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Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Mètode i escola Montessori a Barcelona fins a la Guerra Civil (1936-1939). De l’adhesió incondicional a l’eclecticisme / Montessori Method and School in Barcelona until the Civil War (1936-1939). From Unconditional Adherence to Eclecticism

Available from: Hemeroteca Científica Catalana

Publication: Educació i Història: Revista d'Història de l'Educació, no. 40

Pages: 227-248

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - History

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Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori’s method left a deep and rich renovating educational footprint in the city of Barcelona before the Franco regime (1939). An active, cheerful, playful, co-educational, science-based system, in which the child is the protagonist. The teacher accompanies the students, trying to respect their rhythms in their personal learning itinerary. The Montessori revolution was possible because the Mancomunitat de Catalunya, the Diputació de Barcelona and the municipal administration believed in it, created schools, Case dei Bambini, and promoted continuous teacher training through courses, seminars, and Summer Schools. / El mètode de la doctora Maria Montessori va deixar una profunda i rica petjada educativa i renovadora a la ciutat de Barcelona abans del règim franquista (1939). Un sistema actiu, alegre, lúdic, coeducatiu, de base científica, en què el protagonista és l’infant. El professorat acompanya l’alumnat procurant respectar el ritme en l’itinerari personal d’aprenentatge. La revolució montessoriana fou possible perquè la Mancomunitat de Catalunya, la Diputació de Barcelona i l’administració municipal hi van creure, van crear escoles, Cases dels Nens, i van promoure la formació continuada dels mestres a través de cursets, seminaris i Escoles d’Estiu / El método de la doctora Maria Montessori dejó una profunda y rica huella educativa y renovadora en la ciudad de Barcelona antes del régimen franquista (1939). Un sistema activo, alegre, lúdico, coeducativo, de base científica, en el que el protagonista es el niño. El profesorado realiza un acompañamiento al alumnado, procurando respetar el ritmo en el itinerario personal de aprendizaje. La revolución montessoriana fue posible porque la Mancomunidad de Cataluña, la Diputación de Barcelona y la administración municipal creyeron en ella, creando escuelas, Case dei Bambini, y promoviendo la formación continuada de los maestros a través de cursillos, seminarios y Escuelas de Verano.

Language: Catalan

DOI: 10.2436/e&h.v0i40.150356

ISSN: 2013-9632, 1134-0258

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Pädagogische Kulturtransfers Italien-Tessin (1894-1936) [Cultural Transfers Between Educational Systems: Italy-Ticino (1894-1936) / Transfer culturali tra sistemi educativi: Italia-Ticino (1894-1936) / Transferts culturels entre systèmes éducatifs: Italie-Tessin (1894-1936)]

Available from: Universität Bern

Publication: Schweizerische Zeitschrift fuer Bildungswissenschaften / Swiss Journal of Educational Research, vol. 40, no. 1

Pages: 49-66

Europe, Italy, Montessori method of education - History, Switzerland, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: In the period 1880-1940 the education system of italian-speaking Canton Ticino was seeing pedagogical transfers coming from Italy. In a first period, the peagogical élite although deied that these pedagocal ideas came from Italy, using the terminological (and ideological) construction of “Metodo intuitivo” (i.e. Pestalozzi and Girard as the only fathers of the method). After 1910 the pedagogical influence of italian New Education (Montessori, Lombardo-Radice) grew more because the general interest in Ticino for italian culture grew with the movement for Defence of Ticino’s italian identity. World war 1 and fascism brought the New Education fellows in Ticino into a deep dilemma: their pedagogical ideas and actions were accepted only if accompanied by a total distance from any official italian political position. This was very difficult and led at the end to a growing total distance from Italy, even if the pedagogical élite tried to avoid the complete end of any cultural contact with Italy. The end cames with Abyssinia war and World war II that led to a total isolation of Ticino from Italy.

Language: German

DOI: 10.24452/sjer.40.1.5052

ISSN: 2624-8492

Article

The Spanish Connection: Comite Hispano Montessori Carries Programs to Spanish Speakers

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 1, no. 2

Pages: 12

Comité Hispano Montessori - History, Latin American community, Marjorie Farmer - Writings, Public Montessori

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Book

Reading, Writing and Spelling in Spanish I: A Complete Guide to Teaching Your Child Beginning Written Spanish

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Language: English

Published: Rossmoor, California: American Montessori Consulting, 1993

ISBN: 0-929487-77-X

Article

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Re-contextualizando la temprana recepción de Montessori en España (1906-1936) / Re-contextualizing The Early Reception of Montessori in Spain (1906-1936)

