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Article

Academic Achievement Outcomes: A Comparison of Montessori and Non-Montessori Public Elementary School Students

Available from: Journal of Elementary Education

Publication: Journal of Elementary Education, vol. 25, no. 1

Pages: 39-53

Americas, Comparative education, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, North America, United States of America, ⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: Within the realm of elementary public schools, several pedagogical models of early childhood education are practiced in the United States (Lillard, 2005). The constructivist approach to early childhood education is illustrative of best practices based on current theory. One model of constructivist early childhood education is the Montessori Method founded in the early twentieth century by Maria Montessori, an Italian physician (Montessori, 1912/1964). Though the Montessori Method is aligned with research-based best practices espoused by constructivism, there are relatively few public Montessori schools currently in the United States. A direct comparison is needed between the academic outcomes of public elementary school programs which implement the Montessori Method and those which implement a more traditional approach to early childhood education. The focus of this study is the academic achievement outcomes of Montessori public school students as compared to similar non-Montessori students. The Montessori students’ Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS) Total Reading and Total Math scores in grades one and two were not statistically different than their non-Montessori counterparts. In grade three, the Montessori students’ Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) Reading and Math scores were not statistically different than those of the non-Montessori students. In grades four and five, the TAKS Reading and Math scores statistically favored Montessori students.

Language: English

ISSN: 2227-1090, 1991-8100

Doctoral Dissertation

How Social Emotional Development Skills Gained in High Quality Public School Prekindergarten Impact Kindergarten Academic Readiness

Available from: East Tennessee State University

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Abstract/Notes: Longitudinal research has demonstrated that children’s emotional and social skills are linked to their early academic achievement (Wentzel & Asher, 1995). Children who have difficulty paying attention, following directions, getting along with others, and controlling negative emotions like anger and distress do not do as well in school (Arnokl et al., 1999; McClelland et al., 2000). Academic achievement in the early years of schooling appears to be built on a firm foundation of children’s social emotional skills (Ladd, Kochenderfer, & Coleman, 1997; O’Neil et al., 1997). Higher quality prekindergarten programs are associated with the early years of schooling and more positive academic outcomes in children (Burchinal et al., 2000). Investments in early childhood programs by state and federal governments have been made with a goal of improving school readiness for low income children. These investments are based on findings that show a link between program quality and children’s academic outcomes. Studies of model programs show that intensive early childhood services can improve children’s cognitive, 2 academic, and social skills with gains maintained into adulthood (Burchinal, Kainz, & Cai, in press). The purpose of this study was to create knowledge that indicates the influence of the social emotional skills children gain by completing prekindergarten. Schools in Sevier County, Tennessee that have prekindergarten classrooms in place were chosen for this study because kindergarten is the next experience children will have after pre-k. Kindergarten teachers in the schools chosen were purposefully selected as participants. Kindergarten teachers have the opportunity to make comparisons of differences in academic readiness of students who have completed prekindergarten and the students who have not been in a school environment. Kindergarten teachers may be able to conclude from classroom observation of the 2 groups if there is a difference in academic readiness. Home environments with strong parental involvement were most kindergarten teachers’ first choice for early learning and kindergarten preparation. Teachers realization that a strong home environment is not available to all children encouraged them to appreciate having a high quality public school prekindergarten as an alternative. Kindergarten teachers overall perceptions about the readiness of children who enter their classroom after completing prekindergarten were positive.

Language: English

Published: Johnson City, Tennessee, 2013

Report

Reading and Math Achievement for African American Lower Elementary Students in Public Montessori Programs

Available from: National Center for Montessori in the Public Sector (NCMPS)

Academic achievement, African American community, African Americans, Americas, Arithmetic - Achievement, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Lower elementary, Mathematics - Achievement, Montessori method of education, North America, Public Montessori

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Abstract/Notes: As Montessori programs in public schools expand, Montessori education is becoming available to a more diverse population of American students than ever before. Students of color have a significant presence in public Montessori schools; over a quarter of students in whole-school public Montessori programs are African American. As these programs grow, researchers have increasingly directed their attention to demonstrating that Montessori works in public schools; however, few studies have examined outcomes for African American students at the lower elementary level, when critical reading and math skills are being established. This study sought to answer the question, how effectively does Montessori instruction promote achievement for African American third grade students in reading and math, compared to similar traditional schools and other public school choice programs?

