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Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

L'educazione morale e religiosa nell'opera di Maria Montessori: Alcuni studi del Laboratorio Montessori di Roma [Moral and religious education in the work of Maria Montessori: Some studies of the Montessori Laboratory in Rome]

Available from: Università di Macerata

Publication: History of Education and Children's Literature (HECL), vol. 6, no. 2

Pages: 159-168

Europe, Italy, Moral education, Religious education, Southern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: L’articolo illustra il programma di ricerche del Laboratorio Montessori di Roma, un’as- sociazione che raccoglie ricercatori di varia provenienza impegnati nello studio della storia del metodo Montessori. Particolare attenzione è rivolta a due tematiche: da una parte, la formazione del carattere, che è stata oggetto di approfondite ricerche negli ultimi vent’anni (si vedano le ricerche di Angeline Stoll Lillard); e, dall’altra, l’educazione religiosa – temati- ca alla quale la Montessori si dedicò profondamente, mantenendo fino alla fine la radicata convinzione che il proprio metodo potesse essere utile all’insegnamento religioso e della religione cattolica in particolare. [This paper presents the research program of the Laboratory Montessori in Rome. The Laboratory is an association which brings together scholars from various countries to carry out research projects on the history of the Montessori movement. In 2011, the association has explored character education according to the Montessori method and special attention will be devoted to religious education. The character education has been studied with par- ticular attention in the last twenty years, and some research (for example, those of Angeline Stoll Lillard) have demonstrated the validity of the Montessori method. Religious education has been the subject of much discussion since Montessori had intense relationships with other cultures and religious figures from around the world. The author argues that Montes- sori devoted himself to Catholic education; she was linked to this confession until the end of his work and his life.]

Language: Italian

ISSN: 1971-1093, 1971-1131

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori en la Argentina: una mirada histórica desde la prensa pedagógica / Montessori in Argentina: A historical view from the pedagogical press / Montessori na Argentina: um olhar histórico desde a imprensa pedagógica

Available from: Universidad Pedagogica Nacional (Colombia)

Publication: Pedagogía y Saberes, no. 58

Pages: 101-114

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Abstract/Notes: This paper aims to inquire about the pedagogy of María Montessori in Argentina from the point of view of the history of education. In order to achieve this goal, the historical sources analyzed were two of the most critical journals in the first half of the 20th century: El Monitor de la Educación Común and La Obra. The first was the official review of the National Education Council, which oversaw Argentinian primary education as a government organ. The second was driven by a group of teachers and was formerly known as the official representation of the New School in Argentina. This investigation looks for marks and hints on the reception among Argentinean teachers of this pedagogy, internationalized since the second decade of the 20th century, over these two journals. As the main contribution, we learn about different ways of appropriation of Montessori’s pedagogy as well as the critics of her proposal and its usage to discuss positions of power in the local pedagogy field.

Language: Spanish

DOI: 10.17227/pys.num58-17331

ISSN: 2500-6436, 0121-2494

Article

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Formare il «nuovo Maestro» secondo Maria Montessori / Formar al «nuevo Maestro» según Maria Montessori / Training the «new Teacher» according to Maria Montessori

Available from: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

Publication: RELAdEI (Revista Latinoamericana de Educación Infantil), vol. 5, no. 4

Pages: 78-91

Hélène Lubienska de Lenval - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Teacher training, Montessori method of education - Teacher training, Montessori method of education - Teachers, Teacher training