Available from: EBSCOhost

Publication: Encounters in Theory and History of Education / Encuentros en Teoría e Historia de la Educación / Rencontres en Théorie et Histoire de l'Éducation, vol. 23

Pages: 167-183

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Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori is an intellectual figure who emerges with her own voice in the history of transnational education in the 20th century. In the case of Spain, her influence has been and continues to be profound. This work proposes a historical study of her early reception in the Spanish context in the three decades that pass from 1906 to 1936. The starting point is a re-contextualization of her educational ideas from the perspective of fields of knowledge beyond pedagogy itself, an aspect not yet addressed by historians of education. The study is part of the current of intellectual history, more specifically in the studies of the circulation, transfer, and reception of ideas. The works of historians such as David Armitage and David Boucher, who have developed analytical contextual approaches for the study of ideas and their reconfiguration in specific geographical spaces and specific time periods, are taken as the main reference. A re-contextualization of the reception process of Montessori's ideas is proposed from three apparently distant fields of pedagogy in the first three decades of the 20th century in Spain: politics, religion and medicine. A transversal and complex reception of Montessori's ideas in Spain is confirmed, covering a wide ideological spectrum. The study also reveals that Montessori's work in fields such as politics and religion were received even before those of the field of pedagogy. / Maria Montessori es una figura intelectual que emerge con voz propia en la historia de la educación transnacional del siglo XX. En el caso de España su influencia ha sido y sigue siendo profunda. Lo que se plantea en este trabajo es un estudio histórico de su temprana recepción en el contexto español en las tres décadas que transcurren de 1906 a 1936. El punto de partida es una re-contextualización de sus ideas educativas desde la óptica de campos de conocimientos diferenciados de la propia pedagogía. Un aspecto aún no abordado por los historiadores de la educación. El estudio se enmarca en la corriente de la historia intelectual, más específicamente en los estudios de circulación, transferencia y recepción de ideas. Se toman como referencia principal los trabajos de historiadores como David Armitage y David Boucher, que han desarrollado enfoques contextuales analíticos para el estudio de las ideas y su reconfiguración en espacios geográficos determinados y periodos temporales específicos. Se plantea una re-contextualización del proceso de recepción de las ideas de Montessori a partir de tres campos aparentemente distantes de la pedagogía en las tres primeras décadas del siglo XX en España como lo eran la política, la religión y la medicina. Se constata una recepción trasversal y compleja de las ideas de Montessori en España que abarca un ancho espectro ideológico. Se detecta también que campos como la política y la religión se adelantaron al campo de la pedagogía en la recepción de la obra de Montessori.

Language: English

DOI: 10.24908/encounters.v23i0.16171

ISSN: 2560-8371

Book Section

Strumenti educativi della civiltà moderna [Educational tools of modern civilization]

Book Title: L'educazione alla socialità nella pedagogia contemporanea [Education to sociality in contemporary pedagogy]

Pages: 272-277

Conferences, National Study Conference (4th, Venice, Italy, 12-14 October 1956)

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Abstract/Notes: Speech delivered by author on October 14, 1956 at the 4th National Study Conference (Venice, Italy).

Language: Italian

Published: Roma, Italy: Vita dell'infanzia, 1957

Book Section

Théosophie et éducation en Espagne (1891-1939): espaces de sociabilité et réseaux éducatifs [Theosophy and education in Spain (1891-1939): spaces of sociability and educational networks]

Available from: OpenEdition Books

Book Title: Éduquer dans et hors l’école: Lieux et milieux de formation. XVIIe-XXe siècle