Language: English

Published: Washington, D.C., 2016

Conference Paper

The Effects of Kentucky's Primary Program on Three Measures of Academic Achievement

Available from: ERIC

Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Seattle, Washington, April 10-14, 2001)

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Abstract/Notes: In Kentucky, nongraded primary education became a reality under the mandate of the Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA) in 1990. Research has produced some anecdotal information on the degree to which schools have implemented the ungraded primary program, but there has been no research to link the implementation of the primary program to student achievement or school improvement. Under the regulations growing from the KERA, schools devised different organizational arrangements for the ungraded classrooms, characterized by developmentally appropriate practices and multi-age, multi-ability classrooms. The variance in how students were configured in the multi-age classrooms continued to be a source of conflict and discussion regarding the nongraded primary school program. This study examined the relationship, if any, between the degree of implementation of the primary program and three measures of student achievement: (1) the Kentucky Instructional Results Information System (KIRIS)

Language: English

Master's Thesis

Nekatere značilnosti pouka matematike po pedagoških načelih pedagogike Montessori [Some Characteristics of Mathematics Instruction According to Pedagogical Principles of Montessori Pedagogy]

Available from: Digital Library of the University of Maribor (DKUM)

Mathematics education, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: V magistrskem delu analiziramo nekatere značilnosti pouka matematike po pedagoških načelih pedagogike Montessori in predstavimo, kakšen odnos imajo učenci osnovne šole Montessori do pouka matematike. Magistrsko delo je razčlenjeno na teoretični in empirični del. V teoretičnem delu najprej predstavimo Mario Montessori, ki je z opazovanjem otrok začela spreminjati pogled na vzgojo, šolo in učenje ter razvila novo metodo poučevanja, metodo Montessorijeve. Spoznamo se z omenjeno metodo, s principi, ki so temeljni za vzgojo po metodi Montessori, spoznamo temelje pedagogike Montessori, kjer so otrok, odrasli in okolje med seboj enakovredno povezani. V nadaljevanju predstavimo delovanje osnovne šole Montessori. Posebno pozornost namenimo pedagogiki Montessori pri matematiki in primerjamo učna načrta javne osnovne šole in osnovne šole Montessori ter predstavimo razvojne materiale s področja matematike na predšolski stopnji, 1. in 2. triadi. Zadnji del teoretičnega dela namenimo predstavitvi nekaterih prednosti in omejitev pedagogike Montessori in iščemo podobnosti in razlike med konstruktivističnim načinom poučevanja z načinom poučevanja po metodi Montessori. V empiričnem delu analiziramo in interpretiramo rezultate opazovanja pouka, ki je bilo izvedeno med učenci druge in tretje triade (od četrtega do devetega razreda) osnovne šole Montessori. Zanimale so nas aktivnosti učitelja v splošnem in posebej med samostojnim delom učencev, aktivnosti učencev v splošnem in posebej med njihovim samostojnim delom, v kolikšni meri je prisotno medvrstniško učenje in kakšen je odnos učencev do pouka matematike. [The aims of the master’s thesis were to analyse some of the characteristics of mathematics education according to the pedagogical principles of Montessori pedagogy and present the attitude of Montessori elementary school students towards mathematics lessons. In the theoretical part, Maria Montessori, the person who developed a new teaching method – the Montessori method, was presented. Furthermore, the Montessori method, the fundamental principles of Montessori education and the foundations of Montessori pedagogy were presented. Next, the functioning of Montessori elementary school. A great attention was given to Montessori pedagogy in mathematics. The curriculums of public elementary school and Montessori elementary school were compared. Moreover, the Montessori mathematics materials at pre-elementary level, first triad and second triad were presented. In the final section of the theoretical part, some of the advantages and disadvantages of Montessori pedagogy were presented, as well as the similarities and differences between the constructivist teaching method and the Montessori method. In the empirical part, the results of the observed lesson that had been carried out among students of the second and third triad (from fourth to ninth grade) of Montessori elementary school were analysed and interpreted. The aims of the observation were to determine the teachers’ and students’ activities in general and during the students’ independent work, as well as the presence of peer learning. The research also focused on the attitude of students towards mathematics lessons.]

Language: Slovenian

Published: Maribor, Slovenia, 2018

Report

The Effects of Multiage Grouping on Achievement and Self-Concept

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Abstract/Notes: The effects of multi-age grouping on achievement and self-concept were studied. The achievement variables examined were reading and mathematics achievement as measured by the Stanford Achievement Tests. The Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale was used to measure self-concept. The groups studied consisted of single-age and multi-age classrooms of children in grades one through five. No significant differences were found between children in multi-age and single-age classrooms on any of the achievement measures. The multi-age classrooms had significantly higher mean scores on one of the six factors in the self-concept scale--happiness and satisfaction. The multi-age classrooms had slightly but consistently higher mean scores on the other five factor scores and on the total self-concept score but the differences were not significant. (Author)

Language: English

Published: Cortland, New York, Apr 1979

Article

Achievement and Self-Concept in Multiage Classrooms

Publication: Educational Research Quarterly, vol. 6, no. 2

Pages: 69-75

Academic achievement, Americas, Comparative education, Elementary education, Language arts, Mathematics education - Achievement, Nongraded schools, North America, Reading - Academic achievement, Self-perception, United States of America, ⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: Effects of multiage grouping on achievement and self-concept were explored. No significant differences were found between children in multiage and single-age classrooms on any of the achievement measures. Multiage classrooms had higher mean scores on one of the six factors of the self-concept scale, Happiness and Satisfaction.