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Abstract/Notes: È noto quanto Maria Montessori fosse esigente nei confronti del maestro. In questo articolo si presenta la sua visione delle caratteristiche che devono animare il «nuovo Maestro» per consentire «al bambino nuovo» di potersi sviluppare in modo armonioso ed equilibrato. Dato che la peculiarità della pedagogia montessoriana è cambiare la modalità relazionale tra l’adulto e il bambino, sono messi in risalto alcuni aspetti concreti e universali condivisibili da tutti gli insegnanti. Questi possono essere applicati ovunque e possono anche facilitare la didattica, anche senza applicare tutto il Metodo Montessori, giacché l’autoeducazione del bambino è legata all’autodisciplina dell’adulto. Per formare i maestri Maria Montessori aveva scelto di organizzare i Corsi internazionali di formazione che duravano diversi mesi. Per chiarire gli elementi essenziali, vengono studiate le conferenze riguardo al nuovo maestro pronunciate durante questi corsi. Da esse vengono ricavati i tre livelli di formazione: materiale, scientifica e spirituale. Alcuni aspetti imprescindibili vengono più approfonditi, quali lo spogliarsi dei preconcetti, il cambiare le attitudini morali e l’essere un’osservatore gioioso, aspetti che la Montessori considerava essenziali per risolvere il problema dell’educazione. Basandosi anche su alcuni racconti di allieve, sono proposte alcune modalità scelte da Hélène Lubienska de Lenval durante il suo Cours Pédagogique, e sono presentate alcune scelte pedagogiche di Adele Costa Gnocchi, che aprirà la Scuola Assistenti all’Infanzia dove saranno approfondite le intuizioni della Montessori per il bambino piccolo fino a tre anni. / Es conocido lo exigente que Maria Montessori ha sido en relación a los maestros. En este artículo se presenta su visión de las características que debería poseer el “nuevo maestro” para permitir al “nuevo niño” desarrollarse de manera armoniosa y equilibrada. Considerando que la finalidad de la pedagogía montessoriana es cambiar la modalidad de interacción entre el adulto y el niño, se pueden destacar algunos aspectos concretos y universales que puedan compartir por todos los maestros. Sin necesidad de aplicar completamente el Método Montessori, estos elementos pueden ser útiles en todo tipo de circunstancia y facilitar la didáctica, puesto che la autoeducación del niño depende de la autodisciplina del adulto. Para formar a los maestros, Maria Montessori decidió organizar los cursos internacionales de formación con una duración de varios meses. Para aclarar los aspectos esenciales, en este artículo se toman en consideración las conferencias relativas al “nuevo maestro” que se pronunciaron en estos cursos. A partir de ellas se pueden derivar los tres niveles de formación: material, científica y espiritual. Se profundiza sobre algunos aspectos fundamentales como liberarse de los prejuicios, cambiar la actitud moral y ser un alegre y atento observador, aspectos que Maria Montessori consideraba primordiales para resolver el problema de la educación. Basándose en algunos relatos de sus alumnas, también se exponen algunas modalidades adoptadas por Hélène Lubienska de Lenval presentadas durante su Cours Pédagogique y además se presentan algunas opciones pedagógicas de Adele Costa Gnocchi, que abrirá la Escuela de Asistentes de la Infancia donde se estudiará a profundidad la visión de Maria Montessori para el niño pequeño, hasta los tres años de edad. / It is well known how much Maria Montessori demanded of teachers. This article presents her vision of the characteristics which should animate the “new teacher” in order to allow the development of the “new child” in a harmonious and balanced manner. Given that the goal of the Montessori pedagogy is to change the manner of relating between adult and child, some concrete and universal characteristics are highlighted which are common to all teachers. Even without applying the entire Montessori methodology, these elements can be useful in all circumstances and can facilitate teaching, given that the self education of the child is linked to the self discipline of the adult. To train teachers, Maria Montessori chose to organize international training courses lasting several months. To clarify the essential elements, the conferences regarding the topic of the new teacher during these training courses are presented here. These elements are divided into three levels of training: the material level, the scientific level, and the spiritual level. Some essential aspects are covered in depth, such as the denuding of preconceptions; changing of moral attitudes; being a joyful observer; all approaches that Maria Montessori considered essential to solve the problem of education. Finally, on the basis of stories of students, there are presented some methods chosen by Helene Lubienska de Lenval taken from her Cours Pedagogique, and some pedagogical methods taken from Adele Costa Gnocchi, who will open the Scuola Assistenti all’Infanzia, where they will delve deeper into Montessori insights regarding the small child up to three years of age.

Language: Italian

ISSN: 2255-0666

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori e Wittgenstein: Il linguaggio come costruzione del mondo / Montessori y Wittgenstein: El lenguaje como construcción del mundo / Montessori and Wittgenstein: Language as construction of the world

Available from: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

Publication: RELAdEI (Revista Latinoamericana de Educación Infantil), vol. 7, no. 2-3

