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Doctoral Dissertation

Montessori e a mídia contemporânea: análise discursiva de textos midiáticos estadunidenses sobre o método Montessori publicados entre 2000 e 2015 [Montessori and the contemporary media: a discursive analysis of american media texts about the Montessori method published between 2000 and 2015]

Available from: Universidade de São Paulo

Americas, Montessori method of education, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: O método Montessori, como se convencionou chamar a perspectiva pedagógica derivada do trabalho de Maria Montessori (1870-1952), foi desenvolvido, principalmente, ao longo da primeira metade do século XX. Até hoje, no entanto, há escolas, publicações e cursos para professores sendo criados em todo o mundo. Desde o início de sua história, a pedagogia montessoriana aparece frequentemente na mídia de vários países do mundo, e, em alguns momentos da história, representou tanto um fenômeno midiático quanto editorial (KRAMER, 1988). Esta pesquisa trabalhou com um arquivo de textos midiáticos, publicados desde 1911 nos Estados Unidos da América e dedicou-se à análise e à interpretação de um corpus de textos da mesma natureza. Uma ênfase da análise foi dada aos textos publicados entre os anos 2000 e 2015. O aporte teórico das análises e das reflexões expostas aqui é a Análise de Discurso filiada aos estudos do inconsciente e da ideologia, iniciada na França, por Michel Pêcheux, e desenvolvida e ampliada no Brasil por autoras como Eni Orlandi. A história da perspectiva pedagógica de que tratamos já foi explorada antes por diversos autores (STANDING, 1962; KRAMER, 1988; POVELL, 2010, entre outros), mas poucos tangenciaram o trabalho da mídia quanto a essa pedagogia, embora mencionem a importância desta mesma instância de produção, e nenhuma das publicações emprega a perspectiva discursiva, que pode oferecer outros pontos de vista e permite a interlocução de diversas áreas de estudo. Os resultados obtidos com esta pesquisa apontam para uma direção previsível e duas bifurcações importantes desta. Em primeiro lugar, como propõe a teoria da Análise de Discurso, a produção discursiva é atravessada pela ideologia, e, assim, os textos com que trabalhamos fazem parte de um conjunto de sentidos e proposições que harmonizam com o verdadeiro, como operado pela ideologia dominante. Isso tem duas consequências específicas para este corpus. Por um lado, os sentidos que caracterizam o método Montessori são vinculados a valores não estranhos ao neoliberalismo e ao discurso empreendedor: fala-se muito de diversão, e, ao mesmo tempo, de alto desempenho, liberdade, sucesso, escolha individual e liderança. Por outro lado, há uma contradição muito presente entre caracterizar-se Montessori como uma pedagogia alternativa e dizer-se que Montessori é só uma via diversa para se alcançar os mesmos fins: alto desempenho acadêmico e sucesso financeiro. Em segundo lugar, notamos a proeminência do ponto de vista adulto sobre o possível ponto de vista infantil. Os textos, especialmente a partir de 2011, fazem sentido, com frequência, construindo as vantagens que a pedagogia montessoriana representa para o adulto, segundo uma perspectiva corporativa ou empreendedora. Por meio de nossa análise, pudemos caracterizar a configuração do discurso midiático sobre o método Montessori nos Estados Unidos e compreender como os sentidos se articulam para fazer de Montessori uma perspectiva válida e positiva, ao mesmo tempo, silenciando os sentidos que, ligados a ela, poderiam ser desarmônicos e, até mesmo, arriscados para a hegemonia do verdadeiro sobre a criança e sobre a educação. [The Montessori method, as the pedagogical perspective derived from the work of Maria Montessori (1870-1952) is usually called, was developed mainly during the first half of the twentieth century. To this day, however, there are schools, publications and courses for teachers being created around the world. From the beginning of its history, Montessori pedagogy has frequently appeared in the media of several countries, and at some moments in history has represented both a mediatic and editorial phenomenon (KRAMER, 1988). This research relies on an archive of media texts published since 1911 in the United States of America and is focused on the analysis and interpretation of a corpus of texts of the same nature. Emphasis was given to those texts published between the years 2000 and 2015. The theoretical foundation for the analyzes and reflections exposed here is the Discourse Analysis affiliated to the studies of the unconscious and the ideology, initiated in France by Michel Pêcheux, and developed and expanded in Brazil by authors such as Eni Orlandi. The history of the pedagogical perspective that we have dealt with has already been explored by several authors (STANDING, 1962, KRAMER, 1988, POVELL, 2010 and others), but few have touched on the work of the media in relation to this pedagogy, although they recognize its relevance, and none of the publications adopts the discursive perspective, which can offer other points of view, allowing the interlocution with several areas of study. The results obtained with this research point to a predictable direction, and two important and novel bifurcations. First, as the theory of discourse analysis proposes, discursive production is traversed by ideology, and thus the texts we work with are part of a set of meanings and propositions that harmonize with the truth, as operated by the dominant ideology. This, in turn, has two specific consequences for this corpus. On the one hand, the meanings that characterize the Montessori method are linked to values not unfamiliar to neoliberalism and entrepreneurial discourse: much is said of fun, and at the same time high performance, freedom, and success, individual choice, and leadership. There is a very present contradiction between characterizing Montessori as an alternative pedagogy and saying that Montessori is only an alternative way to achieve the same ends: high academic performance and financial success. Secondly, we notice the prominence of the adult point of view over the possible infantile one. The texts, especially as of 2011, often make sense from the advantages that the Montessori pedagogy represents for the adult, from a corporate or entrepreneurial perspective. Through our analysis, we have been able to characterize the configuration of the media discourse on the Montessori method in the United States and to understand how the senses are articulated to make Montessori a valid and positive pedagogical perspective, while silencing the meanings that could, if linked to that, be disharmonious, and we would say risky, for the hegemony of the truth about the child and about education.]

