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873 results

Doctoral Dissertation

A Comparative Assessment of Some Aspects of Number and Arithmetical Skills in Montessori and Traditional Preschools

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Language: English

Published: Syracuse, New York, 1978

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

The Effects of Connecting Rituals on Verbal Conflicts in the Montessori Preschool Classroom

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this action research project was to see if a program through Conscious Discipline called Connecting Rituals would decrease the number of verbal conflicts in a Montessori preschool classroom. Conscious Discipline is a non-punitive, non-adversarial behavior program that is backed by current brain science. One aspect of the Conscious Discipline model is Connecting Rituals. Connecting Rituals are short games, nursery rhymes, and finger plays that adults and children do together in large or small groups. The Connecting Rituals would increase self-regulation and social skills in a Montessori preschool classroom. The study was conducted in a Montessori preschool classroom at a small Montessori school in the Midwestern United States with 23 preschool children, 2.5-6 years old children. Data was collected over a 4 week period using tally marks to record the number of conflicts, a large group discussion, a teacher daily journal and a post-connecting ritual form. Every day the researcher did a Connecting Ritual at the large group gathering with all the children before lunch and at least one Connecting Ritual with each child during the morning work time over a two week period. The study found that the Connecting Rituals did decrease the number of verbal conflicts, but the results were not significant. Further study is needed to understand the long term effects of using Connecting Rituals in the classroom.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2020

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

The Effects of a Collaborative Team on Early Intervention in a Preschool

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this project was to see what effects collaboration had on early intervention in a preschool. Fourteen guides at a Montessori preschool in Texas were asked to complete a beginning survey, attend weekly collaborative meetings for seven weeks, attend a focus group and complete an ending survey. Data showed that collaboration helped the teachers feel more valued and supported when helping all kinds of different learners. For the purpose of this study, different learners included children with behavioral concerns, learning disabilities and support needs. Interventions ranged from activities or exercises for individual children to lessons given to a group. Future research could be focused on how to bring the parents into the collaborative process for intervention and/or at what point a child should be referred for speech or occupational therapy evaluations.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2016

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

The Effects of Social Stories on the Problem Solving Skills of Preschoolers

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: This action research project examined the effects of social stories on the problem solving skills of preschoolers in a Montessori classroom. The classroom was in a private school in Arizona led by a lead Montessori trained teacher and an assistant teacher. The study spanned seven weeks and the subjects were 22 three to five year old children. Three stories were read to the children. Each story was read at circle time daily for a two week interval. Data collected included the observations of the lead teacher, observations of the assistant teacher, and one-on-one conversations with each child at the end of the study. The data showed an increase in the abilities of the children to solve problems without the need of an adult. Future research could be conducted on the effects on female versus male preschoolers to see if the stories affect the children differently depending on their gender. Future research could also be conducted using stories about different social issues.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2016

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

Working It Out Together: Teaching the Steps of Conflict Resolution to Preschoolers

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: This action research explores conflicts among preschoolers and strategies for teachers to develop children’s social problem-solving abilities, such as teaching the steps of conflict resolution. Research was conducted in a Montessori preschool setting with children ages 2.5 to 5 years of age. Data was collected on the number of conflicts, types of conflicts, how conflicts were resolved (independently or with teacher assistance), and types of solutions implemented by students. Methods used to collect data included observation, group discussions, and student journals. Results indicated when the steps of conflict resolution were taught to preschool children, the number of conflicts resolved without teacher intervention increased, the frequency students sought teacher guidance to solve conflicts decreased, and the number of journal responses that included positive independent solutions to problems increased. Findings reveal that conflict resolution skills can be successfully taught in preschool settings. Further research is needed to determine additional strategies to strengthen children’s problem solving abilities with certain prevalent conflicts, such as sharing materials, and the effects of environment factors on conflicts, such as class size.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2015

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

The Impact of Parent Involvement on Preschool English Language Learners' Ability to Learn the English Language

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori preschool children who are English Language Learners (ELL) age three to five, consisting of one female and six males. It was conducted in two different preschool classrooms, focusing on literacy skills as well as oral communication skills. The direct aim of the study was to help children successfully learn English as their second language while keeping their native language. Researchers also investigated whether parental involvement increased the ability of ELLs to learn the English language. Data collection procedures utilized were: (1) parent interviews, (2) observation and anecdotal records, (3) pretest, and (4) post-test. A take-home literacy kit was used to measure the effectiveness of parental involvement. Researchers also provided a take-home literacy kit for parents to work on with their child at home. Parents were given a total of four literacy kits, one new kit each week. Result of this research indicated an improvement in parent and child interaction. The take-home literacy kit fostered communication between parent and child because words were translated in their home language. Over the course of four weeks, children showed great interest in literacy and progress in their communication skills.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2014

Doctoral Dissertation

'My Self-Image and Your Interactions': The Influence of the Preschool Educator's Image of the Child as a Learner on Children's Wellbeing and Involvement

Americas, Comparative education, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Europe, Ireland, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, North America, Northern Europe, Play, Reggio Emilia approach (Early childhood education)

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Abstract/Notes: The introduction in 2011 of a universal free preschool year for all children in Ireland prior to attending primary school was heralded as a significant commitment to children and families. As a result of this policy initiative there are increasing numbers of young children accessing preschool provision. However, despite increased access and increased investment in ECEC provision, little is known about the quality of preschool children’s experiences, or the impact of the pedagogical approach on children’s levels of wellbeing and involvement in their learning. Equally there has been no evaluation of the quality or the effectiveness of the preschool provision in supporting children’s development of 21st century skills. This thesis explores how the preschool educator’s image of the child as a learner influences her/his pedagogical approach and how the educator’s pedagogical approach subsequently impacts on children’s levels of wellbeing and involvement in their meaning making processes. The study, an ethnographic comparative study, was conducted across three preschool setting types, Montessori, Play-based and Reggio inspired in the west of Ireland and Boston. The findings identify that children’s levels of wellbeing and involvement are high when their basic needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness are met in an autonomy supportive, child-centred learning environment. In comparison, when the learning environment is controlling and the approach to teaching and learning is didactic and adult-led, children’s levels of wellbeing and involvement are low. These findings have significant implications for policy and practice and provide a compelling argument for the evaluation of the quality of preschool provision in Ireland.

Language: English

Published: Galway, Ireland, 2020

Doctoral Dissertation

Follow-up Study of Montessori and Traditional Day Care Preschool Programs for Disadvantaged Children

Comparative education, Inclusive education, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Poor children

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Language: English

Published: Kent, Ohio, 1976

Doctoral Dissertation

Prediction of School Achievement in Preschool Montessori Children

Academic achievement, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools

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Language: English

Published: Buffalo, New York, 1977

Article

Kids on the Block: A San Francisco Preschool by Mark Horton Architecture Makes the Most of a Prefabricated Structural System

Available from: US Modernist Library

Publication: Architecture

Pages: 68-71

Americas, Architecture, North America, United States of America

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Language: English

ISSN: 0746-0554, 0001-1479

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