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Education in Preschool Educational Organizations-the Importance of Using the Maria Montessori Method in the Process of Education
Available from: IndianJournals
Publication: ACADEMICIA: An International Multidisciplinary Research Journal, vol. 11, no. 4
Date: Apr 2021
Abstract/Notes: Modern educational space is "impregnated" with ideas of humanization and personality-oriented concept. In this regard, it becomes necessary to study and understand the potential of those pedagogical systems and techniques of a personal orientation that have taken their solid place in the educational space, having proved their importance, efficiency and productivity. One of the most striking representatives of ideas with a humanistic focus is the Italian teacher, psychologist, founder of the method of scientific pedagogy M. Montessori. The article discusses the positive and negative aspects of the developing method of M. Montessori.
Montessori Preschool Education: 유아교육에 관하여 [Montessori Preschool Education: About Early Childhood Education]
Available from: RISS
Publication: 人間理解 / Journal of Human Understanding and Counseling, vol. 3
ISSN: 2005-0860, 2671-5821
Une éducation pour une ère nouvelle: le congrès international d’éducation de Calais (1921) [Education for a new era: the international congress of education in Calais (1921)]
Available from: CAIRN
Publication: Les Études Sociales, vol. 163, no. 1
Abstract/Notes: Renouant avec les pratiques d’échanges intellectuels d’avant 1914, des spécialistes de l’éducation d’une quinzaine de pays, appartenant à l’enseignement public comme au secteur privé, tiennent un congrès original, durant deux semaines, à Calais. Au-delà du thème qui les rassemble, « l’expression créatrice de l’enfant », éducateurs théosophes, pédologues et psychologues de l’enfant, praticiens des écoles nouvelles et représentants de l’institution scolaire débattent d’une conception de l’éducation pertinente pour l’ère nouvelle de l’humanité qu’ils appellent de leurs vœux. Conscients d’ouvrir un chantier immense, les personnalités majeures du rassemblement calaisien (B. Ensor, O. Decroly, A. Ferrière) mettent à profit le congrès pour fonder une organisation durable qui poursuivra la réflexion : la Ligue internationale pour l’éducation nouvelle. [Reviving the practices of intellectual exchange that began before 1914, education specialists from some fifteen countries, belonging to public and private school organizations, gathered for an original congress held over two weeks in Calais. Beyond the matter that brought them together, dedicated to “the creative expression of children,” educators, theosophists, pedologists and child psychologists, practitioners of New Education and school officials, discussed what could be the significant educational concepts for the new age of humanity they expected. Conscious of launching a huge project, the prominent personalities of the Calais gathering (Béatrice Ensor, Ovide Decroly, and Adolphe Ferrière) built on that project to create a sustainable organization that could carry on discussions: The New Education Fellowship.]
The Comparison of the Intuitive Mathematic Skills of Preschool Children Who Take Education According to Ministry of National Education Preschool Education Program and Montessori Approach
Available from: IISTE - International Knowledge Sharing Platform
Publication: International Journal of Scientific and Technological Research, vol. 6, no. 6
Abstract/Notes: This study analyzed intuitive mathematics abilities of preschool children and to ascertain whether there was a difference between children who were educated according to the Ministry of National Education (MoNE) preschool education program and the Montessori approach. It was also examined whether the intuitive mathematics abilities of the children who were educated according to the MoNE program and Montessori approach showed a significant difference according to variables of gender, duration of pre-school education, and educational levels of parents. The study sample of the study consisted of 121 children (56 girls, 65 boys) aged between 60-72 months. The data was collected via “Personal Information Form” and “Intuitive Mathematics Ability Scale” developed by Güven (2001). Intuitive mathematical abilities of children who were educated according to the Montessori program were more developed compared to those of children educated according to MoNE program. There was no significant difference in intuitive mathematical abilities according to duration of preschool education, education levels of parents. As a result of the study, a significant difference was observed in the intuitive math abilities of the children trained according to the MoNE program in favor of the girls, whereas no significant difference was observed trained according to the Montessori approach. The results are discussed in light of the relevant literature.
