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Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Edukacja Matematyczna w Przedszkolu Montessori. Perspektywa Badawcza / Mathematical Education at the Montessori Kindergarten. A Research Perspective

Available from: Library of Science (Poland)

Publication: Zeszyty Naukowe Wyższej Szkoły Humanitas. Pedagogika, no. 14

Pages: 193-202

Eastern Europe, Europe, Mathematics education, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Poland

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Abstract/Notes: The article tackles the issue of mathematical education provided by teachers in the kindergartens run in the Montessori system. As empirical research has demonstrated, mathematical education in Montessori kindergartens proceeds correctly and effectively. The respondent teachers declared that they teach mathematical content very often. They use varied teaching methods and forms specific to the Montessori approach, giving preference to individual work with the developmental material. Such an educational situation guarantees that children completing their pre-school education in the Montessori system will have mastered preliminary mathematical skills (called mathematical intuitions) at an appropriate level and attained the maturity required for learning mathematics at the school level. / W artykule podjęto problem realizacji edukacji matematycznej przez nauczycieli w przedszkolach w systemie Montessori. Na podstawie przeprowadzonych badań empirycznych ustalono, iż edukacja matematyczna w placówkach Montessori przebiega prawidłowo i efektywnie. Badani nauczyciele deklarują dużą częstotliwość realizowania treści matematycznych. Stosują zróżnicowane metody i formy kształcenia właściwe dla pedagogiki montessoriańskiej, preferując indywidualną pracę dziecka z materiałem rozwojowym. Taka sytuacja edukacyjna gwarantuje dzieciom kończącym edukację przedszkolną w systemie Montessori opanowanie na właściwym poziomie wstępnych umiejętności matematycznych nazwanych matematycznymi intuicjami oraz osiągniecie dojrzałości do uczenia się matematyki na poziomie szkolnym.

Language: Polish

ISSN: 1896-4591, 2956-3992

Master's Thesis

Montessori materyallerinin zihin engelli ve işitme engelli çocukların alıcı dil gelişiminden görsel algı düzeyine etkisi [The effect of Montessori materials on the level of visual perception from receptive language development of developmentally disabled and hearing impaired children]

Available from: Selçuk University (Turkey)

