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Book Section

Die Montessori-Bestrebungen im Kanton Zürich [Montessori Endeavors in the Canton of Zurich]

Book Title: Hundert Jahre Montessori-Pädagogik, 1907-2007: Eine Chronik der Montessori-Pädagogik in der Schweiz [One Hundred Years of Montessori Education, 1907-2007: A Chronicle of Montessori Education in Switzerland]

Pages: 117-134

Annette Güntensperger - Biographic sources, Europe, Hilde Steinemann-Stahli - Biographic sources, Marianna Augsburger-Käser - Biographic sources, Martha Meyer - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Selina Chönz-Meyer - Biographic sources, Switzerland, Western Europe

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Language: German

Published: Bern, Switzerland: Haupt Verlag, 2007

Edition: 1st edition

ISBN: 978-3-258-07092-6

Article

Giuliana Sorge, Luigia Tincani e la diffusione del metodo Montessori / Giuliana Sorge, Luigia Tincani and Dissemination of Montessori Method

Available from: Rivista di Storia dell’Educazione

Publication: Rivista di Storia dell’Educazione, vol. 8, no. 2

Pages: 83-95

Aldo Agazzi - Biographic sources, Europe, Giuliana Sorge - Biographic sources, Italy, Luigia Tincani - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education, Montessori movement, Southern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: Giuliana Sorge (1903-1987) was one of Maria Montessori’s closest disciples. Many parts of her life are linked to the alternating vicissitudes of the spread of the Method in Italy. She is personally involved at the time of the breakdown of the relation between Maria Montessori and fascism. We find her in the immediate postwar period engaged in the reconstruction of the Montessori National Institution and in the dissemination of the Method in Italy. To do this, she weaves a network of relations with exponents of the political and ecclesiastical world assisted by the friendship of Luigia Tincani, a Catholic, Montessori’s friend, founder of what will become the Free University Maria SS. Assunta and a religious congregation. This emerges from an unpublished correspondence between these two women, which also contains interesting news relating to the hostility of prof. Aldo Agazzi towards the spread of the Montessori Method.

Language: Italian

DOI: 10.36253/rse-10374

ISSN: 2532-2818

Master's Thesis

A Casa das Crianças: Três Modelos de Espaços Escolares Montessori [Children's Space: Three Models of Montessori Schools]

Available from: Universidade do Porto - Repositório Aberto

Europe, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Portugal, Southern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: A escola é um local de conexão do ser humano com o que o rodeia e, por isso é mais do que um espaço para educar. É o abrigo que acolhe e promove um processo educativo e de crescimento. A relação entre arquitetura e pedagogia, entende-se na medida em que o desenho do espaço é um instrumento pedagógico e, essa conexão entre as duas áreas é intensifcada pelas transformações na sociedade, que por sua vez têm infuenciado o desenho do espaço de ensino. A partir do século XIX e XX a introdução de novos métodos de ensino refetiu-se numa nova forma de olhar para as crianças e numa crescente preocupação com a pedagogia. Estes modelos inovadores distanciam-se da rigidez dos modelos tradicionais