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Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Formare il «nuovo Maestro» secondo Maria Montessori / Formar al «nuevo Maestro» según Maria Montessori / Training the «new Teacher» according to Maria Montessori

Available from: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

Publication: RELAdEI (Revista Latinoamericana de Educación Infantil), vol. 5, no. 4

Pages: 78-91

Hélène Lubienska de Lenval - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Teacher training, Montessori method of education - Teacher training, Montessori method of education - Teachers, Teacher training

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Abstract/Notes: È noto quanto Maria Montessori fosse esigente nei confronti del maestro. In questo articolo si presenta la sua visione delle caratteristiche che devono animare il «nuovo Maestro» per consentire «al bambino nuovo» di potersi sviluppare in modo armonioso ed equilibrato. Dato che la peculiarità della pedagogia montessoriana è cambiare la modalità relazionale tra l’adulto e il bambino, sono messi in risalto alcuni aspetti concreti e universali condivisibili da tutti gli insegnanti. Questi possono essere applicati ovunque e possono anche facilitare la didattica, anche senza applicare tutto il Metodo Montessori, giacché l’autoeducazione del bambino è legata all’autodisciplina dell’adulto. Per formare i maestri Maria Montessori aveva scelto di organizzare i Corsi internazionali di formazione che duravano diversi mesi. Per chiarire gli elementi essenziali, vengono studiate le conferenze riguardo al nuovo maestro pronunciate durante questi corsi. Da esse vengono ricavati i tre livelli di formazione: materiale, scientifica e spirituale. Alcuni aspetti imprescindibili vengono più approfonditi, quali lo spogliarsi dei preconcetti, il cambiare le attitudini morali e l’essere un’osservatore gioioso, aspetti che la Montessori considerava essenziali per risolvere il problema dell’educazione. Basandosi anche su alcuni racconti di allieve, sono proposte alcune modalità scelte da Hélène Lubienska de Lenval durante il suo Cours Pédagogique, e sono presentate alcune scelte pedagogiche di Adele Costa Gnocchi, che aprirà la Scuola Assistenti all’Infanzia dove saranno approfondite le intuizioni della Montessori per il bambino piccolo fino a tre anni. / Es conocido lo exigente que Maria Montessori ha sido en relación a los maestros. En este artículo se presenta su visión de las características que debería poseer el “nuevo maestro” para permitir al “nuevo niño” desarrollarse de manera armoniosa y equilibrada. Considerando que la finalidad de la pedagogía montessoriana es cambiar la modalidad de interacción entre el adulto y el niño, se pueden destacar algunos aspectos concretos y universales que puedan compartir por todos los maestros. Sin necesidad de aplicar completamente el Método Montessori, estos elementos pueden ser útiles en todo tipo de circunstancia y facilitar la didáctica, puesto che la autoeducación del niño depende de la autodisciplina del adulto. Para formar a los maestros, Maria Montessori decidió organizar los cursos internacionales de formación con una duración de varios meses. Para aclarar los aspectos esenciales, en este artículo se toman en consideración las conferencias relativas al “nuevo maestro” que se pronunciaron en estos cursos. A partir de ellas se pueden derivar los tres niveles de formación: material, científica y espiritual. Se profundiza sobre algunos aspectos fundamentales como liberarse de los prejuicios, cambiar la actitud moral y ser un alegre y atento observador, aspectos que Maria Montessori consideraba primordiales para resolver el problema de la educación. Basándose en algunos relatos de sus alumnas, también se exponen algunas modalidades adoptadas por Hélène Lubienska de Lenval presentadas durante su Cours Pédagogique y además se presentan algunas opciones pedagógicas de Adele Costa Gnocchi, que abrirá la Escuela de Asistentes de la Infancia donde se estudiará a profundidad la visión de Maria Montessori para el niño pequeño, hasta los tres años de edad. / It is well known how much Maria Montessori demanded of teachers. This article presents her vision of the characteristics which should animate the “new teacher” in order to allow the development of the “new child” in a harmonious and balanced manner. Given that the goal of the Montessori pedagogy is to change the manner of relating between adult and child, some concrete and universal characteristics are highlighted which are common to all teachers. Even without applying the entire Montessori methodology, these elements can be useful in all circumstances and can facilitate teaching, given that the self education of the child is linked to the self discipline of the adult. To train teachers, Maria Montessori chose to organize international training courses lasting several months. To clarify the essential elements, the conferences regarding the topic of the new teacher during these training courses are presented here. These elements are divided into three levels of training: the material level, the scientific level, and the spiritual level. Some essential aspects are covered in depth, such as the denuding of preconceptions; changing of moral attitudes; being a joyful observer; all approaches that Maria Montessori considered essential to solve the problem of education. Finally, on the basis of stories of students, there are presented some methods chosen by Helene Lubienska de Lenval taken from her Cours Pedagogique, and some pedagogical methods taken from Adele Costa Gnocchi, who will open the Scuola Assistenti all’Infanzia, where they will delve deeper into Montessori insights regarding the small child up to three years of age.

