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Report

Comparing Montessori Education and Conventional Education on Aspects of Creativity

Available from: Syracuse University

Comparative education, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: My Honors Thesis compares creativity in children taught in a Montessori classroom with students taught in a conventional classroom. I tested 58 children at Belle Valley Elementary School in Erie Pennsylvania, half in the Montessori program, half in traditional classrooms. Their ages ranged from 5-9, from kindergarten to 3rd grade. I hypothesized that the independence allowed in Montessori classrooms would help foster creativity in its students. The project uses two forms of evaluation to test the concept of creativity, the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking and consensual assessment to score a creative collage. Significant developmental differences were found; older children scored higher on the creativity tests. There was, however, no significant difference between Montessori and conventionally taught children. The conclusion is that in young children creativity develops over time, but that the type of schooling does not moderate this development.

Language: English

Published: Syracuse, New York, 2005

Bachelor's Thesis

Montessorimusiikkikasvatus ja sen soveltuminen nykyaikaiseen musiikinopetukseen [Montessori Music Education and its application to modern music education]

Available from: Theseus (Finland)

Europe, Finland, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori schools, Nordic countries, Northern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: This thesis examines the Montessori music curriculum that was developed by Maria Montessori and her music consultant Maria Maccheroni. It introduces the most typical Montessori music instruments and equipment as well as exercises that go with them. It also explores the possibilities of combining Montessori music with today’s music teaching and early childhood music education. The material of this thesis is mainly based on literature about the Montessori Method and its music section, along with observations made while working at various Montessori preschools in Finland. Many of the Montessori method’s musical exercises are challenging and can be seen as old fashioned by today’s music education standards. Maria Montessori expected many things from her Montessori teachers. Montessori teachers were expected to be completely in charge of the children’s musical education. This may be difficult to implement nowadays because in order to properly understand the Montessori music curriculum, one needs a great deal of theoretical knowledge and understanding of music. However, there are plenty of positive aspects to the Montessori music education and its elements can be applied to modern day music teaching. The Montessori method is very child-centered and even though it was developed more than a hundred years ago, the main principles are still valid today. A children’s music lesson plan is included in this thesis. It combines Montessori music education with Finnish early childhood music education. Many music educators and Montessori teachers know little about the music part of the Montessori method. Not much literature can be found about it in Finnish. The goal of this thesis is to study Montessori music education and to give more information about it to music educators and Montessori teachers. / Opinnäytetyössäni tutkin Maria Montessorin ja hänen konsulttinsa Maria Maccheronin yli sata vuotta sitten kehittämää musiikkikasvatusmenetelmää. Esittelen tyypillisimpiä montessorimusiikkivälineitä sekä niihin liittyviä harjoituksia. Lisäksi pohdin miten montessorimusiikkikasvatusta olisi mahdollista soveltaa musiikinopetuksessa ja varhaisiän musiikkikasvatuksessa. Aineistoni perustuu ennen kaikkea montessoripedagogiikasta ja montessorimusiikkikasvatuksesta saatavilla olevaan kirjallisuuteen sekä montessorileikkikoulussa työni kautta tehtyihin havaintoihin. Monet montessorimenetelmän musiikkiosion työt ja harjoitukset ovat haastavia ja nykyisen musiikkikasvatuskäsityksen mukaan vanhanaikaisia. Maria Montessorin toivetta montessoriohjaajasta, joka opettaa musiikkia hänen menetelmänsä mukaisesti, voi olla vaikea toteuttaa, koska montessorimusiikkikasvatuksen hallitseminen vaatii runsaasti musiikin teoreettista tuntemista. Montessorimusiikkikasvatuksessa on kuitenkin myös paljon hyvää ja sitä voi soveltaa nykypäivän musiikinopetukseen. Montessorimenetelmä on erittäin lapsilähtöinen ja vaikka se kehitettiin yli sata vuotta sitten, monet sen perusajatukset ovat edelleen sovellettavissa. Opinnäytetyöni sisältää tekemäni muskarituntisuunnitelman, jossa sovellan montessorimusiikkikasvatusta varhaisiän musiikkikasvatuksen tunnille. Monet musiikkikasvattajat ja montessoriohjaajat eivät tunne tai tuntevat vain pintapuolisesti montessorimenetelmän musiikkiosion, ja montessorimusiikkikasvatuksesta on saatavilla vain hyvin vähän suomenkielistä tietoa. Opinnäytetyöni tarkoitus on tutkia montessorimenetelmän musiikkiosiosta ja antaa lisätietoa montessoriohjaajille ja musiikkikasvattajille.