Pages: 87-102

Europe, Southern Europe, Spain, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Abstract/Notes: L’occasion de lancer des recherches sur les liens entre le mouvement théosophique et l’éducation en Espagne et l’intérêt que celles-ci pouvaient présenter surgirent à partir de la lecture du Petit Journal d’Adolphe Ferrière dans les Archives de l’institut J.-J. Rousseau de l’université de Genève. En 1930, de passage à Barcelone sur le chemin de son long voyage vers l’Amérique latine, le pédagogue suisse fut reçu par Maria Solà de Sellarés, Attilio Bruschetti et José Forteza. Cependant ces personnages n’apparaissent pas dans les pages de l’historiographie de l’éducation nouvelle et de la rénovation pédagogique en Catalogne au cours du premier tiers du XXe siècle. Après les recherches qui s’imposaient, nous sûmes qu’ils militèrent dans l’hétérodoxe mouvement théosophique et que, suivant les pas de Béatrice Ensor, ils se rapprochèrent de sa pédagogie par le biais de la Fraternité internationale de l’Éducation. La vocation éducative du mouvement théosophique se manifesta dans l’organisation de cours et de conférences, l’édition de livres et de dépliants à caractère doctrinal et didactique, la création d’espaces de sociabilité et, entre autres initiatives, par la fondation d’un certain nombre d’écoles et de centres éducatifs qui tentèrent de rejoindre les mouvements rénovateurs européens, tout en restant fidèles au spiritualisme oriental. Plus tard et malgré les distances que leur imposèrent dissidences et fractures, un autre courant allait apparaître à l’horizon de l’évolution de ce mouvement: l’anthroposophie de Steiner et la pédagogie Waldorf. Cet article se propose d’analyser, dans les contextes européen et international, la fonction sociale, éducative et socialisatrice de la théosophie et des réseaux socioéducatifs théosophiques, hors et dans l’école, en Espagne au cours du premier tiers du XXe siècle. Cette recherche part de l’analyse de sources orales (membres de familles de théosophes et personnes ayant des liens avec le mouvement théosophique) et de sources écrites (directes et indirectes) consultées et étudiées dans diverses archives : Biblioteca de Cataluña (Barcelone), bibliothèque privée de la Branche Arjuna de Barcelone, Centro nacional de la Memoria histórica de Salamanque (Espagne), archives privées de la famille Jover Dalmau (ancien élève de l’école Damon) et Archives historiques municipales de Sabadell (Catalogne). [The opportunity to launch research on the links between the theosophical movement and education in Spain and the interest that these could present arose from the reading of the Petit Journal d'Adolphe Ferrière in the Archives of the institute J.-J. Rousseau from the University of Geneva. In 1930, passing through Barcelona on the way to his long journey to Latin America, the Swiss teacher was received by Maria Solà de Sellarés, Attilio Bruschetti and José Forteza. However, these characters do not appear in the pages of the historiography of new education and educational renewal in Catalonia during the first third of the twentieth century. After the necessary research, we learned that they were active in the heterodox theosophical movement and that, following in the footsteps of Beatrice Ensor, they approached her pedagogy through the International Fraternity of Education. The educational vocation of the theosophical movement was manifested in the organization of courses and conferences, the publication of books and leaflets of a doctrinal and didactic nature, the creation of spaces for sociability and, among other initiatives, by the foundation of a number of schools and educational centers which tried to join the European renovating movements, while remaining faithful to Eastern spiritualism. Later and despite the distances imposed by dissidence and fractures, another current would appear on the horizon of the evolution of this movement: the anthroposophy of Steiner and the Waldorf pedagogy. This article aims to analyze, in European and international contexts, the social, educational and socializing function of theosophy and theosophical socio-educational networks, outside and in school, in Spain during the first third of the twentieth century. This research starts from the analysis of oral sources (members of families of Theosophists and people with links to the Theosophical movement) and written sources (direct and indirect) consulted and studied in various archives: Biblioteca de Cataluña (Barcelona), library private of the Arjuna Branch of Barcelona, ​​Centro nacional de la Memoria histórica de Salamanca (Spain), private archives of the Jover Dalmau family (former pupil of the Damon school) and Municipal Historical Archives of Sabadell (Catalonia).]

Language: French

Published: Rennes, France: Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2018

ISBN: 978-2-7535-5561-7

Series: Histoire

Book

Tradició i renovació pedagògica, 1898-1939: història de l'educació: Catalunya, Illes Balears, País Valencià [Tradition and pedagogical renewal, 1898-1939: history of education: Catalonia, Balearic Islands, Valencian Country]

Available from: Google Books

Europe, Southern Europe, Spain

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Language: Catalan

Published: Barcelona, Spain: Institut d'Estudis Catalans, 2002

ISBN: 978-84-8415-300-9

Series: Biblioteca Abat Oliba , 233

Book Section

Verrier Elwin, du Missionnaire Gandhien à l’Ethnopoète Philanthropologue (1928-1939) [Verrier Elwin, from Gandhian Missionary to Philanthropist Ethnopoet (1928-1939)]

Available from: Berose

Book Title: Ethnologie en Situation Missionnaire

Pages: 250-278

Asia, India, Indigenous communities, Indigenous peoples, South Asia, Verrier Elwin - Biographic sources