e, são ainda hoje pouco reconhecidos. As escolas Montessori representam essa nova forma de olhar para a educação e respondem às questões pedagógicas desenvolvidas por Maria Montessori, nas quais as crianças são seres independentes e são o centro de todo o processo educativo. Carateriza-se por ser uma pedagogia, que tal como o espaço a ela destinado, é complexa e pensada ao detalhe para satisfazer as necessidades de seres autónomos. Ao mesmo tempo, a principal caraterística da nova educação é a liberdade, que por sua vez se vê refetida no espaço arquitetónico, em espacialidades fexíveis e que permitem maior variedade de ocupação. Além disso, a pedagogia Montessori requer um ambiente de ensino estimulante à aprendizagem, que confere à criança a independência necessária na sociedade atual. Com isto, a presente Dissertação de Mestrado, "A casa das Crianças: Três Modelos de Espaços Escolares Montessori", pretende perceber de que forma a arquitetura responde ao próprio método Montessori, através de vários casos de estudo como por exemplo: A Casa das Crianças Viena (1922) de Franz Schuster, a Escola Montessori de Delft (1960/66) de Herman Hertzberguer e o Fuji Kindergarten projetado pelos Tezuka Architects (2007). A análise destes casos em detalhe, permitiu entender o espaço escolar Montessori através de temas comuns como: a relação ente a Escola e Cidade, o espaço de distribuição da escola, a sala Montessori e todos os espaços que a compõe, e o espaço exterior. / School is a connection place between humans and their surroundings, it is more than a place to teach. It is the shelter that welcomes and promotes both an educational and a growth process. The relation between architecture and pedagogy is understood as a pedagogical instrument and this relation is intensifed by changes in society, which in turn have infuenced the design of the teaching space. From the 19th and 20th century, the introduction of new teaching methods resulted in new ways of looking at children and in a growing concern with pedagogy. This happened as a reflection of introducing new teaching methods. These innovative models block the rigidity of traditional models and nowadays, they're not so recognized. Montessori schools represent this new way of looking at education created by Maria Montessori, where children are independent beings and are the center of the educational process. This pedagogy is known by being complex and designed to detail to satisfy the need of autonomous beings. Just like the space for them. At the same time, the main characteristic of the new education is freedom, that is refected in the architectural space too, with fexible spaces that allow childrens appropriation. Montessori Pedagogy requires a teaching environment that encourages learning, giving the child the independence needed in today's society. So, this master's thesis, Children's Space: Three Models of Montessori Schools, shows how architecture to the Montesssori Method principles, throught various study cases like: Children's House in Viena (1922) by Franz Schuster, a primary Montessori School in Delft (1960/66) by Herman Hertzberguer and the Fuji Kindergarten designed by Tezuka Architects (2007). The study of these and more cases, revealed the Montessori Spaces through themes like: The School and the City, The School distribution, The Montessory Classroom and The Outdoor Space.

