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Article

The Characteristics and Implications of Inclusive Education in German Montessori Elementary School / 독일 몬테소리(Maria Montessori) 초등학교에서의 통합교육 운영 특성과 시사점 탐색

Available from: RISS

Publication: 발달장애연구 / The Journal of the Korean Association on Developmental Disabilities, vol. 23, no. 4

Pages: 29-54

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this study is to find out the implications for the characteristics of inclusive education in Montessori Elementary Schools in Germany, affecting Korea's inclusive education. The research method was based on the data and information, collected by visiting the Montessori Schools in Germany, along with literature reviews, which is inclusive of data search on the Internet. Two major implications of this study are as follows: First, the most important and basic community spirit and the will to practice of Montessori Elementary Schools are thoroughly imprinted in school authorities, school members, and educational programs in integration education. Second, To realize the essential meaning of inclusive education, the proportion of students with disabilities in each school and class plays an important role. This means that students with disabilities should account for a certain percentage, not the proportion of very small number of students, regardless of schools or classes so as to prevent the isolation or stigma of students with disabilities. This is more effective than any other way in terms of the educational support of teachers. / 본 연구는 독일 몬테소리 초등학교에서의 통합교육 운영 특성을 바탕으로 우리나라 통합교육에 미치는 시사점을 찾아보는데 그 목적이 있다. 이에 연구방법으로는 인터넷 자료검색을 비롯하여 문헌연구와 더불어 독일의 관련 몬테소리학교를 방문하여 수집된 자료와 정보를 바탕으로 하였다. 본 연구를 통하여 도출된 두 가지 주요 시사점은 첫째, 몬테소리 초등학교는 통합교육에 있어서 가장 중요하고 기초적인 공동체 의식과 실천의지가 학교당국과 학교 구성원 및 교육프로그램에 철저하게 각인되어 있다는 점이다. 둘째, 통합교육의 본질적인 의미를 실현하기 위하여 각 학교 및 각 학급에서 장애학생이 차지하는 비율이 매우 중요함을 알 수 있다. 이는 학교차원이든 학급차원이든 장애학생들이 극히 소수가 아니라, 일정 비율을 차지하여야 장애학생의 고립이나 낙인효과를 예방할 수 있고, 교사들의 교육적 지원에서도 더 효과적이라는 것이다. 특히 통합학교나 통합학급에 일정비율의 장애학생 점유율은 통합교육이나 장애인에 대한 인식 개선, 행·재정적 지원, 교육프로그램, 특수교사 및 보조교사의 증원, 장애인 편의시설, 교사 간 협력 수업 등에 있어서 통합교육의 본질적인 목적인 교육 공동체의 실현을 위하여 매우 긍정적이고 실제적인 요소로 작용할 수 있다는 것이다.

Language: Korean

ISSN: 2288-4289

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Peningkatan Kemampuan Menyelesaikan Soal pembagian Kelas III Melalui Model pembelajaran Montessori Sd Negeri 025 Rambah Hilir [Increasing the Ability to Solve Class III Division Questions Through the Montessori Learning Model at Sd Negeri 025 Rambah Hilir]

Available from: Journal of Development Education and Learning (JODEL)

Publication: Journal of Development Education and Learning (JODEL), vol. 2, no. 1

Pages: 41-46

Asia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori schools, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian Tindakan kelas ini bertujuan untuk meningkatakan kemampuan menyelesaikan soal pembagian siswa yang masih rendah  dalam proses pembelajarnya matematika dikelas III SDN 025 Rambah Hilir. Berdasarkan pengamatan yang dilakukan penulis pada kelas III  rendahnya  kemampuan menyelesaikan soal pembagian, ditandai dengan belum terfokusnya siswa dengan kegiatan yang dilakukan dikelas. Adapun pelaksanaan untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar anak melalui perbaikan pada siklus 1 dan siklus 2 dengan melakukan desain prosedur perbaikan, pengamatan, teknik analisis data serta melakukan refleksi diri untuk pendidik. Hal ini dapat dilihat dari peningkatan hasil belajar peserta didik dari  siklus 1 sampai ke siklus 2. Pada tahap  siklus 1 dari 16 orang peserta didik 8 orang mendapat nilai dibawah KKM dengan persentase 60% dan 4 orang mendapat nilai di atas KKM dengan persentase 40%. Hal ini dapat dilihat rata – rata siswa adalah 70 dikarenakan siswa mendapat nilai diatas KKM sudah melebihi dari 75 % yaitu 12 siswa dan yang mendapatkan nilai dibawah KKM sebanyak 4 siswa dengan presentase 25 %. Nilai tertinggi 80 dan nilai terendah 60 data Dari hasil pengamatan pendidik, menunjukkan adanya peningkatan kemampuan anak dalam menggunakan metode Montessori.