Asia, Developmentally disabled children, Hearing impaired children, Language development, Middle East, Montessori materials, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Engelli çocukların gelişmesi ve iyi yönde ilerleme kaydetmesi, devam ettikleri okullarda almış oldukları eğitim hizmetinin niteliği ile yakından ilişkisi vardır. Engelli çocuklar, diğer normal çocuklar gibi yaşamlarını bağımsız olarak sürdürebilmeleri için günlük yaşamda gerekli bazı davranışları öğrenmeleri gerekir. Engelli çocuklar görerek ve dokunarak öğrendikleri için materyal öğretiminin önemli bir yeri ve eğitici bir etkisi vardır. Pedagojinin etkili temsilcilerinden M. Montessori bu gerçeği görerek engelli çocukların bazı davranışları kolaylıkla edinebilmeleri için farklı gelişim alanlarına yönelik çeşitli materyaller geliştirmiş ve engelli çocukların duyu organlarının eğitimine ağırlık vermiştir. Bu amaçla araştırmada Montessori-Materyallerinden 'geometrik cisimlerin' işitme engelli ve zihin engelli çocukların alıcı dil becerilerinden görsel algı düzeyleri üzerinde etkili olup olmadığı saptanmak istenmiştir. Araştırmanın evreni, Konya'daki KOMMES-İşitme ve Konuşma Özürlüler Rehabilitasyon Merkezine ve EMPATİ-Zihinsel Yetersiz Çocukları Yetiştirme ve Koruma Vakfı'na devam etmekte olan ve belirlenen ön koşul becerilerinin yerine getirebilen 20 işitme engelli (on çocuk kontrol grubu-10 çocuk deney grubu olmak üzere), 20'de zihin engelli (on çocuk kontrol grubu-10 çocuk deney grubu olmak üzere), toplam 40 öğrenciden oluşmaktadır. Araştırmada ön test son test kontrol gruplu model uygulanmıştır. Öğrencilerin alıcı dil becerilerinden görsel algı düzeyleri Dönmez ve arkadaşlarının (1997) dil gelişimi etkinlikleri çalışmasından yararlanılarak araştırmacı tarafından hazırlanan 5 maddelik ölçek ile ölçülmüştür. Bu maddeler; 1. tanıyabilme 2. ayırt edebilme 3. gruplayabilme 4. şekil seçme ve bulabilme 5. başka şekiller oluşturabilme Araştırmanın amacına göre ki-kare kullanılmış ve grupların ortalamaları arasındaki farklılıklar 't' testi ile yapılmıştır. Araştırma sonunda işitme engelli ve zihin engelli öğrencilerin görsel algı düzeylerine ilişkin başlangıç düzeylerine ait bulgularına bakıldığında işitme engellilerde (hem deney hem de kontrol grubunda) sonuçların anlamlı olmadığı; zihin engellilerin başlangıç düzeylerine ait bulgularına bakıldığında ise sonuçların anlamlı olduğuna varılmıştır. Başlangıç düzeyi tespitinden sonra 6 haftalık bir süreçte programın etkililiğini incelemek için Montessori-Materyali 'geometrik cisimler' uygulanmıştır. Bu süre sonunda işitme engelliler deney grubunda alıcı dil becerilerinden görsel algı düzeylerinde önemli bir değişiklik saptanmamıştır, zihin engelli deney grubunda ise görsel algı düzeylerinde önemli bir değişiklik elde edilmiştir. Her grup kendi içersinde başlangıç düzeyleri ve 6 haftalık bir süre sonunda test düzeyleri karşılaştırıldığında elde edilen bulgular ise şu şekildedir; İşitme engelli deney grubunun başlangıç düzeyini kontrol grubu ile denk olduğu, 6 haftalık uygulama sonunda da anlamlı düzeyde yüksek olmadığı saptanmıştır. Zihin engelli deney grubunun ise başlangıç düzeyi kontrol grubu ile denk olarak saptanmış, fakat 6 haftalık uygulama sonunda elde edilen sonucun anlamlı düzeyde yüksek olduğu tespit olmuştur. Kontrol gruplarına ise 6 hafta boyunca geleneksel yöntem ile öğretimlerine devam edilmiştir. 6 hafta sonra uygulanan test düzeyleriyle başlangıç düzeyleri karşılaştırıldığında manidar bir farklılık bulunmadığı sonucuna ulaşılmıştır. / There is a closest relation and correlation between the positive progressing for underdeveloped-spastic children and the quality of training and their educational performance that was given by their school. In order to continue and follow up their daily life by themselves just like a normal ones, they - underdeveloped children must learn some attitudes, so that underdeveloped children learn by sights and sensation. Therefore, learning by materials has a big importance and also these materials have a great training effects on their learning period. M. Montessori, who created some new approaches on pedagogy by her prescient for reality, developed new methods and created different materials focus on differentiated progressive fields of gaining attitudes and talents by underdeveloped children, hence Montessori focused on the training of senses of underdeveloped children. The purpose of this research study is determination of the effectiveness of 'geometric objects' which included by Montessori training materials, over the children's, those are deafness and mentally insufficient, receptive linguistic of the level of visual perception. The environment-space of this research study is KOMMES-Deafness And Non-Speaker Rehabilitation Center and EMPATİ-Mentally Insufficient Children Training and Protection Foundation. This experimental research study covers insufficient children follow up the courses and training of these two scholl, the selected 20 deafness children who can perform predetermined and conditioned talents (10 of these for controlling, the other 10 for experimental purposes) additionally 20 mentally insufficient children (again 10 for control and the other 10 for experimental purposes). 40 children totally were followed up. In this study Salomon's four-quadral-group model was applied and examined. Them, the students' receptive linguistic abilities through the level of visual perception - Dönmez and Ark's study of linguistic development effectiveness (1997) was measured with 5 factors scale which was prepared by researcher. These are 1. Recognition, 2. Distinguishing, 3. Sorting-Grouping, 4. Selection of figures and finding, 5. Creating the figures and forming. According to aim of this research-study, ki-square was used and the differences between the means of each group were determined by 't' test method. The results of this research study are, the beginning levels of visual perception of deafness children and of the children who are mentally insufficient; it is found that the results of deafness children-for both in control and in experimental group, are not meaningful. The findings of the level of beginning for mentally insufficient children are meaningful. After the determination of the beginning level, Geometric-three dimensional-objects from Montessori's materials method was applied in order to inspect the effectiveness of program for 6 weeks period. At the end of this period, for the experimental group of deafness children. It cannot be found that important changes on the level of visual perception of receptive linguistic talents, On the other hand, in experimental group covers the mentally insufficient children, important changes on visual perception level were found. For each group, the beginning levels of intra group and end of the 6 weeks period, comparing the group's level of test, the findings are as follow: The level of beginning for the experimental group of deafness children is equivalent to the level of beginning for the control group. After the 6 weeks experimental application, it was found that the level changes are not meaningful as much as. It was found that the level of beginning for the experimental group of mentally insufficient children is equivalent to the level of beginning for the control group these are mentally insufficient children. But, end of the 6 weeks experimental application, meaningful changes were taken from results. Along with the 6 weeks period, in controlling groups, the training and learning progress had been continued based on conventional method. End of the 6 weeks period, by the level of applied test and the level of beginning were compared. It was found that there is no valuable and notable differences between these two.

