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Master's Thesis

Montessori materyallerinin zihin engelli ve işitme engelli çocukların alıcı dil gelişiminden görsel algı düzeyine etkisi [The effect of Montessori materials on the level of visual perception from receptive language development of developmentally disabled and hearing impaired children]

Available from: Selçuk University (Turkey)

Asia, Developmentally disabled children, Hearing impaired children, Language development, Middle East, Montessori materials, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Engelli çocukların gelişmesi ve iyi yönde ilerleme kaydetmesi, devam ettikleri okullarda almış oldukları eğitim hizmetinin niteliği ile yakından ilişkisi vardır. Engelli çocuklar, diğer normal çocuklar gibi yaşamlarını bağımsız olarak sürdürebilmeleri için günlük yaşamda gerekli bazı davranışları öğrenmeleri gerekir. Engelli çocuklar görerek ve dokunarak öğrendikleri için materyal öğretiminin önemli bir yeri ve eğitici bir etkisi vardır. Pedagojinin etkili temsilcilerinden M. Montessori bu gerçeği görerek engelli çocukların bazı davranışları kolaylıkla edinebilmeleri için farklı gelişim alanlarına yönelik çeşitli materyaller geliştirmiş ve engelli çocukların duyu organlarının eğitimine ağırlık vermiştir. Bu amaçla araştırmada Montessori-Materyallerinden 'geometrik cisimlerin' işitme engelli ve zihin engelli çocukların alıcı dil becerilerinden görsel algı düzeyleri üzerinde etkili olup olmadığı saptanmak istenmiştir. Araştırmanın evreni, Konya'daki KOMMES-İşitme ve Konuşma Özürlüler Rehabilitasyon Merkezine ve EMPATİ-Zihinsel Yetersiz Çocukları Yetiştirme ve Koruma Vakfı'na devam etmekte olan ve belirlenen ön koşul becerilerinin yerine getirebilen 20 işitme engelli (on çocuk kontrol grubu-10 çocuk deney grubu olmak üzere), 20'de zihin engelli (on çocuk kontrol grubu-10 çocuk deney grubu olmak üzere), toplam 40 öğrenciden oluşmaktadır. Araştırmada ön test son test kontrol gruplu model uygulanmıştır. Öğrencilerin alıcı dil becerilerinden görsel algı düzeyleri Dönmez ve arkadaşlarının (1997) dil gelişimi etkinlikleri çalışmasından yararlanılarak araştırmacı tarafından hazırlanan 5 maddelik ölçek ile ölçülmüştür. Bu maddeler; 1. tanıyabilme 2. ayırt edebilme 3. gruplayabilme 4. şekil seçme ve bulabilme 5. başka şekiller oluşturabilme Araştırmanın amacına göre ki-kare kullanılmış ve grupların ortalamaları arasındaki farklılıklar 't' testi ile yapılmıştır. Araştırma sonunda işitme engelli ve zihin engelli öğrencilerin görsel algı düzeylerine ilişkin başlangıç düzeylerine ait bulgularına bakıldığında işitme engellilerde (hem deney hem de kontrol grubunda) sonuçların anlamlı olmadığı; zihin engellilerin başlangıç düzeylerine ait bulgularına bakıldığında ise sonuçların anlamlı olduğuna varılmıştır. Başlangıç düzeyi tespitinden sonra 6 haftalık bir süreçte programın etkililiğini incelemek için Montessori-Materyali 'geometrik cisimler' uygulanmıştır. Bu süre sonunda işitme engelliler deney grubunda alıcı dil becerilerinden görsel algı düzeylerinde önemli bir değişiklik saptanmamıştır, zihin engelli deney grubunda ise görsel algı düzeylerinde önemli bir değişiklik elde edilmiştir. Her grup kendi içersinde başlangıç düzeyleri ve 6 haftalık bir süre sonunda test düzeyleri karşılaştırıldığında elde edilen bulgular ise şu şekildedir; İşitme engelli deney grubunun başlangıç düzeyini kontrol grubu ile denk olduğu, 6 haftalık uygulama sonunda da anlamlı düzeyde yüksek olmadığı saptanmıştır. Zihin engelli deney grubunun ise başlangıç düzeyi kontrol grubu ile denk olarak saptanmış, fakat 6 haftalık uygulama sonunda elde edilen sonucun anlamlı düzeyde yüksek olduğu tespit olmuştur. Kontrol gruplarına ise 6 hafta boyunca geleneksel yöntem ile öğretimlerine devam edilmiştir. 6 hafta sonra uygulanan test düzeyleriyle başlangıç düzeyleri karşılaştırıldığında manidar bir farklılık bulunmadığı sonucuna ulaşılmıştır. / There is a closest relation and correlation between the positive progressing for underdeveloped-spastic children and the quality of training and their educational performance that was given by their school. In order to continue and follow up their daily life by themselves just like a normal ones, they - underdeveloped children must learn some attitudes, so that underdeveloped children learn by sights and sensation. Therefore, learning by materials has a big importance and also these materials have a great training effects on their learning period. M. Montessori, who created some new approaches on pedagogy by her prescient for reality, developed new methods and created different materials focus on differentiated progressive fields of gaining attitudes and talents by underdeveloped children, hence Montessori focused on the training of senses of underdeveloped children. The purpose of this research study is determination of the effectiveness of 'geometric objects' which included by Montessori training materials, over the children's, those are deafness and mentally insufficient, receptive linguistic of the level of visual perception. The environment-space of this research study is KOMMES-Deafness And Non-Speaker Rehabilitation Center and EMPATİ-Mentally Insufficient Children Training and Protection Foundation. This experimental research study covers insufficient children follow up the courses and training of these two scholl, the selected 20 deafness children who can perform predetermined and conditioned talents (10 of these for controlling, the other 10 for experimental purposes) additionally 20 mentally insufficient children (again 10 for control and the other 10 for experimental purposes). 40 children totally were followed up. In this study Salomon's four-quadral-group model was applied and examined. Them, the students' receptive linguistic abilities through the level of visual perception - Dönmez and Ark's study of linguistic development effectiveness (1997) was measured with 5 factors scale which was prepared by researcher. These are 1. Recognition, 2. Distinguishing, 3. Sorting-Grouping, 4. Selection of figures and finding, 5. Creating the figures and forming. According to aim of this research-study, ki-square was used and the differences between the means of each group were determined by 't' test method. The results of this research study are, the beginning levels of visual perception of deafness children and of the children who are mentally insufficient; it is found that the results of deafness children-for both in control and in experimental group, are not meaningful. The findings of the level of beginning for mentally insufficient children are meaningful. After the determination of the beginning level, Geometric-three dimensional-objects from Montessori's materials method was applied in order to inspect the effectiveness of program for 6 weeks period. At the end of this period, for the experimental group of deafness children. It cannot be found that important changes on the level of visual perception of receptive linguistic talents, On the other hand, in experimental group covers the mentally insufficient children, important changes on visual perception level were found. For each group, the beginning levels of intra group and end of the 6 weeks period, comparing the group's level of test, the findings are as follow: The level of beginning for the experimental group of deafness children is equivalent to the level of beginning for the control group. After the 6 weeks experimental application, it was found that the level changes are not meaningful as much as. It was found that the level of beginning for the experimental group of mentally insufficient children is equivalent to the level of beginning for the control group these are mentally insufficient children. But, end of the 6 weeks experimental application, meaningful changes were taken from results. Along with the 6 weeks period, in controlling groups, the training and learning progress had been continued based on conventional method. End of the 6 weeks period, by the level of applied test and the level of beginning were compared. It was found that there is no valuable and notable differences between these two.