Language: English

ISSN: 0196-5042

Article

School Environment and Methods of Teaching as Correlates of Language Skills Achievement of Pre–Primary School Pupils in Edo State Nigeria

Available from: Asian Institute of Research

Publication: Education Quarterly Reviews, vol. 4, no. 3

Pages: 243-251

Africa, Comparative education, Montessori method of education, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa, West Africa

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Abstract/Notes: The study investigated the effects of school environment and methods of teaching on language skills achievement of pre – primary school pupils in Edo State. It also investigated the interaction effects of Montessori and played methods and urban and rural environments on pupils' achievement in listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. Three urban and three rural areas which were selected from two Local Government Areas (LGAs) were used for the study. Six pre - primary schools were purposively selected for the study. A total of 228 kindergartens 2 pupils intact classes were used for the study which lasted for eight weeks. The study was a pretest, posttest, quasi- experimental control group design with independent variables as methods and school location while achievement in Language Skills Achievement Test (LSAT) was the dependent variable. Descriptive statistics and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) were used to analyze the data obtained while the Multiple Classification Analysis (MCA) was used as post-hoc test for further significance. Three research questions were answered with three hypotheses, tested at 0.05 level of significance. Results showed that the Montessori Method of teaching pre –primary pupils was more effective than the play method. Similarly, urban school pupils achieved higher than their rural counterparts. There was also a significant interaction effect of methods and school location on pupils' academic achievement in Language skills. It was therefore recommended that the Nigerian Government should adopt the Montessori Method as a dominant method of teaching pre – primary school pupils and that pre – primary school owners should provide materials adequately for teaching and learning.

Language: English

DOI: 10.31014/aior.1993.04.03.335

ISSN: 2621-5799, 2657-215X

Article

A Comparison of Reading and Math Achievement for African American Third Grade Students in Montessori and Other Magnet Schools

Available from: JSTOR

Publication: Journal of Negro Education, vol. 86, no. 4

Pages: 439-448

Academic achievement, African American community, African Americans, Americas, Comparative education, Lower elementary, Mathematics - Academic achievement, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, North America, Reading - Academic achievement, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori programs are expanding in public schools, serving a large proportion of African American students. Although recent Montessori research has focused on diverse public school populations, few studies have examined outcomes for African American students at the lower elementary level. This quasi-experimental study compares reading and math achievement for African American third grade students in public Montessori and other magnet schools in a large, urban district in North Carolina. Scores from end-of-grade state tests of reading and math are compared using a multivariate analysis of covariance. No significant difference in math scores was identified, but students in Montessori schools scored significantly higher in reading. This suggests that Montessori lower elementary instruction may be beneficial for African American students.

Language: English

DOI: 10.7709/jnegroeducation.86.4.0439

ISSN: 0022-2984

Article

Una Experiencia Didáctica a Través del Ambiente Montessori en la Enseñanza de la Matemática / A Didactic Experience Through the Montessori Environment in the Teaching of Mathematics

Available from: Red Iberoamericana de Pedagogía (REDIPE)

Publication: Revista Boletín Redipe, vol. 10, no. 11

Pages: 198-215

Mathematics education, Montessori materials, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: En didáctica de la matemática se ha realizado diversos estudios que buscan mejorar el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje; un sistema escolar alternativo como el método Montessori, tiene sólidos resultados socioemocionales y académicos en los niños, prácticamente no ha cambiado en más de un siglo, puede aplicarse en todos los años de la educación primaria y secundaria. La presente investigación tuvo como objetivo general implementar el Ambiente Montessori para el aprendizaje de cuerpos tridimensionales. Se enmarcó en una metodología cuantitativa. La muestra fue de 9 estudiantes y el instrumento fue una encuesta de satisfacción estudiantil. En los resultados más relevantes se observó que según una categoría de Sobresaliente el entorno cumple con las características del ambiente Montessori, de igual forma los materiales para el aprendizaje de cuerpos tridimensionales. En conclusión, el ambiente Montessori mejoró el rendimiento académico de los estudiantes, esto en contradicción con algunas investigaciones que ven al sistema como formador de un ser asocial, el mismo permite fortalecer relaciones interpersonales y con la naturaleza. / In didactics of mathematics, various studies have been carried in order to improve the teaching-learning process; an alternative school system such as the Montessori method, it has strong socio-emotional and academic results in children, it has not changed for more than a century practically, it can be applied in all years of primary and secondary education. The present investigation has as general objective to implement the Montessori Environment for the learning of three-dimensional bodies. It was supported in a quantitative methodology. The sample was constituted by nine students and the instruments were a participant observation sheet and a student satisfaction survey. In the most relevant results, it was observed according to a category of Outstanding, the environment complies with the characteristics of the Montessori environment, in the same way the materials for learning three-dimensional bodies. In conclusion, the Montessori environment improved the academic performance of the students, this research is in contradiction with some investigations that see the system as a trainer of an asocial human being, it allows to strengthen interpersonal relationships and with nature.

Language: English

DOI: 10.36260/rbr.v10i11.1527

ISSN: 2256-1536

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