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.31004/jodel.v2i1.49

ISSN: 3026-0124

Book Section

Montessori-Pädagogik [Montessori Pedagogy]

Available from: SpringerLink

Book Title: Handbuch Bildungsreform und Reformpädagogik

Pages: 273-285

Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori (1870-1952) hat ausgehend von einer entwicklungspsychologisch, soziologisch und anthropologisch orientierten Analyse von Kindheit und Jugend ein Schul- und Bildungssystem entworfen, das diesen Ergebnissen auf der Basis der von ihr entwickelten Arbeitsmaterialien folgt. Das Lernen geschieht in vier aufeinanderfolgenden Entwicklungsstufen von jeweils fünf bis sieben Jahren, mit denen aufeinanderfolgende Erziehungspläne korrespondieren: das Montessori-Kinderhaus, die Montessori-Grundschule, der "Erdkinderplan" und die Universität. [Maria Montessori (1870-1952) designed a school and education system based on an analysis of childhood and youth based on developmental psychology, sociology and anthropology, which follows these results on the basis of the working materials she developed. Learning takes place in four successive developmental stages of five to seven years each, with which successive educational plans correspond: the Montessori children's home, the Montessori elementary school, the "Erdkinderplan" and the university.]

Language: German

Published: Wiesbaden, Germany: Springer, 2018

ISBN: 978-3-658-07491-3

Article

Ein Tag in der Montessori-Schule [A day at the Montessori school]

Publication: Das Kind, no. 14

Pages: 63-69

Deutsche Montessori Gesellschaft e.V. - Periodicals, Europe, Germany, Western Europe

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Language: German

ISSN: 0949-2682

Book

Integration und Montessori-Pädagogik: Internationale Krimmler Montessori-Tage 1994, Symposium zum Thema Integration: die Vielfalt als Chance

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Language: German

Published: Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany: Herder, 1995

ISBN: 3-451-23876-4

Article

Amerika no montessōri kyōiku undō / アメリカのモンテッソーリ教育運動 [The Montessori Movement in America: The Work and the Contribution of Ms. Rambusch]

Publication: Montessori Kyōiku / モンテッソーリ教育 [Montessori Education], no. 28

Pages: 78-86

Americas, Montessori method of education - History, Montessori movement, Nancy McCormick Rambusch - Biographic sources, North America, United States of America

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Language: Japanese

ISSN: 0913-4220

Article

Montessori-Pädagogik [Montessori Pedagogy]

Publication: Pharus, vol. 19

Pages: 421-435

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Language: German

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Montessori terhadap Kemandirian Anak di TK Kids Republic Jakarta Timur [Application of the Montessori Learning Model to Children's Independence at Kids Republic Kindergarten, East Jakarta]

Available from: SELING: Jurnal Program Studi PGRA

Publication: SELING: Jurnal Program Studi PGRA, vol. 9, no. 1

Pages: 79-87

Asia, Australasia, Autonomy in children, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Indonesia, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Golden Age adalah masa keemasan bagi anak usia dini.  Pembelajaran Montessori di TK Kids Republic mempunyai tujuan penelitian untuk mengggambarkan pelaksanaan kemandirian. Penelitian analisis ini menggunakan metode, metode tersebut adalah metode yang digunakan agar mampu melihat perkembangan anak. Observasi dan wawancara merupakan teknik pengumpulan data. Dokumentasi    yang dilakukan oleh peneliti adalah foto-foto atau video kegiatan pembelajaran dan portofolio anak. Penelitian ini berjudul “Analisis Deskriptif Penerapan Pembelajaran Montessori Terhadap Kemandirian Anak di TK Kids Republic Jakarta Timur”. Untuk meningkatkan sikap kemandirian pada anak yaitu dengan metode pembelajaran Montessori dan hasil analisis data penelitian sebelumnya dapat disimpulkan  bahwa terjadi perkembangan yang signifikan terhadap diterapkannya metode pembelajaran Montessori. Anak mengalami perkembangan yang baik. Anak menjadi lebih mandiri  dan mampu mengerjakan hal yang sederhana sendiri. Seperti belajar mempelajari urutan dan keteraturan, belajar memakai sepatu sendiri, belajar mengancingkan baju sendiri, belajar makan sendiri dan mengambil sendiri bahan-bahan yang ada di rak atau meja.

Language: Indonesian

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29062/seling.v9i1.1514

ISSN: 2528-083X, 2540-8801

Article

Spiel und Arbeit: Fröbel und Montessori [Play and work: Froebel and Montessori]

Publication: Kindergarten, vol. 62

Pages: 117-121

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Language: German

Article

Shinpojiumu ippan-en de montessōri kyōiku ni manande kita mono -- keika naiyō kodomo no henka: Dai 2 shinpojisuto ippan-en de montessōri kyōiku ni manande kita mono / シンポジウム 一般園でモンテッソーリ教育に学んできたもの--経過・内容・子どもの変化: 第2シンポジスト 一般園でモンテッソーリ教育に学んできたもの / Symposium - What General Kindergartens have Learned from Montessori - Process, Content, Changing Children: 2nd Speaker, What I Learned at a General Kindergarten about Montessori

Publication: Montessori Kyōiku / モンテッソーリ教育 [Montessori Education], no. 35

Pages: 16-19

Asia, East Asia, Japan

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Abstract/Notes: This is an article from Montessori Education, a Japanese language periodical published by the Japan Association Montessori.

Language: Japanese

ISSN: 0913-4220

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