Language: Turkish

Published: Konya, Turkey, 2005

Book

Montessori Resources: A Complete Guide to Finding Montessori Materials for Parents and Teachers

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Language: English

Published: Rossmoor, California: American Montessori Consulting, 1999

Book Section

Die Anpassung des Montessori-Materials für Blinde [The adaptation of the Montessori material for the blind]

Book Title: Die Montessori-Pädagogik und das behinderte Kind: Referate und Ergebnisse des 18. Internationalen Montessori Kongresses (München, 4-8 Juli 1977) [The Montessori System and the Handicapped Child: Papers and Reports of the 18th International Montessori Congress (Munich, July 4-8, 1977)]

Pages: 368-373

Blind, Blind children, Children with disabilities, Conferences, International Montessori Congress (18th, Munich, Germany, 4-8 July 1977), Montessori materials, Montessori method of education

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Language: German

Published: München: Kindler, 1978

ISBN: 3-463-00716-9

Article

4 Materials Providers Announce Creation of Cooperative 'Montessori Materials Guild'

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 2, no. 4

Pages: 18

Public Montessori

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Article

Those Mysterious Montessori Materials: The Red Rods

Publication: Tomorrow's Child, vol. 12, no. 3

Pages: 11

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Doctoral Dissertation

Seriation Skills in Three-Year-Old Children: A Training Study Using Montessori Materials

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Language: English

Published: Houston, Texas, 1978

Doctoral Dissertation

Seriation Skills in Three Year-Old Children: A Training Study Using Montessori Materials

Available from: ProQuest - Dissertations and Theses

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Language: English

Published: Houston, Texas, 1978

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

The Montessori Materials [Gakken Co. Ltd advertisement]

Available from: Springer Link

Publication: International Journal of Early Childhood, vol. 26, no. 2

Pages: 60

Asia, East Asia, Japan, Montessori materials

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Abstract/Notes: Since its founding in 1946, Gakken has pioneered in the education information industry from publishing to films and videos, early childhood education materials, office and educational equipment, toys and fancy goods, data processing systems and even a network of tutoring schools. The young children's diverse educational products include Montessori materials imported from Nienhuis of the Netherlands and Gakken is spreading its invaluable teaching methods across the nation through correspondence courses, Montessori teacher training, workshops as well as the operation of "Children's Home". Gakken CO., LTD. 1-17-15 Nakaikegami, Ohta-ku, Tokyo, 146 JAPAN

Language: English

DOI: 10.1007/BF03174265

ISSN: 0020-7187, 1878-4658

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Die Idee von Maria Montessoris Materialen im Lichte der Didactik der Mathematik [Montessori Materials and the Teaching of Mathematics]

Available from: Springer Link

Publication: International Review of Education, vol. 7, no. 2

Pages: 174-186

Montessori materials

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Language: German

DOI: 10.1007/BF01433367

ISSN: 1573-0638, 0020-8566

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori Materials and Activities [part 2]

Publication: Journal for Special Educators of the Mentally Retarded, vol. 9, no. 6

Pages: 103-108

Art, Montessori materials

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Language: English

ISSN: 0012-2807

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