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501 results

Article

Montessori Centenary Calendar–"Spirit of Montessori"

Publication: Montessori Society Review, vol. 18

Pages: 48

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Language: English

Article

Satzungen der Deutschen Montessori-Gesellschaft Ortsgruppe Berlin E.V. [Statutes of the German Montessori Society, local group Berlin E.V.

Publication: Montessori-Nachrichten

Pages: 3-7

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Language: German

Doctoral Dissertation

Análisis bibliométrico de María Montessori (1870-1952) en la actualidad [Bibliometric Analysis of Maria Montessori (1870-1952) today]

Available from: Universidad de Màlaga - Institutional Repository

Bibliometrics, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Writings, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: Se aproxima a la obra de Maria Montessori (1870-1952) con el objeto de comprender su obra médico-educativa, no sólo en sentido histórico sino conociendo la presencia de la misma en los diferentes campos de la ciencia en la actualidad. Las técnicas bibliométricas que nos permiten análisis de datos muy detallados, en la actualidad, han servido para rastrear la presencia de la misma, desde 1950 hasta la actualidad.

Language: English, Spanish

Published: Málaga, Spain, 2012

Long term effects of Montessori schooling: a selected group of ex-Montessori preschool pupils studied at primary and secondary school level

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Language: English

Published: Dublin, Ireland, 1974

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Mari̇a Montessori̇ Eği̇ti̇m Metodu [Montessori Method of Education]

Available from: DergiPark Akademik

Publication: Avrasya Sosyal ve Ekonomi Araştırmaları Dergisi / Eurasian Journal of Social and Economic Research, vol. 6, no. 12

Pages: 59-62

Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: İtalyan eğitim felsefesi uzmanı Maria Montessori 1970 yılında İtalya Ancora’da dünyaya gelmiştir. Yüzyılı aşkın süredir kullanılan Montessori eğitim sistemi Maria Montessori tarafından geliştirilmiştir. Herhangi bir sınırlamanın bulunmadığı bu eğitim sistemiyle çocuklara özgür bir eğitim sunulur. Günümüzde Montessori eğitimlerini verebilmek amacıyla İngiltere’de bulunan Uluslararası Montessori Derneği tarafından eğitmen yetiştirilmektedir. Bu eğitim anaokulu, ilkokul ve bazı ülkelerde lise seviyesine kadar çıkmaktadır. Maria Montessori 1907 yılında ilk çocukevi “Casa dei Bambini”de engelli olmayan çocuklarla çalışmalarında yaptığı gözlemlerde çocukların nelerden hoşlandıklarını ve nelerden hoşlanmadıklarını saptar. Maria Montessori çocukların: ödüllerden, cezalardan,oyuncaklardan, öğretmen masasından,toplu derslerden hoşlanmadıklarını, özgür seçimden, hatalarını kendilerin denetiminden, sessizlikten, sosyal ilişkilerini kendileri tarafından kurmasından, kitapsız okuma ve yazmadan hoşlandıklarını gözlemledi. Çocukların kendilerini birey olarak görmesinin sağlandığı Montessori eğitiminde aile, öyretmen ve öyrenci iş birliği içerisindedir. Öğrencinin öyrenme hızı doğrultusunda eğitim verilir ve bilgi akılla değil el yordamıyla öğrenilir.Soyut kavramların somut kavramlarla anlaşılması sağlanır. Montessori eğitimi emelde kişiliğin oluşumu üzerinde durmaktadır. Maria Montessori bunu açıkça şu şekilde ifade etmektedir:” Eğitimde metot değil,insan kişiliği göz önüne alınmaktadır.” [Italian pedagogue Maria Montessori was born in 1970 in Ancona, Italy. The Montessori education system, which has been used for over a century, was developed by Maria Montessori. With this education system, where there is no restriction, a free education is offered to children. Today, trainers are trained by the International Montessori Association in England in order to provide Montessori education. This education goes up to kindergarten, primary school and in some countries high school level. Maria Montessori determined what the children liked and disliked in her observations while working with non-disabled children in the first children's home “Casa dei Bambini” in 1907. Maria Montessori observed that children: they do not like rewards, punishments, toys, teacher's desk, group lessons, they like free choice, control over their mistakes, silence, establishing social relations by themselves, reading and writing without books. In Montessori education, where children see themselves as individuals, family, teacher and student are in cooperation. Education is given in line with the student's learning pace and knowledge is learned by groping, not by mind. It is ensured that abstract concepts are understood with concrete concepts. Montessori education primarily focuses on the formation of personality. Maria Montessori expresses this clearly as follows: “In education, not the method, but the human personality is taken into consideration.”]