A New Education for a New Era: The Contribution of the Conferences of the New Education Fellowship to the Disciplinary Field of Education 1921–1938
Available from: Taylor and Francis Online
Publication: Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, vol. 40, no. 5-6
Abstract/Notes: This article examines the role played by the conferences of the New Education Fellowship (NEF) in the emerging disciplinary field of the sciences of education between the two world wars. As Fuchs points out in an article in the present issue, the field of education at this time was being internationalized, and, being an international movement, the field impacted on by the NEF was international in scope.1 As will be seen, the ideas and practices of the new education were mediated by national cultural differences and thus their impact on the disciplinary field varied from nation to nation.2 In addition, the development of the field in terms of journals, conferences and its institutionalization within nations was uneven, which presents further difficulties when trying to evaluate the impact of the NEF's conferences. Much of the following discussion focuses on their impact on the disciplinary field in England though, as will be seen, not exclusively so. One of the distinguishing features of the NEF other than its international scope was that it was a movement that connected lay enthusiasts for the educational reforms associated with the new education with major figures in the developing disciplines of psychology and education, such as Carl Gustav Jung, Jean Piaget and John Dewey. The relation between these lay and professional constituencies is examined and conclusions drawn regarding the professionalizing process in the field and the impact of the conferences on educational research and its institutionalization.
ISSN: 0030-9230, 1477-674X
Achieving Inclusive Education in Early Childhood: From the Viewpoint of an Affinity Between Inclusive Education and Montessori Education
Publication: Montessori Kyōiku / モンテッソーリ教育 [Montessori Education], no. 49
Abstract/Notes: This is an article from Montessori Education, a Japanese language periodical published by the Japan Association Montessori.
Penerapan Metode Montessori Menggunakan Media Flashcard Sebagai Upaya Meningkatkan Kemampuan Membaca Awal Anak Usia Dini / Application of the Montessori Method Using Flashcard Media as an Effort to Improve Early Childhood Reading Ability
Available from: Pengelola Jurnal: Yayasan Pendidikan Tanggui Baimbaian
Publication: EduCurio: Education Curiosity, vol. 1, no. 3
Date: Jul 2023
Abstract/Notes: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menguji secara empiris perkembangan kemampuan membaca awal anak usia dini kelompok A RA Tunas Mulia Dua Malang. Jumlah subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah putra dan putri kelompok A yang berjumlah 11 orang. Pengumpulan data melalui observasi, wawancara, dan pre-test dan post-test. Hipotesis diuji menggunakan uji –t untuk melihat perbedaan kemampuan sebelum dan sesudah diberikan flashcard flashcards, Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pendekatan Montessori flash playing cards memprediksi peningkatan kemampuan membaca awal anak kru A RA Tunas Mulia 2 Malang. Kontribusi signifikan kelompok eksperimen sebesar 4,37 dan kontribusi kelompok kontrol sebesar 0,64 terhadap peningkatan kemampuan membaca anak RA Tunas Mulia 2 Malang.
