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517 results

Conference Paper

Exploring the Social Logic of Preschool Environments Structured with Waldorf, Montessori, and Reggio Emilia: A Semantic and Syntactic Study on Preschool Environments

Available from: ResearchGate

Space Syntax Symposium (13th, 20-24 June 2022)

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Abstract/Notes: Kindergartens are socio-spatial organizations with their social and cultural as well as their spatial structures which prepare children to be responsible members of the society. In the ear ly years of the twentieth century, the issue of how to raise new generations was one of the primary research areas of many educational scientists, especially in Europe, and therefore different progressive pedagogical methods were generated. Among these views, the Waldorf pedagogical approach developed by Rudolf Steiner, Montessori pedagogical approach developed by Maria Montessori, and Reggio Emilia pedagogical approach developed by Loris Malaguzzi became prominent. Although these three pedagogical approaches have a common view that the child should be accepted as an individual with his/her rights, each of them involved different physical environment requirements in the context of their educational philosophies. The projects obtained in an architectural design studio course constitute the focus of this paper and it aims to decipher the semantic and syntactic characteristics based on twelve student projects. The semantic dimension of the study was revealed by coding the related themes through students' project reports while the syntactic dimension of the study demonstrated the prioritized social interaction area through isovist area and variance values. Considering the semantic results, it was revealed that the students not only comprehended the spatial requirements of a specific educational pedagogy but also grasped the transformative power of the methods, in terms of physical, social, and natural characteristics. Considering the syntactic results, the fact that the mean isovist area value was higher in Reggio Emilia schools showed that the piazza dominates the physical setting. The fact that the school cluster with the highest variance value emerged in Montessori draws attention to the changeability of isovist perimeter value within the interiors to orientate the individuals to the classroom units.

Language: English

Published: Bergen, Norway: Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, 2022

Pages: 25 p.

Article

How Montessori Appealed to a School Manager [St. Mary's Church School, Islington]

Publication: Montessori Notes, vol. 2, no. 2

Pages: 26

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Language: English

Article

Aflame: Columbia, SC, School Fire Galvanizes a Community [Montessori Early Learning Center and School of the Arts, Columbia, South Carolina]

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 18, no. 2

Pages: 10

Public Montessori

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Article

The First Charter School [Bluffview School, Winona, Minnesota]

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 14, no. 3

Pages: 40–41

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

School Recognition, School Consultation

Publication: AMI/USA News, vol. 22, no. 3

Pages: 6

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Language: English

Article

Celebrating Diversity at a Public Montessori School [Hull-Jackson Montessori Magnet School, Nashville, TN]

Publication: Montessori International, vol. 77

Pages: 24–25

Americas, North America, Public Montessori, United States of America

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Language: English

ISSN: 1470-8647

Article

Every School Has a Story [Selkirk Montessori School, Victoria, British Columbia]

Publication: The National Montessori Reporter, vol. 24, no. 3

Pages: 4

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Language: English

Doctoral Dissertation

A Study of Pre-School Education in the Republic of Ireland with Particular Reference to Those Pre-Schools Which are Listed by the Irish Pre-School Playgroups Association in Cork City and County

Available from: British Library - EthOS

Comparative education, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Europe, Ireland, Montessori method of education, Northern Europe, Preschool education

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Abstract/Notes: This study was undertaken in order to investigate the activities which took place in Irish pre-schools other than those within the formal school system. The principle focus of the research concerned the degree to which the pre-school children were being 'cognitively stretched' by the curriculum in which they were engaged. The social, linguistic, physical and creative development of these children was also considered.An historical review of the theory of play and recent research in this area was undertaken.Twenty-three pre-schools were taken at random from the membership list in Cork city and county of the Irish Pre- School Playgroups Association. One pre-school which was not a member was added. Prior to embarking upon the study, a history of the I.P.P.A. was given.The ethnographic research strategy was found to be the most suitable method of assessing empirically the nature and frequency of play in the pre-school. This study, which took place between 1986 and 1990, was therefore eclectic in nature, employing a multi-faceted approach encompassing a target child observational schedule, interviews, a study of classrooms, a questionnaire and an interaction analysis system.Briefly, the results showed that the 157 children engaged in this study were being cognitively stretched for approximately one quarter of the time if they were in a playgroup and approximately one half of the time if they were in a Montessori setting. Social and linguistic behaviour was limited by the actions of the pre-school leaders and physically or creatively challenging behaviour was rarely observed. The fact that the children played alone for half of the total time spent in the pre-school was most striking.The most important finding to emerge from the study of language in the twenty-four pre-schools was the fact that the children rarely communicated verbally. Dialogue was almost non-existent and children's questions were very sparse. In order to place the above in a National context, a questionnaire was sent in 1990 to a random sample of one hundred I.P.P.A. members in the 26 counties of the Republic of Ireland. Unfortunately, only 39 responded. However, of note was that approximately 25% of playgroup leaders had degrees and four-fifths of them were mothers in their mid-thirties. They strongly disagreed with the teaching of the 3Rs and felt that much more government money should be devoted to playgroups and in-service training for their personnel.

Language: English

Published: Hull, England, 1993

Article

Heads of Schools Section: How Early Learning Can "Reform" Schools

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: The Constructive Triangle (1974-1989), vol. 16, no. 2

Pages: 6, 8

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Language: English

ISSN: 0010-700X

Article

Montessori Schools and Nursery Schools

Available from: The Times Educational Supplement Historical Archive - Gale

Publication: The Times Educational Supplement (London, England)

Pages: 353

, Spain

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Language: English

ISSN: 0040-7887

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