Language: Turkish

Published: Konya, Turkey, 2005

Book Section

Le scuole Montessori a Ceylon [Montessori schools in Ceylon]

Book Title: Maria Montessori cittadina del mondo [Maria Montessori, citizen of the world]

Pages: 283-286

Asia, Ceylon, Conferences, International Montessori Congress (8th, San Remo, Italy, 22-29 August 1949), Lena Wikramaratne - Speeches, addresses, etc., Lena Wikramaratne - Writings, South Asia, Sri Lanka

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Abstract/Notes: Dal volume degli Atti dell'VIII Congresso Internazionale Montessori, svoltosi a S. Remo dal 22 al 29 agosto 1949 sul tema: "La formazione dell'uomo nella ricostruzione mondiale", edizione "Opera Montessori", Roma 1950, riportiamo la relazione della signorina Lina Wikramaratne, rappresentante dell'Associazione Internazionale Montessori di Ceylon (India). [From the volume of the Proceedings of the VIII Montessori International Congress, held in San Remo from 22 to 29 August 1949 on the theme: "The formation of man in world reconstruction", "Opera Montessori" edition, Rome 1950, we report the report of the young lady Lina Wikramaratne, representative of the Association Montessori Internationale of Ceylon (India).]

Language: Italian

Published: Roma, Italy: Comitato italiano dell'OMEP, 1967

Article

Montessori 101: What Every Montessori Parent Ought to Know

Publication: Tomorrow's Child, vol. 5, no. 4

Pages: 5–8, 10–14

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Article

New Montessori Video on Elementary Education [from The Montessori Foundation]

Publication: Tomorrow's Child, vol. 8, no. 3

Pages: 4

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Article

Maria Montessori i la seva obra pedagògica [Maria Montessori and her pedagogical work]

Available from: ARCA. Arxiu de Revistes Catalanes Antigues

Publication: La Veu de Catalunya, vol. 25, no. 5693

Pages: 3

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources

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Language: Catalan

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Sličnosti i razlike pedagoških modela Marije Montessori, Rudolfa Steinera i Célestina Freineta [Similarities and differences of pedagogical models of Maria Montessori, Rudolf Steiner and Célestin Freinet]

Available from: Hrčak - Portal of Croatian scientific and professional journals

Publication: Školski vjesnik: časopis za pedagogijsku teoriju i praksu, vol. 56, no. 1-2