Language: Portuguese

Published: Porto, Portugal, 2021

Master's Thesis

Pedagoška glasbena načela po Edgarju Willemsu v povezavi s pedagogiko montessori v predšolskem obdobju [Edgar Willems' Pedagogic Principles of Music in Conjunction with the Montessori Method in Pre-School Teaching]

Available from: Digital Library of the University of Maribor (DKUM)

Classroom environment, Edgar Willems - Philosophy, Europe, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Music education, Prepared environment, Slovenia, Southern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori pedagogika in glasbeni pristopi Edgarja Willemsa vzbujajo interes številnih, ki se ukvarjajo z vzgojo in izobraževanjem v povezavi z glasbeno umetnostjo. Težko je opisati razloge, zakaj je temu tako, ker se večina procesov odvija na emocionalni in podzavestni ravni, ki temeljijo na občutenju, nedvomno pa je, da oba pristopa obravnavata otroka kot prioriteto in se ob zavedanju njegovih sposobnosti optimalno razvijata otrokove individualne potenciale. Metodi temeljita na vsebinah, ki otroka vodijo do znanja na sprejemljiv in zabaven način. Oba pristopa poznata seveda tudi drugače misleče, vendar lahko na podlagi izkušenj trdimo, da je razlog temu v nepoznavanju in nekompetentnosti določenih pedagogov in glasbenih pedagogov v kontekstu pedagogike Montessori in metode Edgarja Willemsa. V magistrski nalogi predstavljamo v prvem teoretičnem delu pedagogiko montessori, njena načela in filozofska izhodišča ter pedagoški pristop in metode dela Edgarja Willemsa. V nalogi obravnavamo njune skupne in nasprotujoče vsebine, izhodišča in pristope. Med drugim izpostavljamo, kako glasbeno izobraževanje vpliva na kognitivno-socialni, afektivni in psihomotorični razvoj otrok. Oba pristopa pomembno ugotavljata, da je potrebno razumeti otroka, ga sprejemati kot individuum, vedeti, na kakšen način razmišlja in kako mu je potrebno ustrezno predstaviti nove vsebine, ki bodo otroka zanimale, ga pritegnile in ohranile pri delu dalj časa. V nalogi predstavljamo tudi vlogo vzgojitelja in pomembnost otrokovega okolja. V empiričnem praktičnem delu predstavljamo, kako montessori pedagogika ponuja otrokom glasbo in s katerimi pripomočki. V nalogi predstavljamo tudi posamezne vsebinske dele Willemsovih vzgojno učnih ur, postopek in predloge, kako jih lahko izvajamo ter nekatere pripomočke za uspešno delo. Willems je nedvomno natančneje in bolj strukturirano izoblikoval glasbeno pedagoške metode dela, kot je to razvila pedagogika montessori v predšolskem obdobju. Njegova dognanja sem umestila v montessori okolje tako pri glasbenih dejavnostih, kot tudi v kontekstu pripravljanja materialov, ki so otrokom dostopni kadarkoli v času varstva. Tako se lahko otrok v pripravljenem montessori okolju s pomočjo Willemsovega pristopa bolje seznani z glasbeno umetnostjo. [The Montessori pedagogy and Edgar Willems' approaches to music education arouse interest in many people who work in teaching and education combined with music. It is difficult to define the reasons for this because most of the processes occur on the emotional and subconscious level based on feelings but it is a fact that in both approaches a child is viewed as a priority. While being aware of their abilities, both of them develop individual child’s potentials optimally. The methods are based on the contents that motivate a child to learn in an acceptable and fun way. There are some people who oppose these approaches but from experience we can tell that it is because certain pedagogues and music pedagogues are incompetent and don’t know The Montessori pedagogy and Edgar Willems' method. In the postgraduate thesis we present the Montessori pedagogy, its principles and philosophy basis and Edgar Willems' pedagogic approach and his teaching methods in the first theoretic part. We present the contents, the basis and the approaches they have in common and the ones that are different. We point out how music education influences the cognitive-social, affective and psychomotor children's development. Both approaches point out that it is necessary to understand a child, accept them as individuals, understand their way of thinking and introduce new topics that will be interesting and will motivate them to learn for a longer period of time. We present the role of the teacher and the importance of the child's environment. In the empirical practical part we present how the Montessori pedagogy offers music to the children and what teaching accessories they use. In the thesis we present individual learning content parts of Willems’ lessons, the procedure and suggestions for the process of teaching and some teaching accessories for successful work in class. Willems has undoubtedly created musical pedagogy methods more thoroughly and structurally than the Montessori pedagogy in the preschool period. I have incorporated his discoveries into the Montessori environment with music activities and within preparing the materials which the children can use during the day care. So a child in a well arranged Montessori environment with help of the Willems’ approach can learn more about music.]

Language: Slovenian

Published: Maribor, Slovenia, 2018

Article

Montessori Activities in India [Besant Montessori School, Juhu; Montessori Training Centre, Adyar; Shishu Vihar Montessori School, Yeotmal, Berar]

Publication: The Montessori Magazine: A Quarterly Journal for Teachers, Parents and Social Workers (India), vol. 2, no. 2

Pages: 122-123

Annie Besant Montessori School (Juhu), Asia, India, Montessori Training Centre (Adyar), Shishu Vihar Montessori School (Yeotmal), South Asia

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Language: English

Article

Modernost pedagoške koncepcije Marije Montessori [The contemporariness of Maria Montessori’s pedagogical concept / Modernität der pädagogischen Konzeption von Maria Montessori]