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Abstract/Notes: Verrier Elwin (1902-1964) est connu parmi les indianistes comme l’auteur de nombreuses monographies sur les « tribus » de l’Inde ou adivasi. Il est lui-même revenu sur son parcours atypique à plusieurs reprises, en se définissant comme un « philanthropologue ». Le mot résume en effet bien sa position, à la fois comme serviteur des pauvres (au sens de l’engagement franciscain) et converti à l’anthropologie comme ethnographe formé sur le terrain au moment même où la discipline se professionnalisait en (...) http://www.berose.fr/article1797.html

Language: French

Published: Paris, France: BEROSE International, 2019

Series: Les Carnets de Berose (Encyclopédie Internationale des Histoires de l’Anthropologie) , 12

Article

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Specyfika i kierunki modernizacji w wychowaniu przedszkolnym w Łodzi w latach 1924-1939 / Nature and Directions of Modernisation in Preschool Education in Łódź in 1924-1939

Available from: CZASOPISMA - Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Techniczno-Ekonomiczna

Publication: Edukacja Elementarna w Teorii i Praktyce / Elementary Education in Theory and Practice, vol. 18, no. 1 (no. 68)

Pages: 125-144

Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Eastern Europe, Europe, Montessori method of education, Poland, Preschool education

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Abstract/Notes: Celem badań w niniejszym szkicu była próba odtworzenia specyfiki i kierunków przeobrażeń, jakie w dziedzinie wychowania przedszkolnego w Łodzi nastąpiły w latach 1924-1939. Artykuł jest kontynuacją badań o tej problematyce (dla okresu 1918-1923); wyniki zaprezentowano wcześniej na łamach pisma Edukacja Elementarna w Teorii i Praktyce. Nowy problem badawczy stanowiła kwestia powołania z inicjatywy samorządu miasta Łodzi, pierwszej i kolejnych placówek przedszkolnych. Starano się prześledzić, w jaki sposób organizowano zaplecze materialne tych placówek, jak prowadzono pracę opiekuńczo-wychowawczą i dydaktyczną, czy uwzględniano nowe trendy pedagogiczne, z jakimi trudnościami się konfrontowano. W poszukiwaniu odpowiedzi sięgnięto do materiału źródłowego czasopiśmienniczego. Poddano kwerendzie dwa periodyki: pismo ogólnopolskie Przedszkole i o zasięgu lokalnym Dziennik Zarządu Miasta Łodzi. W wyniku badań stwierdzono, że nowy kierunek w wychowaniu przedszkolnym w Łodzi został wytyczony od połowy lat 20. XX w. dzięki powoływaniu publicznych placówek dla dzieci w wieku przedszkolnym oraz zatrudnieniu na stanowisku miejskiej inspektorki wychowania przedszkolnego Janiny Pawłowskiej. Wniosek z badań: znaczące zmiany, jakie w latach 1924-1939 dokonały się w łódzkich przedszkolach odnotowano w sferze wychowawczo-dydaktycznej, zwłaszcza w pracy z dzieckiem i jego rodziną. W myśl nowatorskich rozwiązań pedagogicznych starano się modernizować istniejące przedszkola i zakładać nowe, wyposażać w nowoczesne pomoce dydaktyczne, podnosić jakość pracy wychowawczej oraz wprowadzać do przedszkolnej przestrzeni nowe formy współpracy z rodzicami. / The purpose of this study was the attempt to recreate the nature and directions of transformations which took place in preschool education in Łódź in 1924-1939. This article is a continuation of the research (related to the period of 1918-1923) the results of which have already been published in Elementary Education in Theory and Practice [Edukacja Elementarna w Teorii i Praktyce]. The new research problem was the establishment of the first and other preschools by the local government of the city of Łódź. The attempt was made to study the manner in which the financial basis of these preschools was organized, the way the educational and care work was performed, whether new pedagogical tendencies were followed, and what difficulties had to be overcome. To find the responses to those questions, the author of this article examined source materials in journals. Two journals were surveyed: the nation-wide Przedszkole [Preschool], and the local Dziennik Zarządu Miasta Łodzi [Journal of the Management of the City of Łódź]. It was found that, since the mid-1920s, a new direction was defined in preschool education in Łódź due to the opening of public preschools for children and to the employment of Janina Pawłowska as a municipal preschool education inspector. It was concluded that major changes which occurred in Łódź preschools in 1924-1939 concerned the area of education and didactics, in particular in work with children and their family. Following the innovative pedagogical solutions, the authorities tried to modernize the existing preschools and open new ones, equip them with modern teaching aids, improve the quality of educational work, and introduce new forms of cooperation with parents to preschools.

Language: Polish

DOI: 10.35765/eetp.2023.1868.09

ISSN: 2353-7787

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