Pages: 137-147

Ludwig Wittgenstein - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy

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Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori e Ludwig Wittgenstein hanno apportato un contributo significativo allo sviluppo del concetto di linguaggio in ambito educativo. Muovendo dalla sfera del linguaggio parlato e passando poi a quella del linguaggio scritto, l’articolo che segue ha come proposito quello di far emergere le affinità concettuali rintracciate all’interno delle opere dei due autori. Tale parallelismo ha origine comune nella centralità affidata al rapporto interdipendente tra pensiero e linguaggio. L’articolo qui proposto vuole soprattutto amplificare il messaggio filosofico ed etico che accompagna questo pensiero comune ad entrambi gli autori e che può essere così riassunto: un ambiente educativo all’interno del quale venga promossa una visione filosofica ed etica del linguaggio permette al bambino di migliorare la qualità della propria vita intima e sociale. / Maria Montessori y Ludwig Wittgenstein han aportado una contribución significativa en el desarrollo del concepto de lenguaje en el ámbito educativo. Empezando por la esfera del lenguaje hablado y atravesando la de la escritura, este artículo se propone resaltar las afinidades conceptuales delineadas entre las obras de los dos autores. Este paralelismo encuentra orígenes comunes en la centralidad conferida al vínculo entre pensamiento y lenguaje. El propósito de este artículo es el de destacar el mensaje filosófico y ético que acompaña el pensamiento de los dos autores y que puede ser así resumido: un entorno educativo dentro del cual sea promovida una visión filosófica y ética del lenguaje, permite al niño mejorar la calidad de su propia vida interior y social. / Maria Montessori and Ludwig Wittgenstein contributed to formulate notions of language in the field of education. Starting from spoken language and moving to the written word, this article aims to unfold the conceptual resemblances in both authors. This parallelism finds common origins in the centrality conferred on the relationship between thought and language. The purpose of this article is to highlight the philosophical and ethical message that accompanies the thoughts of the two authors and that can be summarized that way: an educational environment within which a philosophical and ethical vision of language is promoted allows the child to improve the quality of their own individual and social life.

Language: Italian

ISSN: 2255-0666

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori per i piccoli da 0 a 3 anni / Montessori para niños de 0 a 3 años / Montessori for babies from 0 to 3 years

Available from: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

Publication: RELAdEI (Revista Latinoamericana de Educación Infantil), vol. 3, no. 3

Pages: 67-73

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Abstract/Notes: En el movimiento Montessori hay un área específica en el niño y la primera infancia, que en sus orígenes y en su investigación es poco conocido incluso en el interior. La más pequeña, la palabra-no (los bebés, de hecho) están en todas partes infravalorados. Es difícil de morir el prejuicio de que son poco más que un tracto digestivo o una fuente de incomodidad, de caprichos incomprensibles y exige que los padres modernos son cada vez menos dispuestos a cumplir. Montessori lugar ya a principios del siglo XX se ha puesto de manifiesto la riqueza de los recién nacidos, y el extraordinario potencial de auto-propietaria, la recepción sensorial aguda, no postergar la necesidad de estabilidad, continuidad en los informes y los ritmos diarios: ternura y calma, calidez y capacidad de agarrar, señalando con respecto a sus reacciones, necesidades que a menudo, aunque similar a otros compañeros, se revela como absolutamente personal.

Language: Italian

ISSN: 2255-0666

Article

Maria Montessori: lettera a un montessoriano: 1947: un documento rivelatore delle speranze di Maria Montessori affidate all'Opera Montessori e a tutti i montessoriani

Publication: Vita dell'Infanzia (Opera Nazionale Montessori), vol. 45, no. 8

Pages: 4-7

Maria Montessori - Writings

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Language: Italian

ISSN: 0042-7241

Doctoral Dissertation

American Writings on Maria Montessori: An Inquiry into Changes in the Reception and Interpretations Given to Writings on Maria Montessori and Montessori Educational Ideas 1910-1915 and 1958-1970

Available from: ProQuest - Dissertations and Theses

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this dissertation will be to survey and analyze American writings on Maria Montessori and her educational system, in order to show how the idea of Montessori education has interacted with some changing American ideas and social forces. These changes in social and intellectual currents can be likened to a shift from centrifugal to centripetal force; or to the expansion and then the contraction of a universe. The central metaphor is the same. It is applicable to, and illustrative of, much about the changing social and educational scene in America. The writings on Montessori, examined against this framework, should provide a new view on certain changes in American educational thinking.

Language: English

Published: Kent, Ohio, 1973

Doctoral Dissertation

Montessori anne destek eğitim programının; Montessori eğitimi alan 4-5 yaş çocukların matematik ve günlük yaşam becerilerine etkilerinin incelenmesi / Mother Support of Montessori Education Program: Montessori Education Area Children Ages 4-5, Investigation of Effect of Mathematıcs and Daily Life Skills

Available from: Selçuk University (Turkey)