Language: Turkish

ISSN: 2148-9963

Article

Die Bedeutung der Bewegung in der Pädagogik Maria Montessoris [The importance of movement in Maria Montessori's pedagogy]

Publication: Montessori: Zeitschrift für Montessori-Pädagogik, vol. 36, no. 4

Pages: 177-184

Montessori method of education, Movement education, Physical education for children

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Language: German

ISSN: 0944-2537

Doctoral Dissertation

Habilidades de resolução de problemas: desenvolvimento de uma medida e relações com o Método Montessori [Problem-solving: development of a measure and relations with the Montessori Method]

Available from: Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora - Institutional Repository

Americas, Brazil, Comparative education, Creative thinking in children, Critical thinking in children, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori method of education, Problem solving in children, South America

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Abstract/Notes: Problemas dos mais simples aos mais complexos estão presentes no dia-a-dia das pessoas. Assim, diferentes áreas da Psicologia têm estudado os processos psicológicos relacionados à resolução de problema (RP), destacando-se a interface entre RP e processos educacionais. Embora as habilidades de RP sejam aspectos chave do processo educacional, há controvérsias sobre como promovê-las em ambiente escolar. O Método Montessori (MM) é uma das estratégias educacionais que têm como um de seus propósitos desenvolver essas habilidades em sala. Desse modo, esta Tese conduziu estudos com diferentes delineamentos – correlacional e quase experimental – com o objetivo de analisar se o MM promove habilidades gerais de RP. Devido à carência de instrumentos brasileiros que avaliam este construto, no primeiro capítulo é apresentado o processo de construção das Escalas de Resolução de Problema (ERP), incluindo elaboração de itens, grupos focais (N = 24) e análise por juízes (N = 23), bem como estudos (N = 767) para a obtenção de evidências de validade baseadas na estrutura interna e estimativas de fidedignidade para as ERP. Análises fatoriais confirmatórias evidenciaram que as ERP possuem duas escalas (Habilidades de Resolução de Problemas (HRP) e Orientação em Relação ao Problema (ORP)) com consistência interna satisfatória. As ERP foram utilizadas em um estudo (Capítulo 2) que teve como objetivo comparar as habilidades de RP de estudantes (N = 91) de escolas tradicionais e montessorianas, sendo que, no último caso, considerou-se a fidelidade de implementação (Montessori Clássico ou Montessori Suplementar), além de variáveis demográficas e educacionais. Não foram obtidas diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os alunos dos dois tipos de escolas pesquisadas. ORP não se associou às variáveis demográficas e educacionais investigadas e, ao classificar HRP em níveis (baixo, médio e alto), observou-se um escore mais elevado de alunas com níveis médios. Com o objetivo de analisar os efeitos de um processo de educação matemática baseado em princípios do MM no desenvolvimento de habilidades de RP, conduziu-se um quase experimento (Capítulo 3) com alunos de quarto e quinto anos do Ensino Fundamental (N = 18). Após serem subdivididos em Grupo Montessori (GM) e Grupo Ensino Tradicional (GET), eles participaram de um processo de educação matemática. As ERP foram aplicadas pré e pós-educação matemática. Foram observados ganhos tanto em HRP quanto em ORP, ainda que limitados, no GM. Todavia, GM e GET não 5 diferiram quanto ao desempenho em matemática. É possível afirmar que, apesar de outras pesquisas serem necessárias para obter mais evidências de validade e estimar sua fidedignidade, as ERP possuem propriedades psicométricas satisfatórias. Também há evidências de que o MM pode contribuir para o desenvolvimento de habilidades de RP. Porém, no último caso, também são necessárias mais evidências empíricas, especialmente aquelas obtidas em salas de aula e não em experimentos. Desenvolver as habilidades de RP dos discentes é fundamental, pois elas são essenciais tanto no processo de ensino-aprendizagem quanto na vida. [Problems, from simple to complex ones, are present in people's daily lives. The way each person responds to them is related to several psychological correlates, such as better psychological adjustment. Thus, different areas of Psychology have studied the psychological processes related to problem-solving (PS), emphasizing the interface between PS and educational processes. Even though PS skills are key aspects of the educational process, there are controversies about how to promote them in the school environment. The Montessori Method (MM) is one of the educational strategies that has as one of its purposes to develop these skills in the classroom. Thus, this thesis has conducted studies with different designs - correlational and quasi-experimental - with the objective of analyzing whether the MM promotes general PS skills. Due to the lack of Brazilian instruments that assess this construct, the first chapter presents the construction process of the Problem-Solving Scales (ERP), including the elaboration of items, focus groups (N = 24) and analysis by judges (N = 23), as well as studies (N = 767) to obtain evidence of validity based on internal structure and reliability estimates for ERP. Confirmatory factor analyzes showed that the ERP have two scales (Problem Resolution Skills (PSS) and Problem Orientation (PO)) with satisfactory internal consistency. The ERP were used in a study (Chapter 2) that aimed to compare the PS skills of students (N = 91) of traditional and montessorian schools and, in the latter case, implementation fidelity was considered (Classic Montessori or Supplemented Montessori). Associations were also made between these skills and demographic and educational variables. There were no statistically significant differences between the students of the two types of schools researched. PO was not associated to the demographic and educational variables investigated and when PSS was classified in levels (low, medium and high), a higher score of students with average levels was observed. In order to analyze the effects of a mathematical education process based on MM principles on the development of PS skills, a quasi-experiment (Chapter 3) was conducted with students of fourth and fifth grades of Elementary School (N = 18). After subdividing them into Montessori Group (MG) and Traditional Schooling Group (TSG), they participated in a process of mathematical education. The ERP were applied pre and post-mathematical education. There were gains in both PSS and PO, albeit limited, in 7 the MG. However, MG and TSG did not differ in mathematical performance. It is possible to state that, even though other studies are necessary to obtain more evidence of validity and to estimate its reliability, the ERP have satisfactory psychometric properties. There is also evidence that the MM can contribute to the development of PS skills. However, in the latter case, more empirical evidence is also needed, especially those obtained in classrooms rather than in experiments. Developing the PS skills of the students is fundamental, since they are essential both in the teaching-learning process and in life itself.]

