in the works of art, attitudes of free children to the lesson, and increased co-operation during the lesson have been observed. It is also observed that in the classrooms in which the Ministry of National Education pre-school program is applied, the method of instruction, class rules reminded in the lesson, teachers' criticism of the works resulted in loss of self-confidence in the students, reluctance to the subject,not being able to bring out the creativity and being bad tempered to students' friends. / Bu araştırmada, okul öncesi eğitim programında yer alan görsel sanatlar eğitimi ders konularının, Montesori Eğitimi Yaklaşımı programı uygulanarak, yaratıcılık gelişimlerine etkisinin nasıl olduğu belirlenmeye çalışılmıştır. 48-66 ay grubundaki 20 öğrenciye Montessori Eğitimi Yaklaşım Programı, aynı yaş grubundaki 60 öğrenciye Milli Eğitim Programı uygulanmış ve ikisi karşılaştırılmıştır. İki programda eşit üniteler işlenmiş, bunlar; Seramik tekniği, kolaj tekniği ve suluboya tekniğidir. Araştırma Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı Okul Öncesi Programının uygulandığı, görsel sanatlar eğitiminde, görsellerle yapılan anlatım sunumları, öğrencilerin yaratıcılıklarına etkileri, derste sınıf kuralları hatırlatarak ders işlenmesi aynı zamansa öğrenci eserlerine öğretmenlerin olumlu veya olumsuz eleştirilerinin etkileri araştırılmıştır. İkinci program olan Montessori Eğitimi Yaklaşımı programının uygulandığı, görsel sanatlar eğitiminin sonunda öğrencilerin yaratıcılıklarına etkileri, sanat çalışmalarının, özgünlük ve yenilik açısından yansımaları, özgür bırakılan çocukların derse kaşı tutumları, öğrenci başarısına etkileri belirlenmeye çalışılmıştır. Araştırmanın sonuçları, Montessori Eğitimi Yaklaşımı programı uygulanan sınıftaki öğrencilerde yardımlaşmanın önemli ölçüde arttığı, çocuklara yönelik yönerge olmadan, derslere kendi istekleri doğrultusunda katıldıkları ve malzemelerin yerlerini öğrenerek ihtiyaç duydukları anda aldıkları görülmüştür. Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı Programı ile işlenen, sanat eğitimi derslerinde, öğretmenlerin görsel materyalleri, örnek modelleri, anlatım ve soru-cevap yöntemlerini kullandıkları. Sınıftaki malzeme dolapları öğrencilerin ulaşamayacakları yükseklikte ve göremeyecekleri kapalı dolaplarda bulunması öğrencileri sınırladığı sonucuna ulaşılmıştır.

Language: Turkish

Published: Samsun, Turkey, 2018

Article

The 'S' Word: Is Montessori Education Montessori Education without Attention to Children's Spirituality?

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 2, no. 4

Pages: 1

Public Montessori

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Book

The Advanced Montessori Method: Scientific Pedagogy as Applied to the Education of Children from Seven to Eleven Years. Volume 1, Spontaneous Activity in Education

Maria Montessori - Writings, Montessori method of education

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Language: English

Published: Oxford, England: Clio, 1991

Edition: 1st Clio ed.

ISBN: 1-85109-114-9 978-1-85109-114-0

Series: The Clio Montessori series , 9

Volume: 1 of 2

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

A Successful Experiment in Child Education [The Henry Barnard School, Rhode Island College of Education, Providence]

Available from: JSTOR

Publication: Elementary School Journal, vol. 30, no. 7

Pages: 539-546

Americas, Henry Barnard School (Rhode Island) - History, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - History, North America, United States of America

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Language: English

DOI: 10.1086/456450

ISSN: 1554-8279, 0013-5984

Article

My System of Education [Address Before the National Education Association at Oakland, Cal.]

Available from: HathiTrust

Publication: Educator-Journal, vol. 16, no. 2

Pages: 63-71

Americas, Maria Montessori - Speeches, addresses, etc., Maria Montessori - Writings, National Education Association (NEA), North America, United States of America

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Language: English

Document

Official Program, Fifty-Third Annual Convention, National Education Association and Third International Congress on Education, Oakland, California, August 16 to 28, 1915 [program]