Asia, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Parent participation, Practical life exercises, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Bu araştırma Montessori eğitim yöntemi ile okulöncesi eğitim alan ve anneleri "Montessori Anne Destek Programı"na katılmış deney grubu çocuklar ile "Pür Montessori" eğitimi alan 4-5 yaş kontrol grubu çocukların matematik ve günlük yaşam becerilerine etkisini incelemeyi amaçlamıştır. Çalışma grubunda, 2016-2017 öğretim yılında Konya ilinde bulunan Selçuk Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, İhsan Doğramacı Uygulama Anaokuluna devam eden Montessori yöntemi ile okulöncesi eğitim alan, 8 deney, 11 kontrol olmak üzere toplam19 çocuk yer almıştır. Araştırmada deney ve kontrol gruplarından veri toplama aracı olarak Temel Okul Becerileri Envanteri Matematik ve Günlük Yaşam Becerileri alt Testi Uygulanmıştır. Testler çocuklara öğretmenleri tarafından deneme öncesi ve sonrası uygulanmıştır. Ayrıca deneme grubuna eğitim programı bittikten 12 hafta sonra tekrar uygulanmıştır. Araştırmada elde edilen verilerin analizinde Mann Whitney U ve Wilcoxon İşaretli Sıralar Testi uygulanmıştır. İncelenen bulgular deneme ve kontrol grubu arasında sontest puan ortalamaları arasındaMatematik de deneme grubu lehine anlamlı bir farklılaşma görülmüştür. Günlük Yaşam Becerileri sontest değerlendirmelerinde ise bir farklılaşma bulunamamıştır. Deneme grubu çocukların TOBEMAT ve TOBEGYBAT testi sontest ve izleme testi puan ortalamaları arasında anlamlı bir farklılaşma olmamıştır. / This research aimed to investigate the effects of Montessori education method on the mathematics and daily life skills of the children who took the preschool education and the mothers of the experimental group participated in the "Montessori Mother Support Program" and the children of the control group of 4-5 age "Pure Montessori". In the study group, 19th Montessori method, which took place in Selcuk University, Faculty of Health Sciences, İhsan Doğramacı Application Nursing School, located in Konya province in the 2016-2017 school year, took place. The Basic School Skills Inventory Mathematics and Daily Life Skills Sub-Test was applied as a data collection tool in the study. Tests were administered to children before and after the test by their teachers. In addition, the experimental group was reapplied 12 weeks after the end of the training program. Mann Whitney U and Wilcoxon Marked Ranks Test were applied in the analysis of the data obtained in the research. A significant difference was found in the mean scores of the post test scores between the findings and control groups examined in favor of the experimental group in Mathematics. In Daily Life Skills posttest evaluations, no differentiation was found. There was no significant difference between the BSSI-MAT and BSSI-DLS test posttest and follow-up test scores of the children in the experimental group.

Language: Turkish

Published: Konya, Turkey, 2018

Undergraduate Thesis

Pengembangan Desain Mainan Balok Montessori untuk Usia 3-6 Tahun Berkonsep Multiplayer (Studi Kasus: Albata Islamic Montessori Preschool) [Design Development of Montessori Block Toys for Ages 3-6 Years with Multiplayer Concept (Case Study: Albata Islamic Montessori Preschool)]

Available from: Universitas Dinamika (Indonesia) - Institutional Repository

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Islamic Montessori method of education, Islamic education, Montessori method of education, Religious education, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Perkembangan pada anak salah satunya adalah perkembangan motorik halus. Penguasaan motorik halus adalah salah satu yang penting bagi anak khususnya usia 3-6 tahun. Namun, tidak semua anak mempunyai kematangan yang sama untuk menguasai kemampuan motorik halus pada tahap yang sama. Perkembangan motorik halus pada anak salah satunya dipengaruhi faktor eksternal yaitu lingkungan. Metode pembelajaran Montessori merupakan salah satu metode yang mementingkan penyediaan lingkungan yang sesuai dengan tahap perkembangan anak. Penyediaan lingkungan yang sesuai diwujudkan melalui berdirinya sekolah-sekolah dengan metode pembelajaran Montessori, termasuk Albata Islamic Montessori Preschool. Bedanya, kelas di sekolah yang menggunakan Metode pembelajaran Montessori tidak mengelompokkan anak berdasarkan umur agar anak bisa saling mengajarkan dan bersosialisasi dengan baik, membentuk jiwa kepemimpinan anak, tanggung jawab dan kemandirian. Selain itu dalam metode ini, digunakan alat permainan edukatif yang sesuai dengan tahap perkembangan anak. Berdasarkan penjelasan diatas, dibutuhkan sarana pembelajaran motorik halus berupa mainan montessori yang dapat dimainkan anak usia 3-6 tahun secara bersama-sama atau multiplayer. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan deskriptif, data bersumber dari observasi, wawancara dan studi literatur. Salah satu mainan Montessori yang umum digunakan untuk melatih motorik halus adalah mainan balok. Perbedaan mainan balok yang dikembangkan peneliti dibanding penelitian serupa sebelumnya yaitu dalam segi fungsi dan cara bermain. Sementara material menggunakan kayu dengan finishing yang menyesuaikan fungsi yaitu HPL putih glossy digunakan untuk menggambar, menulis pada permukaan balok. Hasil penelitian berupa Mainan Balok Montessori multiplayer yang memiliki nilai kebaruan dari segi fungsi yaitu digunakan untuk melatih motorik halus khususnya aktifitas yang bersifat practical life dan dari segi cara bermain menggunakan konsep multiplayer yang sesuai dengan perkembangan psikologis usia 3-6 tahun.