Available from: Hrčak - Portal of Croatian scientific and professional journals

Publication: Pedagogijska istraživanja, vol. 8, no. 2

Pages: 205-216

⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: U zadnjim desetljećima sve veći broj znanstvenika i pedagoga praktičara pokazuje interes za Montessori pedagogiju, provjerava je u praksi i potvrđuje da je riječ o modernoj, vremenu primjerenoj pedagogiji koja odgovara na razvojne potrebe suvremene djece i mladih. Brojna istraživanja pokazuju kako djeca iz Montessori škola, u usporedbi s djecom iz standardnih škola, pokazuju bolju motivaciju za učenje, višestruke interese, samostalnost i pozitivan odnos prema učenju te veću odgovornost prema zajednici. Istraživanja euroznanosti i razvojne psihologije potvrđuju postavke Montessori pedagogije o individualnom planu razvoja, koji prolazi određene stupnjeve (senzibilna razdoblja, prozori učenja) te o potrebi didaktički obliko vanog okruženja kao pomoći u individualnom razvoju. Zahtjev za slobodom, samostalnosti i samoaktivnosti Montessori je, za razliku od emancipatorske pedagogije i sociokonstruktivizma, postavila u okvire razvojne i moralne slobode i jasno defi nirala uvjete slobode i pretpostavke samostalnosti djeteta. Sloboda shvaćena kao izgradnja kompetencija za djelovanje – cilj je, ali i put, koji dijete prolazi u svome razvoju i na kojemu treba sigurnost, zaštićenost, praćenje i pomoć odraslih. Modernost Montessori pedagogije treba tražiti u znanstveno utemeljenoj psihologiji razvoja, u pedagoški oblikovanoj ponudi učenja i u pedagoškom etosu odgajatelja. [In recent decades an increasing number of scholars and pedagogues have been showing interest in the educational approach developed by Maria Montessori, applying it in practice and arguing that it is a modern and timely pedagogy that responds to the developmental needs of contemporary children and youth. Numerous surveys show that children educated in Montessori schools, in comparison to children educated in standard schools, demonstrate a greater motivation to learn, have a multiplicity of interests, display independence and a positive stance towards learning, as well as an increased sense of responsibility towards the community. Research in neuroscience and developmental psychology confi rms the hypotheses laid down by Montessori pedagogy about the individual development plan as evolving through certain stages (sensitive periods, learning windows) and about the need to have a didactically formulated environment that will support individual development. Unlike the emancipatory pedagogy and socio-constructivism, Montessori has placed the requirement for freedom, autonomy and self-activity within the bounds of a developmental and moral freedom and clearly defi ned the conditions of the freedom and the assumptions of the child’s autonomy. Freedom interpreted as a development of competencies for action represents the aim, but also the journey a child goes through during the development period when it needs safety, protection, attention and support from the adults. The contemporariness of Montessori pedagogy is to be found in scientifically-based developmental psychology, in pedagogically formulated teaching and in the pedagogical ethos of the teacher. / In den letzten Jahrzehnten wächst die Zahl von Wissenschaft lern und pädagogischen Praktikern, die sich mit der Montessori-Pädagogik beschäft igen, ihre Th esen in der Praxis überprüfen und die Meinung vertreten, dass es um eine moderne, zeitgemäße Pädagogik handelt, die auf Entwicklungsbedürfnisse der heutigen Kinder und Jugendlichen antwortet. Zahlreiche Untersuchungen bestätigen, dass die Kinder aus den Montessori-Schulen im Vergleich mit den Kindern aus den Standardschulen eine höhere Lernmotivation, vielfältigere Interessen, Selbständigkeit und positives Verhältnis zum Lernen sowie eine größere Verantwortung gegenüber der Gemeinschaft besitzen. Die im Rahmen von Neurowissenschaft en und Entwicklungspsychologie unternommenen Untersuchungen bestätigen die Hypothesen der Montessori-Pädagogik über den individuellen Entwicklungsplan, der bestimmte Stufen durchläuft (sensible Etappen, Lernfenster) sowie die Notwendigkeit einer didaktisch gestalteten Umwelt als individueller Entwicklungshilfe. Die Forderung nach der Freiheit, Selbständigkeit und Selbstaktivität stellte Montessori, im Unterschied zu emanzipatorischer Pädagogik und sozialem Konstruktivismus in den Rahmen der moralischen und Entwicklungsfreiheit und defi nierte klar die Voraussetzungen für die Freiheit und Selbständigkeit des Kindes. Die Freiheit, begriff en als Aufb au von Handlungskompetenzen, stellt das Ziel, aber auch den Weg dar, den das Kind in seiner Entwicklung zurücklegt und auf dem es Sicherheit, Geborgenheit, Hilfe und Aufsicht durch Erwachsene benötigt. Die Modernität der Montessori-Pädagogik ist in der wissenschaft lich begründeten Entwicklungspsychologie, in den pädagogisch aufb ereiteten Lernangeboten und dem pädagogischen Ethos der Erzieher zu suchen.]