Americas, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Speeches, addresses, etc., Montessori Congress (Oakland, California, 1915), National Education Association (NEA), North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Includes information about all the sessions at the conference. Information regarding Montessori includes: 1. Katherine Moore, teacher of the Montessori classes in the public schools of Los Angeles and a graduate of the first class of Dr. Montessori, will conduct a demonstration Montessori class each forenoon [morning] from nine to twelve o'clock during the session of the National Education Association, in the Art Room, City Auditorium [Oakland Municipal Auditorium]. The model furniture will be furnishhed by Louise Brigham the inventor of box furniture, New York, N. Y. Teachers are invited to observe this class. (see p. 6-7) 2. General Sessions - International Congress on Education - Meetings in City Auditorium - August 16, 1915 - Afternoon Session, 2:30 O'Clock - "The Montessori System" by Maria Montessori (see p. 13). 3. Departmental Congress on Kindergarten Education - Sessions in Auditorium Theatre - August 17, 1915 - Afternoon Session, 2:30 O'Clock (Joint Session with the International Kindergarten Union) - "Imagination" by Maria Montessori (see p. 15). 4. Departmental Congress on Elementary Education - Sessions in City Auditorium - August 20, 1915 - Evening Session, 8:00 O'Clock - "Organization of the Intellectual Work in the School" by Maria Montessori (see p. 20). 5. Departmental Congress on Relationship Between the School and Co-operative Organizations - City Auditorium - August 23, 1915 - Evening Session, 8:00 O'Clock - "The Mother and the Child" by Maria Montessori, interpreted by Mariana Bertola, M.D. of San Francisco (see p. 25). 6. Montessori Congress - Sessions in Ballroom, Hotel Oakland - August 28, 1915 (see p. 42-43). This includes details regarding the itinerary for the Montessori Congress held in Oakland, 1915. The morning session began at 10:00 O'Clock and included: "Address of Welcome" by Philander P. Claxton (US Commissioner of Education, Washington, D.C.); "Possibilities and Opportunities of the Montessori Work for American Children" by E. L. Hardy (State Normal School, San Diego); "The Future of the Montessori School in America" by Arthur Chamberlain (Secretary, California Council of Education and California Teachers' Association, San Francisco); and "Address" by Maria Montessori. The afternoon session began at 2:00 O'Clock and included: "Round Table under the Auspices of the National Education Association and of the San Francisco Local Committee of Advisory Patrons" with David Starr Jordan (President, National Education Association, Stanford University, California) presiding over "Questions and Discussions by Leading American Educators and Dr. Montessori". The program indicates that the Round Table discussion was an invitation only affair - "Admission by Invitation".

Language: English

Published: 1915

Article

Colegio Montessori-Palau de Girona: Educación primaria - la educación cósmica [Colegio Montessori-Palau de Girona: Primary Education - Cosmic Education]

Publication: Cuadernos de Pedagogía, no. 455

Pages: 23-24

Cosmic education, Europe, Southern Europe, Spain

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Language: Spanish

ISSN: 0210-0630

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Görsel Sanatlar Eğitiminde Montessori Eğitimi Yönteminin Öğrenci Bilgi Düzeyine Etkisi / The Effect of the Montessori Education Method on Student Knowledge in Visual Arts Education

Available from: DergiPark Akademik

Publication: Eğitim ve Toplum Araştırmaları Dergisi (ETAD) / Journal of Research in Education and Society (JRES), vol. 7, no. 2

Pages: 561-569

Art education, Asia, Creative ability in children, Middle East, Montessori method of education, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: In the traditional school system, many values are set in line with the wishes of adults. This situation appears as a blind conflict between the weak and the strong in education. This environment, which causes the creation of only weak and strong people by keeping the individual in the background, comes to light with the sense of loss and self-worthlessness, and the characteristics of membership left alone or without faith. Individuals with this point of view have developed neither personal courage nor ability to criticize and judge. If we love the child so that he/she can build with his/her own unique values and natural laws, it is possible for us to develop all his abilities. At this point, Montessori Education Method emerges as one of the most valuable methods for us to achieve this development. The Montessori Method is based on the developmental needs of the child and is implemented in a carefully prepared appropriate environment. In this process, when the superiority of the method is realized, the child develops both his/her intelligence and his/her physical and mental abilities with experiences.This study aspires to determine how the primary school second grade visual arts education class topics affect students' knowledge levels by applying the method of Montessori Education. The aim of the study is to cover the effect of teaching art history education with the Montessori Education Method on student knowledge level. / Geleneksel okul sisteminde, yetişkinlerin istekleri doğrultusunda birçok değer konulmaktadır. Bu durum eğitimde sadece zayıf ve güçlünün arasında kör bir çatışma olarak karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Bireyi arka planda tutarak sadece zayıf ve güçlü insanların yaratılmasına sebebiyet veren bu ortam, kendiliğinden gelişen kayıp ve kendi kendine olan değersizlik duygusu ile beraber yalnız başına bırakılmış ya da inançsız üyelik özellikleriyle açığa çıkmaktadır. Bu bakış açısına sahip bireylerin, ne kişisel cesaretleri ne de eleştirme ve muhakeme yetisi gelişmemiştir. Eğer çocuğu kendine özel değerleriyle ve doğal yasalarıyla inşa edebilmesi için seversek bütün yeteneklerini geliştirmemiz mümkün olabilmektedir. Bu noktada Montessori eğitimi bu gelişimi sağlayabilmemiz için en değerli yöntemlerden biri olarak karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Montessori yöntemi çocuğun gelişimsel ihtiyaçları üzerine kurulur ve dikkatlice hazırlanan uygun bir çevrede bu durum kolaylaştırılarak uygulanır. Yöntemin üstünlüğünün farkedildiği bu süreçte çocuk, deneyimlerle hem zekasını hem de fiziksel ve ruhsal yeteneklerini geliştirmektedir. Bu araştırmada, ilköğretim 2. sınıf görsel sanatlar eğitimi ders konularının, Montessori eğitimi yöntemi uygulanarak öğrenci bilgi düzeylerine etkisinin nasıl olduğu belirlenmeye çalışılmıştır. Araştırmanın amacı, sanat tarihi eğitiminin montessori eğitimi yöntemiyle öğretilmesinin öğrenci bilgi düzeyine etkisini kapsamaktadır.

Language: Turkish

ISSN: 2458-9624

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