Language: Finnish

Published: Helsinki, Finland, 2018

Bachelor's Thesis

Mediakasvatus montessoripedagogisessa varhaiskasvatuksessa / Media education in Montessori pedagogical early childhood education

Available from: Theseus (Finland)

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Abstract/Notes: The aim of the thesis was to map what media education is like in Montessori-pedagogical early childhood education. The purpose was to examine how Montessori pedagogy developed more than a hundred years ago meets children's digitized growth environment and media culture. The research was qualitative. The theoretical basis of the work was research on children's media use and media education, the national foundations of the early childhood education plan and the principles of Montessori pedagogy. The data collection method was a semi-structured thematic interview. The interviewees were six early childhood education teachers who worked in Montessori kindergartens for 3-6 year olds in the capital region. The transcribed material was analyzed using theory-driven content analysis. In the research questions, I clarified the Montessori educators' views on media education and its challenges, as well as the special features of Montessori pedagogical media education. In addition, it was mapped how different media content and information and communication technology were utilized in the pedagogical practices of Montessori kindergartens. The key result was that the Montessori educators had a positive attitude towards media education and were more aware than before, but there was also a need for development. The goals of teaching media literacy and information and communication technology skills were seen to be the child's inclusion, supporting agency and equality. Media education aimed to strengthen children's active media skills, i.e. children's own production and expression. A critical attitude towards media devices and content was also considered important. Learning in Montessori pedagogy is based on the concreteness and sensibility of Montessori tools, which is still seen as a working method. Therefore, supplementing the prepared learning environment with technology should be done pedagogically. On the other hand, the child-oriented nature of Montessori pedagogy, the learning of phenomena, and the effort to help the child function in their own everyday life create a good starting point for reforming Montessori pedagogy as needed with media education tools, applications, and content. Awareness of media education and supporting technical skills are ways, which strengthen the position of media education in Montessori pedagogical early childhood education.

Language: Finnish

Published: Helsinki, Finland, 2019

Book

Early Childhood Education in Nigeria: Proceedings of the International Seminar on Early Childhood Education, Zaria, 4-8 July, 1983

Africa, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa, West Africa

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Abstract/Notes: Proceedings of the Internationa Seminar on Early Childhood Education, held in Zaria [Nigeria], 4-8 July, 1983. "Organised by the Institute of Education, Ahmadu Bello University in Collaboration with the London Montessori Institute"--Title page verso. Early childhood education at the crossroads in Nigeria / Emmanuel U. Emovon (17 p.). -- Montessori philosophy in early childhood education / Sandra Nash Petrek (22 p.). -- Cultural roots of the child's moral and intellectual growth in Africa / Etim N. E. Udoh (40 p.). -- Implications of Piagetan theory to elementary education in Nigeria / O. M. Onibokun (24 p.). -- Headstart : assumptions and curriculum models--what relevance for Nigeria? / Eileen B. Wilson (20 p.). -- Classroom pedagogy: a case for the development of critical thinking / Rodney Burton (32 p.). -- Childhood education in Nigeria: A study of Ilorin schools / S. O. Medahunsi (32 p.). -- Day in a pre-school: A Nigerian experience / Kathleen Kano (20 p.). Early childhood education in two cultures: The U.S.A. and the Jamaican experience / Anne Lou Blevins (45 p.). -- Traditional factors in African education / D. O. Adewoye (27 p.). -- Moral development in the child through Christian education / J Idowu-Fearon (18 p.). -- Educating the teachers of children / Grace Alele Williams (19 p.). -- Child, the teacher and the classroom with relation to nursery education / Fola A. Fagbohun (16 p.). -- Child's socialization in Islam / Zainab Said Kabir (31 p.). -- Environment and the education of the child / J. M. Ibiwoye (24 p.). -- Environment and the education of the child / A. B. Ayanniyi (15 p.). -- Bilingualism in early childhood education in Nigeria: Problems and possibilities / Theresa T. Imasuen (15 p.). -- Comparative study of the role expectations of children's needs in the Carribean and Nigeria / S. U. Compton-Adegbite (15 p.). -- Teacher and the child with special educational needs / Karen Odock (13 p.). -- Special education for pre-primary children: Intervention and remediation / C. A. Sam (26 p.). -- Theory and practice of educating maladjusted children in Nigeria / J. A. Shindi (18 p.). -- Children with special educational needs: The case of bilingual children / R. A. Chijioke (30 p.).