Language: Portuguese

Published: São Paulo, Brazil, 2019

Article

The Montessori Erdkinder: Three Abstracts [Montessori de Terra Linda, San Rafael, CA; Hershey Montessori School, Concord Township, OH; Lake Country School, Minneapolis, MN]

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 18, no. 1

Pages: 172–182

North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals

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Abstract/Notes: Describes three projects: (1) the Laufenburg Ranch Project, a historical organic farm and agricultural and environmental education center; (2) the Hershey Montessori School's efforts to teach adolescents about the earth; and (3) the Lake Country School, which developed a farm campus and nature center as an integral part of its educational program.

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Article

Jōchi montessōri kyōin yōsei kōsu dōsōkai kyōdō kenkyū montessōri kyōiku no jittai chōsa (1) - montessōri kyōshi no jittai chōsa/ Machida Akira; Matsumoto Ryōko / 上智モンテッソーリ教員養成コース同窓会共同研究 モンテッソーリ教育の実態調査(1) - モンテッソーリ教師の実態調査 [Sophia Montessori Teacher Training Course Alumni Joint Research Survey of Montessori Education (1) - Survey of Montessori Teachers]

Publication: Montessori Kyōiku / モンテッソーリ教育 [Montessori Education], no. 20

Pages: 66-89

Asia, East Asia, Japan, Montessori method of education - Teachers

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Language: Japanese

ISSN: 0913-4220

Article

Montessori Milestones [Chiaravalle Montessori School, Evanston, IL; Wyoming Valley Montessori School, Kingston, PA; AMS scholarships]

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 5, no. 1

Pages: 15–16

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Nouvelles Diverses; Résolutions présentées par Mmes Montessori et Rotten et adoptées à l'unanimité par le 6. Congrès Montessori international 1937 [Resolutions presented by Ms Montessori and Ms Rotten and unanimously adopted by the 6th International Montessori Congress 1937]

Available from: Université Caen Normandie

Publication: Pour l'ère nouvelle: revue internationale d'èducation nouvelle, vol. 16, no. 134

Pages: 28-29

Conferences, International Montessori Congress (6th, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1-10 August 1937)

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Abstract/Notes: The cover of this issue is incorrectly numbered "132" - this is issue number 134.