ISSN: 2963-0339, 2984-6146
Il metodo Montessori nei contesti multiculturali. Esperienze e buone pratiche dalla scuola dell'infanzia all'età adulta / The Montessori method in multicultural contexts: Experiences and best practices from kindergarten to adulthood
Abstract/Notes: When Maria Montessori developed her own method, the question of the reception and education of migrant children did not yet arise. Can a Montessori school today give an answer to questions that had not yet been formulated at the time of the Chiaravalle pedagogist? This volume discusses the theme and, starting from the analysis of the principles on which the first Children's Home was founded, bears witness to how the Montessori method can be applied profitably in multi-ethnic classes, from nursery to primary school, and in teaching practice of Italian as L2 for adults with even very distant linguistic backgrounds, including cases of illiteracy. In addition to recounting the concrete experiences of teachers who have worked in multicultural contexts (in Italy, but also in Africa), the author helps to understand the contours of the phenomenon by reporting updated data on the percentage of students of foreign origin in our schools, their origin, the prediction of success and school dropout. A valid contribution on a theoretical and operational level for teachers of method schools and traditional ones and for cultural mediators and operators
Published: Trento, Italy: Erickson, 2020
5-6 yaş çocukların matematik becerilerinin geliştirilmesinde Montessori eğitim programının etkisi [The effect of Montessori method of education on the development of mathematics skills in 5-6 year old children]
Available from: Ulusal Tez Merkezi / National Thesis Center (Turkey)
Abstract/Notes: Instead of showing mathematics as a lesson Montessori helps children to see the mathematics that it is the most essential part of life. Generally, in our country people have prejudice about the mathematics that it is very difficult and it cannot be learned easily. The reason of this prejudice is teaching mathematisc with abstract examples. Montessori, teaches mathematics by using concrete materials. The aim of this study is, to evaluate the effects of Montessori program in teaching mathematic to 5 and 6 year old children. Hence, of the 40 preschool participants of this research 20 of them were going to school were Montessori method was utilized while not so at the school where the other 20 were going. The interview form composed by the researcher and the data analysed with Nvivo program. / Montessori, matematiği çocukların hayatına bir ders olarak sunmayıp, daha çok hayatı basitleştiren bir bilgi, hayatın bir parçası olarak sunmaktadır. Genel olarak ülkemizde matematik öğrenimine, çok zor olduğu, asla öğrenilemeyeceği şeklinde olumsuz bir ön yargı ile yaklaşılmaktadır. Bu yargının nedeni matematik öğrenim tarzının, genel olarak soyut uygulamalarla öğretilmeye çalışılmasından kaynaklanmaktadır. Montessori matematik eğitimi, yıllarca oynamaktan büyük bir haz duyduğu somut bazı materyalleri kullanarak verilmektedir. Araştırmanın amacı 5-6 yaş çocuklara Montessori matematik dersinin öğretilmesinde Montessori eğitim programının etkisini değerlendirmektir. Bu anlamda araştırmacı tarafından oluşturulan mülakat formu ile elde edilen veriler Nvivo programı ile analiz edilmiştir. Bu araştırmanın örneklemini Montessori eğitimi almış (deney) ve almamış (kontrol) 5-6 yaş arası 40 çocuktan oluşan gruplar oluşturmuştur.
Published: Istanbul, Turkey, 2019
Habilidades de resolução de problemas: desenvolvimento de uma medida e relações com o Método Montessori [Problem-solving: development of a measure and relations with the Montessori Method]
Available from: Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora - Institutional Repository
Americas, Brazil, Comparative education, Creative thinking in children, Critical thinking in children, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori method of education, Problem solving in children, South America
Abstract/Notes: Problemas dos mais simples aos mais complexos estão presentes no dia-a-dia das pessoas. Assim, diferentes áreas da Psicologia têm estudado os processos psicológicos relacionados à resolução de problema (RP), destacando-se a interface entre RP e processos educacionais. Embora as habilidades de RP sejam aspectos chave do processo educacional, há controvérsias sobre como promovê-las em ambiente escolar. O Método Montessori (MM) é uma das estratégias educacionais que têm como um de seus propósitos desenvolver essas habilidades em sala. Desse modo, esta Tese conduziu estudos com diferentes delineamentos – correlacional e quase experimental – com o objetivo de analisar se o MM promove habilidades gerais de RP. Devido à carência de instrumentos brasileiros que avaliam este construto, no primeiro capítulo é apresentado o processo de construção das Escalas de Resolução de Problema (ERP), incluindo elaboração de itens, grupos focais (N = 24) e análise por juízes (N = 23), bem como estudos (N = 767) para a obtenção de evidências de validade baseadas na estrutura interna e estimativas de fidedignidade para as ERP. Análises fatoriais