Language: Indonesian

Published: Surabaya, Indonesia, 2022

Doctoral Dissertation

Informationstechnologien und Montessori-Pädagogik: die Implementierung des Internets als Informationsmedium in Montessori-Schulen der USA [Information technologies and Montessori pedagogy: the implementation of the Internet as an information medium in Montessori schools in the USA]

Available from: Pädagogische Hochschule Freiburg

Americas, Information and communications technology (ICT), Montessori method of education, North America, Technology and children, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Ausgehend von der Beobachtung, dass in der Unterrichtsforschung Konzepte des „offenen Lernens“ für die Implementierung neuer Medien, wie dem Internet, empfohlen werden, wird der Zusammenhang zwischen reformpädagogischen Ansätzen und neuen Informationstechnologien hergestellt. Hier knüpfen die Untersuchungen der vorliegenden Arbeit an. Herausgegriffen wird das Konzept Maria Montessoris, untersucht in den USA, wo sich zum einen alternative Pädagogiken freier entwickeln können und zum anderen die Implementierung neuer Medien in den Unterricht offensiver vorangetrieben wird. Es wird angenommen, dass die Lernumgebung Montessoris unter dem Gesichtspunkt einer Modernisierung des Konzepts auf die heutigen Ansprüche eine optimale Lernlandschaft bietet, das Internet als natürliche Informationsquelle in den Unterricht zu integrieren. Die gegenwärtig kontroverse Umsetzung der Pädagogik Montessoris (AMI und AMS) sowie die zu diesem Zeitpunkt verwirklichte Internetnutzung in den Schulen werden am Beispiel der USA einer kritischen Reflexion unterzogen. Kapitel 1 dieser Arbeit betrachtet die Pädagogik Montessoris. Ein Abschnitt liefert Informationen über die kontemporäre Verwirklichung ihrer Pädagogik in den USA. Die Möglichkeiten des Internets für den Unterricht, die Aussagen der Forschung über das informationstechnische Lernen sowie seine Integration in den USA, wird in Kapitel 2 näher untersucht. In Kapitel 3 wird die Notwendigkeit des Interneteinsatzes in Schulen überprüft und die Eignung offener Strukturen als Basis dafür begründet. Die gewonnenen Erkenntnisse geben die Grundlage zu den in Kapitel 4 und 5 beschriebenen Untersuchungen, wie diese Implementierung in der Praxis nordamerikanischer Montessori-Schulen verwirklicht ist. Beschrieben wird sowohl eine Querschnittsuntersuchung als auch eine Fallstudie. Kapitel 6 schildert die pädagogischen Konsequenzen für die Nutzung des Internets im Unterricht. [Based on the observation that teaching research recommends concepts of “open learning” for the implementation of new media such as the Internet, the connection between reform-pedagogical approaches and new information technologies is established. This is where the investigations of the present work tie in. The concept of Maria Montessori is being singled out, examined in the USA, where, on the one hand, alternative pedagogies can develop more freely and, on the other hand, the implementation of new media in the classroom is being promoted more aggressively. It is assumed that the Montessori learning environment, from the point of view of modernizing the concept to meet today's requirements, offers an optimal learning landscape to integrate the Internet as a natural source of information into the classroom. The currently controversial implementation of Montessori pedagogy (AMI and AMS) as well as the internet usage in schools at that time are subjected to critical reflection using the example of the USA. Chapter 1 of this thesis looks at Montessori's pedagogy. A section provides information on the contemporary realization of their pedagogy in the USA. The possibilities of the Internet for teaching, the statements of research about information technology learning and its integration in the USA are examined in more detail in Chapter 2. Chapter 3 examines the necessity of using the Internet in schools and explains the suitability of open structures as a basis for this. The knowledge gained provides the basis for the investigations described in Chapters 4 and 5, how this implementation is realized in practice in North American Montessori schools. Both a cross-sectional study and a case study are described. Chapter 6 describes the pedagogical consequences for the use of the Internet in the classroom.]

Language: German

Published: Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany, 2003

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