Language: French

Doctoral Dissertation

Montessori anne destek eğitim programının; Montessori eğitimi alan 4-5 yaş çocukların matematik ve günlük yaşam becerilerine etkilerinin incelenmesi / Mother Support of Montessori Education Program: Montessori Education Area Children Ages 4-5, Investigation of Effect of Mathematıcs and Daily Life Skills

Available from: Selçuk University (Turkey)

Asia, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Parent participation, Practical life exercises, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Bu araştırma Montessori eğitim yöntemi ile okulöncesi eğitim alan ve anneleri "Montessori Anne Destek Programı"na katılmış deney grubu çocuklar ile "Pür Montessori" eğitimi alan 4-5 yaş kontrol grubu çocukların matematik ve günlük yaşam becerilerine etkisini incelemeyi amaçlamıştır. Çalışma grubunda, 2016-2017 öğretim yılında Konya ilinde bulunan Selçuk Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, İhsan Doğramacı Uygulama Anaokuluna devam eden Montessori yöntemi ile okulöncesi eğitim alan, 8 deney, 11 kontrol olmak üzere toplam19 çocuk yer almıştır. Araştırmada deney ve kontrol gruplarından veri toplama aracı olarak Temel Okul Becerileri Envanteri Matematik ve Günlük Yaşam Becerileri alt Testi Uygulanmıştır. Testler çocuklara öğretmenleri tarafından deneme öncesi ve sonrası uygulanmıştır. Ayrıca deneme grubuna eğitim programı bittikten 12 hafta sonra tekrar uygulanmıştır. Araştırmada elde edilen verilerin analizinde Mann Whitney U ve Wilcoxon İşaretli Sıralar Testi uygulanmıştır. İncelenen bulgular deneme ve kontrol grubu arasında sontest puan ortalamaları arasındaMatematik de deneme grubu lehine anlamlı bir farklılaşma görülmüştür. Günlük Yaşam Becerileri sontest değerlendirmelerinde ise bir farklılaşma bulunamamıştır. Deneme grubu çocukların TOBEMAT ve TOBEGYBAT testi sontest ve izleme testi puan ortalamaları arasında anlamlı bir farklılaşma olmamıştır. / This research aimed to investigate the effects of Montessori education method on the mathematics and daily life skills of the children who took the preschool education and the mothers of the experimental group participated in the "Montessori Mother Support Program" and the children of the control group of 4-5 age "Pure Montessori". In the study group, 19th Montessori method, which took place in Selcuk University, Faculty of Health Sciences, İhsan Doğramacı Application Nursing School, located in Konya province in the 2016-2017 school year, took place. The Basic School Skills Inventory Mathematics and Daily Life Skills Sub-Test was applied as a data collection tool in the study. Tests were administered to children before and after the test by their teachers. In addition, the experimental group was reapplied 12 weeks after the end of the training program. Mann Whitney U and Wilcoxon Marked Ranks Test were applied in the analysis of the data obtained in the research. A significant difference was found in the mean scores of the post test scores between the findings and control groups examined in favor of the experimental group in Mathematics. In Daily Life Skills posttest evaluations, no differentiation was found. There was no significant difference between the BSSI-MAT and BSSI-DLS test posttest and follow-up test scores of the children in the experimental group.

Language: Turkish

Published: Konya, Turkey, 2018

Article

M. Montessori no gainen" Concentration" ni kansuru shōron / M. Montessori の概念"Concentration"に関する小論 [An Essay on Maria Montessori's Concept of "Concentration"]

Available from: National Diet Library (Japan)

Publication: Nihon hoiku gakkai taikai kenkyū happyō ronbun shōroku / 日本保育学会大会研究発表論文抄録 [Abstracts of papers presented at the Annual Meeting of the Japan Society of Early Childhood Education], no. 26

Pages: Article 1-102 (2 pages)

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Language: Japanese

Article

Maria Montessori: lettera a un montessoriano: 1947: un documento rivelatore delle speranze di Maria Montessori affidate all'Opera Montessori e a tutti i montessoriani

Publication: Vita dell'Infanzia (Opera Nazionale Montessori), vol. 45, no. 8

Pages: 4-7

Maria Montessori - Writings

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Language: Italian

ISSN: 0042-7241

Article

Back Door Montessori: In Corpus Christi [Texas], the Montessori Program Was a Success Before Outsiders Knew It Was a Montessori Program

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 9, no. 1

Pages: 1, 22-23

Public Montessori

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Book

The Montessori Index: Compiled From the Books of Maria Montessori and Authors of Books Related to the Montessori Method of Education

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Language: English

Published: Chicago, Ill.: Virginia B. Fleege, 1987

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