confirmatórias evidenciaram que as ERP possuem duas escalas (Habilidades de Resolução de Problemas (HRP) e Orientação em Relação ao Problema (ORP)) com consistência interna satisfatória. As ERP foram utilizadas em um estudo (Capítulo 2) que teve como objetivo comparar as habilidades de RP de estudantes (N = 91) de escolas tradicionais e montessorianas, sendo que, no último caso, considerou-se a fidelidade de implementação (Montessori Clássico ou Montessori Suplementar), além de variáveis demográficas e educacionais. Não foram obtidas diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os alunos dos dois tipos de escolas pesquisadas. ORP não se associou às variáveis demográficas e educacionais investigadas e, ao classificar HRP em níveis (baixo, médio e alto), observou-se um escore mais elevado de alunas com níveis médios. Com o objetivo de analisar os efeitos de um processo de educação matemática baseado em princípios do MM no desenvolvimento de habilidades de RP, conduziu-se um quase experimento (Capítulo 3) com alunos de quarto e quinto anos do Ensino Fundamental (N = 18). Após serem subdivididos em Grupo Montessori (GM) e Grupo Ensino Tradicional (GET), eles participaram de um processo de educação matemática. As ERP foram aplicadas pré e pós-educação matemática. Foram observados ganhos tanto em HRP quanto em ORP, ainda que limitados, no GM. Todavia, GM e GET não 5 diferiram quanto ao desempenho em matemática. É possível afirmar que, apesar de outras pesquisas serem necessárias para obter mais evidências de validade e estimar sua fidedignidade, as ERP possuem propriedades psicométricas satisfatórias. Também há evidências de que o MM pode contribuir para o desenvolvimento de habilidades de RP. Porém, no último caso, também são necessárias mais evidências empíricas, especialmente aquelas obtidas em salas de aula e não em experimentos. Desenvolver as habilidades de RP dos discentes é fundamental, pois elas são essenciais tanto no processo de ensino-aprendizagem quanto na vida. [Problems, from simple to complex ones, are present in people's daily lives. The way each person responds to them is related to several psychological correlates, such as better psychological adjustment. Thus, different areas of Psychology have studied the psychological processes related to problem-solving (PS), emphasizing the interface between PS and educational processes. Even though PS skills are key aspects of the educational process, there are controversies about how to promote them in the school environment. The Montessori Method (MM) is one of the educational strategies that has as one of its purposes to develop these skills in the classroom. Thus, this thesis has conducted studies with different designs - correlational and quasi-experimental - with the objective of analyzing whether the MM promotes general PS skills. Due to the lack of Brazilian instruments that assess this construct, the first chapter presents the construction process of the Problem-Solving Scales (ERP), including the elaboration of items, focus groups (N = 24) and analysis by judges (N = 23), as well as studies (N = 767) to obtain evidence of validity based on internal structure and reliability estimates for ERP. Confirmatory factor analyzes showed that the ERP have two scales (Problem Resolution Skills (PSS) and Problem Orientation (PO)) with satisfactory internal consistency. The ERP were used in a study (Chapter 2) that aimed to compare the PS skills of students (N = 91) of traditional and montessorian schools and, in the latter case, implementation fidelity was considered (Classic Montessori or Supplemented Montessori). Associations were also made between these skills and demographic and educational variables. There were no statistically significant differences between the students of the two types of schools researched. PO was not associated to the demographic and educational variables investigated and when PSS was classified in levels (low, medium and high), a higher score of students with average levels was observed. In order to analyze the effects of a mathematical education process based on MM principles on the development of PS skills, a quasi-experiment (Chapter 3) was conducted with students of fourth and fifth grades of Elementary School (N = 18). After subdividing them into Montessori Group (MG) and Traditional Schooling Group (TSG), they participated in a process of mathematical education. The ERP were applied pre and post-mathematical education. There were gains in both PSS and PO, albeit limited, in 7 the MG. However, MG and TSG did not differ in mathematical performance. It is possible to state that, even though other studies are necessary to obtain more evidence of validity and to estimate its reliability, the ERP have satisfactory psychometric properties. There is also evidence that the MM can contribute to the development of PS skills. However, in the latter case, more empirical evidence is also needed, especially those obtained in classrooms rather than in experiments. Developing the PS skills of the students is fundamental, since they are essential both in the teaching-learning process and in life itself.]
Published: Juiz de Fora, Brazil, 2017