Language: Portuguese

Published: Juiz de Fora, Brazil, 2017

Book

Roma 1907: La Prima Casa dei Bambini di Maria Montessori / The First Children's House of Maria Montessori

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Language: English, Italian

Published: Rome, Italy: Opera Nazionale Montessori, 2006

Article

Montessori u Nastavi [Montessori in Lessons]

Available from: Hrčak - Portal of Croatian scientific and professional journals

Publication: Varaždinski učitelj: digitalni stručni časopis za odgoj i obrazovanje, vol. 5, no. 9

Pages: 207-212

Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: Integracijom elemenata Montessori pedagogije u javne škole učenici razvijaju samostalnost i odgovornost te mnoge druge vještine. Već nekoliko godina u nastavu uključujemo elemente Montessori pedagogije koristeći se Montessori materijalima kao dopunom procesa učenja. U ovom radu predstavit ću usvajanje osnovnih matematičkih pojmova pomoću koncepta Montessori pedagogije. [By integrating elements of Montessori pedagogy into public schools, students develop independence and responsibility and many other skills. For several years now, we have included elements of Montessori pedagogy in our classes, using Montessori materials as a supplement to the learning process. In this paper, I will present the acquisition of basic mathematical concepts using the concept of Montessori pedagogy.]

Language: Croatian

ISSN: 2623-7237

Book Section

Maria Montessori e il suo metodo [Maria Montessori and Her Method]

Book Title: La scuola vivente

Pages: 204-210

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Language: Italian

Published: Torino, Italy: Paravia, 1930

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