Language: English

Published: Zaria, Nigeria: Institute of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, 1983

Article

Basic Education and the Montessori Method [Gandhi's Wardha Scheme of Basic Education]

Publication: The Montessori Magazine: A Quarterly Journal for Teachers, Parents and Social Workers (India), vol. 1, no. 2/3

Pages: 44-49

Comparative education, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Wardha scheme of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Language: English

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

A Study Educational Philosophy of Maria Montessori and Its Relevance in Present Educational Scenario

Available from: Sabhavna Research Journal

Publication: Sadbhavna: Research Journal of Human Development, vol. 10, no. 2

Pages: 100-107

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori system its impact can easily be seen in the field of pre-primary education in the European countries, U.S.A., India, China, Japan, African countries, Latin American countries and all through the world, This system has encouraged lovers of education to discover new methods of teaching young children. This system emphasized the necessity of study of children in order to educate them properly. As a result, education became child-centered. The construction of curriculum became oriented to the actual needs of life. It was considered necessary to provide a good environment in the school. The aims of education became oriented to individual development of each child. Hence emphasis was laid on the development of personality of each child. Proper training of teachers was considered necessary.

Language: English

ISSN: 2277-7377

Book

Report on the Montessori System of Education: Presented to the Council of Education, Witwatersrand

Africa, L. C. Wynsouw - Writings, South Africa, Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

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Language: English

Published: Johannesburg, South Africa: Council of Education, 1915

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

The New Curriculum of Education in Kenya: a Linguistic and Education Paradigm Shift

Available from: eRepository at University of Nairobi, Kenya

Publication: International Journal of Novel Research in Education and Learning, vol. 5, no. 1

Pages: 15-27

Africa, East Africa, Kenya, Sub-Saharan Africa

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Abstract/Notes: The current system of education in Kenya is the 8-4-4 structure, where children study for eight years of Basic (primary) education, four years of Secondary education and four years of University education. This system was introduced in 1985 to promote man-power capable of performing blue collar jobs, as compared to the former 7-6-3 system that targeted developing a local workforce to replace the British workforce who largely held white collar jobs in the new, independent Kenya. However, over the years, the 8-4-4 curriculum has been widely criticised for a myriad of reasons. The criticisms against this curriculum are that it is too heavily loaded with content, purely examinations-oriented, and generally violating the Rights of the Child by placing undue physical and psychological pressure on learners. In order to address this problem therefore, a new curriculum was hastily crafted and taken through a rushed pilot drive in April 2017 and is expected to replace the current 8-4-4 system by January 2018. Admittedly, this new education system addresses some of the weaknesses of the current 8-4-4 education system, since it is competency-based and focuses more on skills acquisition as opposed to a purely knowledge-based acquisition system. The issues addressed in this paper is how this new and hurriedly crafted curriculum (as well as the introduction of Free Secondary School Education) will be implemented by teachers who are yet to come to terms with the new paradigm shift of teaching and learning. The second issue addressed is whether the crafters of this system took into consideration children’s rights, or whether at all, the system was crafted from a child-centred perspective. The concerns are that apart from the manner in which this syllabus was been crafted and planned for implementation, if not reviewed comprehensively may not only violate the rights of future generations of children, but also enhance negative ethnicity from a linguistic perspective

Language: English

ISSN: 2394-9686

Article

Montessori-Pädagogik und die Blindenpädagogik [Montessori education and education for the blind]

Publication: Das Kind, no. 26

Pages: 74-78

Blind, Children with disabilities, Inclusive education, Montessori method of education

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Language: German

ISSN: 0949-2682

Article

A Comparative Study Between Montessori Education and Ecology Education / 몬테소리 교육프로그램과 생태교육프로그램에 관한 비교연구

Available from: RISS

Publication: Montessori교육연구 [Montessori Education Research], vol. 11

Pages: 17-34

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Language: Korean

ISSN: 1226-9417

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