Language: Croatian

ISSN: 1334-7888

Book

Aid to Life: Montessori Beyond the Classroom

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Abstract/Notes: In this book the author shares stories based on fifty years of Montessori work in thirty countries, first as a teacher of children from 2-13 in Montessori schools, then discovering new ways to use Montessori principles in a variety of situations—all aimed at inspiring, and providing practical ideas, to parents and teachers today. Here are some examples of her stories: preparing a group of elementary students in the Virgin Islands to run the class on their own; learning how to teach Montessori with no Montessori materials in a private girls school in Peru; applying Montessori in everyday situations by means of a Q and A newspaper column (twenty topics including self-esteem, preparing the home for a newborn, multiple intelligences, teenage troubles, homeschooling, and more); helping poor village children in a boarding school in Kathmandu, and blind children in Tibet; meeting with five other Montessori teachers, doctors, philosophers, educators, scientists, and the Dalai Lama in Sikkim to solve the country’s educational problems; visiting a school where Montessori helps severely disabled children and young adults in Russia; initiating a “first Year Montessori project” in an orphanage, helping village schools, and lecturing on the first Montessori 3-6 training course in Morocco. Susan shares two stories from a meeting of Educateurs sans Frontières in Thailand: Montessori help for mothers of babies born in prison, and for elders living with dementia.Enjoy the chapter describing the author and her husband reliving the book "Eloise in Paris." dictated by a four-year-old (used in the language area of some Montessori teacher training courses), and a detailed observation of a day in an authentic Montessori 3-6 class that is sure to inspire many teachers.Near the end of the book the author shares some of the solutions based on consultations with schools, and conversations with parents today, due to the unique situation of remote learning due to the pandemic. Age 0-6: Rather then recommending setting up mini-Montessori areas in the home which can cause even more stress for families, she gives suggestions on handling frustration and limited setting, welcoming the child into the daily work and activities of the family, understanding the value of protecting concentration, providing opportunities for children to be helpful and feel needed, and how to share the family ethics, morals, and even religions, in age-appropriate ways. Age 6-18: She explains the Montessori concepts of cosmic education and beginning the search for one’s cosmic task, so important at this age. She discusses homeschooling, the reasons and variety of methods, and her own experience of guiding her son’s self-chosen twelve years of homeschooling without materials or grades, but following interests.The last chapter, Stages of Development, the author explains how a Montessori education is completely different for birth-3, 3-6, 6-12, and 12-18. Rather then beginning with a desired standard academic curriculum, the learning is based on the needs and tendencies of human beings at different ages and planes, or stages, of development. As a result education becomes a joy. There are practical examples for parents and teachers.In the “Resources and Books” section, there are links to many of the projects described in the book, such as the school for the poor in Nepal. There are links to Montessori initiatives such as Educateurs sans Frontières she experienced in Thailand, Montessori for Dementia, the Montessori course for teaching adolescents, Montessori sports. There are also details about the author’s seven previous books, each one presenting Montessori in very practical examples from a unique perspective. Following Montessori principles can help anyone to dig deep and discover their inborn gifts, to gain the experience and confidence to push boundaries, to develop creative problem solving abilities, resilience, and compassion.

Language: English

Published: Arcata, California: Michael Olaf Montessori Company, 2021

ISBN: 978-1-879264-29-8

Article

Transgresje w biograficznych doświadczeniach wybitnych pedagogów: Marii Montessori i Janusza Korczaka [Transgressions in the biographical experiences of outstanding educators: Maria Montessori and Janusz Korczak]

Available from: University of Gdańsk

Publication: Podstawy Edukacji [Fundamentals of Education], vol. 10

Pages: 13-32

Janusz Korczak - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources

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Abstract/Notes: Transgressions are innovative and creative activities. They allow people to go beyond the limits of their current functioning, thus gaining new areas of activity or creating new values. Motivation specific to transgression is hubristic motivation. The article analyzes the biographical experiences of outstanding pedagogues. – Maria Montessori and Janusz Korczak. Maria Montessori – Italian physician, education system creator and Montessori pedagogy based on the needs of the child. Transcendental biography of Janusz Korczak – doctor, pedagogue, writer, journalist, visionary. Biographies contain different spaces of transgressive activities: personal, professional, social, creative, literary. They concern the concept of education, methods of pedagogical work with the child. The accomplishments of outstanding pedagogues include immutable values.