Language: Italian

ISSN: 2255-0666

Book

Montessori incontra... Intrecci pedagogici tra scuola montessoriana e didattiche non tradizionali / Montessori meets... Pedagogical interweaving between Montessori school and non-traditional teaching

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Abstract/Notes: E se Maria Montessori fosse vissuta ancora nei decenni passati dalla sua morte a oggi? Avrebbe verosimilmente incontrato don Milani, Mario Lodi, Rodari, Bortolato, Malaguzzi, Rosenberg, la Pedagogia del bosco, l’Apprendimento cooperativo, l’Educazione diffusa, le Scuole Senza Zaino. E, viceversa, senza Maria Montessori, quante di queste esperienze non sarebbero ciò che sono? In dieci diversi dialoghi viene proposto in questo volume un dizionario pedagogico di incontri e di temi significativi, fraternità pedagogiche evidenti e suggestive. Sono incontri che Montessori non ha mai vissuto personalmente, ma che possiamo provare a immaginare trasformandoli non solo in riflessione educativa e didattica ma anche in pratica quotidiana. Percorsi possibili di apprendimento e di sviluppo, spunti operativi per raccontare come l’incontro pedagogico possa essere declinato nel fare scuola, affidato alla professionalità di docenti che, appassionati al metodo Montessori, abbiano il desiderio e la capacità di farlo vivere nel presente, senza timore che la contaminazione possa voler dire snaturare l’essenza e il valore del metodo.

Language: Italian

Published: Trento, Italy: Erickson, 2018

ISBN: 978-88-590-1642-7

Article

M. Montessori no gainen" Concentration" ni kansuru shōron / M. Montessori の概念"Concentration"に関する小論 [An Essay on Maria Montessori's Concept of "Concentration"]

Available from: National Diet Library (Japan)

Publication: Nihon hoiku gakkai taikai kenkyū happyō ronbun shōroku / 日本保育学会大会研究発表論文抄録 [Abstracts of papers presented at the Annual Meeting of the Japan Society of Early Childhood Education], no. 26

Pages: Article 1-102 (2 pages)

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Language: Japanese

Doctoral Dissertation

An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Korean Montessori Teacher Training Program as Perceived by Montessori Teachers and Parents of Montessori-Educated Children

Available from: ProQuest - Dissertations and Theses

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Abstract/Notes: During the past ten years, a total of 3,642 teachers and administrators have attended the Korean Montessori Teacher Training Program (KMTTP). A sample of Montessori teachers (n = 261) and Korean parents (n = 375) from 32 Korean Montessori schools located in the major cities of Korea were surveyed in order to evaluate the effectiveness of this teacher preparation program. The EXPECTATIONS AND GOAL ATTAINMENT QUESTIONNAIRE (EGAQ), designed by the researcher, was the instrumentation used to conduct this study. Major findings demonstrated that 74.5 percent of the teachers surveyed indicated that their main reasons for attending the KMTTP were to increase their professional competency and their knowledge of child development through Montessori philosophy. The correlation between teachers' levels of satisfaction with their preparation and perceived effectiveness of the training program was higher (r =.29, p $<$.05) than between their levels of satisfaction with the program and their perceptions of their preparedness after completion of training (r =.18, p $<$.05). Significant differences existed between perceived effectiveness of the KMTTP and teachers' ages, positions, and years of experience. Older teachers and those with more advanced teaching positions expressed greater satisfaction with the program. Teachers indicated that, upon completion of the KMTTP, they felt more prepared in, than knowledgeable of, Montessori educational methodology. From the parent perspective, the most frequently cited reason (74.3%) for sending their child to a Montessori School was to provide a learning environment that nurtured their child's interpersonal growth. A majority of the parents (58.5%) were very satisfied with the Montessori experience; no parents were dissatisfied or very dissatisfied. In correlating the effectiveness of Montessori education with specific outcomes, parents indicated highest levels of satisfaction in the areas of "concentration" and "academic achievement." A majority of the teachers surveyed (52.8%) encouraged the implementation of the Montessori Teacher Training Program in neighboring countries, with 42.1 percent strongly encouraging implementation. This study demonstrated the need for further development and improvement in the area of Montessori teacher training in Korea.