Pages: 65-77

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Abstract/Notes: Ovim radom nastoji se istaknuti važnost alternativnih škola koje u svijetu paralelno s državnim školama funkcioniraju od prve polovice 20. st. Metodom komparativne analize prikazuju se tri originalna pedagoška modela: Montessori-pedagogija, waldorfske škole i Freinetov pokret. Posebna pozornost posvećena je teoretskim postavkama i didaktičko-metodičkim posebnostima navedenih pedagoških modela. Steinerova pedagogija temelji se na antropozofiji, Montessori pedagogija na antropologiji, dok je rad temelj Freinetove pedagogije. Zajednička sastavnica ovih alternativnih modela jest: sloboda u širem značenju, poštivanje djeteta kao individue, samostalan rad učenika, učenje istraživanjem, poticanje suradnje u kolektivu, promjena uloge učitelja, korištenje raznih materijala i tehnika u organizaciji učenja i nastave i općenito bolja priprema za život u društvu. Proučavajući temeljne sličnosti i razlike alternativnih školskih sustava, može se zaključiti da je rad i cjelokupna organizacija učenja i nastave uvelike drugačija nego u državnim školama. Obzirom da u Hrvatskoj postoji nekolicina škola koje rade po koncepcijama ovih pedagogija, svrha je rada da se zanimljiva didaktičkometodička rješenja implementiraju u postojeće državne škole, a time i poboljšaju razvoj pedagoškog i školskog pluralizma. [This article tries to point-out the importance of alternative schools which have existed in the world parallel with public schools from the first half of the 20th century. The method of comparative analysis shows three original pedagogical models: Montessori pedagogy, Waldorf schools and Freinet’s movement. Special attention was given to theoretical theses and didactic-methodological particularities of these pedagogical models. Steiner’s pedagogy is based on anthroposophy; Montessori’s pedagogy is based on anthropology, while in Freinet’s pedagogy work is fundamental. The models share the following characteristics: freedom in a broader sense, respect for the child as an individual, individual work of the student, learning through research, stimulation of group cooperation, use of different methods and materials in the organization of learning activities, and generally better preparation for life in society. By analyzing similarities and differences between alternative pedagogical models and those used in public schools, we can conclude that the overall organization of teaching classes differs considerably from that in public schools. Since there are only few schools in Croatia that work following the conceptions of these pedagogies, the main purpose of this work is to implement these interesting didactic-methodical solutions in the existing public schools and by doing so to enhance the development of pluralism in education.]

Language: Croatian

ISSN: 0037-654X, 1848-0756

Article

Maria Montessori e l'educazione nuova: atti dell'11. Congresso internazionale Montessori, Roma, 26-28 settembre 1957

Publication: Vita dell'Infanzia (Opera Nazionale Montessori), vol. 6, no. 11

Pages: 3-12

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Language: Italian

ISSN: 0042-7241

Article

Montessori dijete – vodič za roditelje znatiželjnih i odgovornih ljudskih bića [The Montessori child – a guide for parents of curious and responsible human beings]

Available from: Hrčak - Portal of Croatian scientific and professional journals

Publication: Educational Issues / Odgojno-obrazovne teme, vol. 5, no. 2

Pages: 195-201

Child development, Montessori method of education, Parent education

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Language: Croatian

ISSN: 2623-7911, 2623-873X

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

La méthode Montessori adaptée aux personnes âgées présentant des troubles cognitifs, une approche globale centrée sur la personne Partie 1: Origines et grands principes fondamentaux [The Montessori method adapted to the elderly with cognitive disorders, a global approach centered on the person Part 1: Origins and major fundamental principles]

Available from: John Libbey Eurotext

Publication: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement, vol. 21, no. 1

Pages: 97-106

Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Gerontology, Montessori-Based Dementia Programming (MBDP), Montessori-based interventions (MBI)

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Abstract/Notes: Les approches centrées sur la personne constituent un modèle d’accompagnement des personnes âgées présentant des troubles cognitifs en plein développement au cours des dernières années. Ses bénéfices ont été bien documentés, mais la mise en œuvre concrète de ses grands principes reste parfois floue. Dans ce contexte, la méthode Montessori adaptée aux personnes âgées en constitue une des propositions d’application concrète. Elle intègre la vision et les grands principes humanistes de la pédagogie scientifique de Maria Montessori et des outils et techniques de réhabilitation. Elle vise à redonner à la personne du contrôle sur sa vie, à favoriser son engagement dans des activités porteuses de sens et à lui redonner une place et un rôle dans la communauté. Dans cette revue de littérature, nous aborderons dans un premier temps de manière générale le courant des approches centrées sur la personne, puis nous présenterons de manière plus détaillée l’historique et les principes de la méthode Montessori adaptée aux personnes âgées afin d’en proposer une vision claire et structurée. [Person-centered approaches are a model of support for older people with cognitive disorders that have been developing in recent years. Its benefits have been well documented, but the concrete implementation of its main principles sometimes remains unclear. In this context, the Montessori method adapted to the elderly constitutes one of the proposals for concrete application. It integrates the vision and the main humanist principles of the scientific pedagogy of Maria Montessori and the tools and techniques of rehabilitation. It aims to give the person back control over his life, to encourage his involvement in meaningful activities and to give him back a place and a role in the community. In this literature review, we will first approach the current of person-centered approaches in a general way, then we will present in more detail the history and principles of the Montessori method adapted to the elderly in order to propose a clear and structured vision.]

Language: French

DOI: 10.1684/pnv.2023.1079

ISSN: 2115-8789

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