Language: Polish

ISSN: 2081-2264

Article

Maria Montessori e a Formação de Professores: O Que Dizem as Fontes Italianas? [Maria Montessori and Teacher Education: What Do Italian Sources Say?]

Available from: Sociedade Brasileira de História da Matemática (SBHMat)

Publication: Revista de História da Educação Matemática, vol. 6, no. 3

Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Teacher training, Montessori method of education - Teachers

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Abstract/Notes: Neste texto é apresentado um enredo acerca da circulação de Maria Montessori a partir fontes localizadas na Itália, fruto de um estágio sanduíche cujo um dos objetivos foi de estabelecer fios narrativos que pudessem contribuir para melhor entender aspectos que estão relacionados à circulação de Montessori e o seu contexto de produção de saberes para a formação e o ensino nas primeiras décadas do século XX. É possível dizer, pós análise, que a sistematização da proposta de Montessori na forma escrita contribuiu para a divulgação do seu método, haja vista o “boom” pós publicação da Pedagogia Científica e a publicações de artigos de revistas por ela organizadas. Vale dizer, também, que os cursos de formação de professores ganharam, também, papel importante para a circulação do seu método, haja vista as convocatórias a Montessori feitas por parte do Estado, que podem ser consideradas como reconhecimento de uma expertise para responder à uma demanda prática à época. [This text presents a plot about the circulation of Maria Montessori from sources located in Italy, the result of a sandwich stage whose objective was to establish narrative threads that could contribute to better understanding aspects that are related to the circulation of Montessori and its context of knowledge production for training and teaching in the first decades of the 20th century. It is possible to say, after analysis, that the systematization of Montessori's proposal in written form contributed to the dissemination of his method, given the boom after the publication of Scientific Pedagogy and the publication of articles in journals organized by it. It is also worth mentioning that teacher training courses have also gained an important role in the circulation of their method, given the calls to Montessori made by the State, which can be considered as recognition of an expertise to respond to a practical demand at the time.]

Language: Portuguese

ISSN: 2447-6447

Honors Thesis

The Great Italian Educator: The Montessori Method and American Nativism in the 1910s

Available from: University of Kansas

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this project is to investigate to what extent Protestant nativism impeded the spread of the Montessori Method in the United States. The Montessori Method has experienced waves of popularity in America ever since it was first introduced in 1910. During the first wave of popularity, from 1910-1917, Dr. Maria Montessori, the founder, faced backlash from educators and educational philosophers for her scientific reasoning and her pedagogical and social philosophies. Some Montessori historians believe that these factors were critical in halting the spread of the Montessori Method in America in 1917. An additional theory is that Montessori’s personal identity, as an Italian Catholic woman, impeded the reception of her ideas in America. Considering that the time period was characterized by anti-Catholic rhetoric from political organizations as well as newspapers and journals, the theory makes sense. Research for this project was conducted by examining newspaper publications that covered the Montessori Method, rebuttals of the method published by American educators, and the books and articles written by Montessori advocates. Other primary sources include Catholic publications and Dr. Montessori’s own books and writings. Secondary sources, such as autobiographies of Maria Montessori’s life and examinations of nativist activity at the beginning of the 20th Century, help paint a picture of the state of America when Dr. Montessori visited in 1913. Overall, these sources indicate that anti-Catholic sentiments played a minor role, if any, in hampering the spread of the Montessori Method. Maria Montessori’s publicist, Samuel S. McClure, crafted a particular public image for Montessori, compatible with themes of social reform, Progressive educational reform, and feminism, which would appeal to most Americans. The creation of this public image is significant as it was a manifestation of the cultural upheaval experienced during the early 20th century and had lasting implications for Progressive education and the future of the Montessori Method in America. Supporters for the method emphasized the scientific foundation of the method, Dr. Montessori’s ideas for social reform through education, and the compatibility of the method with American ideals of individual freedom and responsibility. In the end, other factors such as leading educators’ disapproval of different aspects of the method, World War I, and Dr. Montessori’s personality led to the decline of the Montessori Method in America at that time.

Language: English

Published: Lawrence, Kansas, Apr 2019

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