Language: English

Published: San Francisco, California, 1994

Article

Back Door Montessori: In Corpus Christi [Texas], the Montessori Program Was a Success Before Outsiders Knew It Was a Montessori Program

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 9, no. 1

Pages: 1, 22-23

Public Montessori

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Book

The Montessori Index: Compiled From the Books of Maria Montessori and Authors of Books Related to the Montessori Method of Education

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Language: English

Published: Chicago, Ill.: Virginia B. Fleege, 1987

Article

Maria Montessori. The Montessori Method, the Montessori Elementary Material and Spontaneous Activity in Education [Book Review]

Publication: The Month (London), vol. 33, no. 1

Pages: 189

Book reviews

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Language: English

ISSN: 0027-0172

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Sprawozdanie z konferencji "Metoda Montessori Senior – Montessori Lifestyle® w praktyce”, Warszawa, 15–16 czerwca 2019 roku [Report from the conference "Montessori Senior Method - Montessori Lifestyle® in practice", Warsaw, June 15-16, 2019]

Available from: Central and Eastern European Online Library

Publication: Psychologia Rozwojowa, vol. 24, no. 3

Pages: 99-101

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Language: Polish

ISSN: 1895-6297

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

La pedagogía de Montessori y la formación de profesores. La importancia de la teoría / Montessori Pedagogy and Teacher Training. Nothing so Practical as a Good Theory / Pedagogia Montessori e Formação de Professores. Nada tão prático quanto uma boa teoria

Available from: Universidad Pedagogica Nacional (Colombia)

Publication: Pedagogía y Saberes, no. 58

Pages: 59-72

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Abstract/Notes: This article reflects how to know about Montessori pedagogy and the process she followed to build it, can help future teachers to be reflective and innovative. The aim is not to suggest that student teachers should know the pedagogy of Montessori, nor that of any specific pedagogue, and to put it into practice or imitate it, without further ado. Educational literature agrees that an educational system will be as good as its teachers, and they will not be able to improve education if they simply apply methods designed by others in an uncritical and decontextualized way. After describing how Montessori came to propose her method and establish her pedagogical principles, the importance of linking theory and practice in the initial and permanent training of future teachers is underlined.

Language: Spanish

DOI: 10.17227/pys.num58-17194

ISSN: 2500-6436, 0121-2494

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori per i piccoli da 0 a 3 anni / Montessori para niños de 0 a 3 años / Montessori for babies from 0 to 3 years

Available from: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

Publication: RELAdEI (Revista Latinoamericana de Educación Infantil), vol. 3, no. 3

Pages: 67-73

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Abstract/Notes: En el movimiento Montessori hay un área específica en el niño y la primera infancia, que en sus orígenes y en su investigación es poco conocido incluso en el interior. La más pequeña, la palabra-no (los bebés, de hecho) están en todas partes infravalorados. Es difícil de morir el prejuicio de que son poco más que un tracto digestivo o una fuente de incomodidad, de caprichos incomprensibles y exige que los padres modernos son cada vez menos dispuestos a cumplir. Montessori lugar ya a principios del siglo XX se ha puesto de manifiesto la riqueza de los recién nacidos, y el extraordinario potencial de auto-propietaria, la recepción sensorial aguda, no postergar la necesidad de estabilidad, continuidad en los informes y los ritmos diarios: ternura y calma, calidez y capacidad de agarrar, señalando con respecto a sus reacciones, necesidades que a menudo, aunque similar a otros compañeros, se revela como absolutamente personal.

Language: Italian

ISSN: 2255-0666

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