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Use of American Montessori Materials with Learning Disabled Children

American Montessori Society (AMS), Learning disabled children, Montessori materials, Montessori method of education

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Language: English

Published: Boston: [s.n.], 1974


✓ Peer Reviewed

Low-Level Functional Deficits in Learning-Disabled Children

Available from: SAGE Journals

Publication: Academic Therapy, vol. 8, no. 2

Pages: 231-234

Children with disabilities, Learning disabilities

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Language: English

DOI: 10.1177/105345127200800210

ISSN: 0001-396X

Undergraduate Thesis

Implementasi metode montessori dalam pembelajaran Matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi [Implementation of the Montessori method in learning Mathematics for children aged 3-4 years at PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi]

Available from: Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya Digital Library

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini dilatar belakangi oleh kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, dengan kemampuan matematika yang dimiliki anak lain, secara umum anak masih bergantung pada orang tua atau guru dalam memahami pembelajaran yang diberikan guru. Jika dilihat pada anak usia 3-4 tahun yang ada di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, mereka sudah memperlihatkan kemampuan yang dimilikinya mulai dari mengenal bilangan melalui jumlah benda sampai dengan anak mampu menyelesaikan tugas yang diberikan guru. Pada dasarnya dengan memberikan kesempatan kepada anak untuk mencari pengalaman secara langsung dapat menambah kemampuan matematika pada diri anak. Maka metode pembelajaran seperti apakah yang dilakukan di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah sehingga kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun dapat berkembang dengan baik. Rumusan masalah penelitian ini adalah (1) Bagaimana kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo, (2) Bagaimana Implementasi metode Montessori dalam kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan pengambilan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Analisa yang digunakan yakni model Miles dan Huberman dimana dalam proses analisanya dimulai dari mereduksi data, kemudian menyajikan dan verifikasi. Teknik keabsahan data yang digunakan yakni metode triangulasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa implementasi metode Montessori dalam pembelajaran matematika khususnya di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi berkembang cukup bagus karena anak mulai mampu mengenal bilangan sampai dengan memahami konsep dan mampu menyelesaikan tugas yang diberikan guru dengan sedikit atau tanpa bantuan sama sekali, hal ini menunjukkan bahwa startegi guru dalam menerapkan metode montessori dalam meningkatkan kemampuan matematika yang dimiliki anak sudah mulai berkembang dengan baik. Begitu juga dengan implementasi yang telah dilaksanakan di lembaga PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi sudah sesuai dengan tahapan yang ada pada metode Montessori mulai dari tahapan menunjukkan bilangan, tahapan mengenalkan dengan media pembelajaran kongkret sampai dengan tahapan mengingat kembali pembelajaran matematika yang sudah diberikan guru sebelumnya, sehingga anak dapat meningkatkan kemampuan matematika yang dimilikinya dengan baik. [This research is motivated by the mathematical ability of children aged 3-4 years in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, with the mathematical abilities of other children, in general children still depend on their parents or teachers in understanding the learning given by the teacher. If you look at children aged 3-4 years in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, they have shown their abilities ranging from recognizing numbers through the number of objects until the child is able to complete the tasks given by the teacher. Basically, by providing opportunities for children to seek direct experience, they can increase their mathematical abilities. So what kind of learning method is used in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah so that the mathematical abilities of children aged 3-4 years can develop well. The formulation of the research problem is (1) How is the mathematical ability of children aged 3-4 years at PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo, (2) How is the implementation of the Montessori method in the mathematical abilities of children aged 3-4 years at PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo. This study used a qualitative approach and data collection was carried out using the methods of observation, interviews, and documentation. The analysis used is the Miles and Huberman model where the analysis process starts from reducing data, then presenting and verifying. The data validity technique used is the triangulation method. The results showed that the implementation of the Montessori method in learning mathematics, especially in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi developed quite well because children began to be able to recognize numbers to understand concepts and were able to complete tasks given by the teacher with little or no help, this shows that the teacher's strategy in applying the Montessori method in improving children's mathematical abilities has begun to develop well. Likewise, the implementation that has been carried out at the PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi institution is in accordance with the stages in the Montessori method starting from the stage of showing numbers, the stage of introducing concrete learning media to the stage of recalling mathematics learning that has been given by the previous teacher, so that children can improve their mathematical abilities well.]

Language: English

Published: Surubaya, Indonesia, 2020


✓ Peer Reviewed

The Effective Components of Creativity in Digital Game-Based Learning Among Young Children: A Case Study

Available from: ScienceDirect

Publication: Children and Youth Services Review, vol. 116

Pages: 105227

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Abstract/Notes: Recent studies regarding digital game-based learning (DGBL) are increasing, having the potential to enable new forms of learning, however, it remains unclear how DGBL applications can impact young students’ creativity. The main purpose of this study is to investigate whether DGBL application technologies (tablets and smartphones), can improve creativity skills in preschool children (aged 3–6) and “what the main components effective of creative skills are to enhance learning for young children in DGBL”. In this study, the procedure is a case study and the researcher used a sample of apps that were preloaded onto one tablet for seven children aged 3–6 years old in grade Foundation Stage 1 and 2 in a selected Montessori pre-school in Malaysia. In the present study, during using educational digital games by young children, the students’ creative thinking process and the relationship between these components based on Analyzing Children's Creative Thinking framework (ACCT) are investigated in order to understand perceptions of creativity skills involved in the learning approach. The findings suggest that DGBL can potentially affect students' ability to develop creative skills and critical thinking, knowledge transfer, acquisition of skills in digital experience, and a positive attitude toward learning as well as provide for deep, insightful learning. The students experienced opportunities for engaging the creative thinking process in their activity and thinking issue understanding and learning in educational digital games. This study provides an outlook for researchers, game designers, developers in the field of DGBL, and creativity. This research provides new insights, advice, and effective suggestions on how to increase creative skills, motivate, and improve learning outcomes and demonstrate learning with DGBL composition in teaching young students.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105227

ISSN: 0190-7409

Conference Paper

mLearning in Primary Education: An Online Teacher Training Proposal Based on Montessori Education Principles

Available from: IATED Digital Library

12th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies

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Abstract/Notes: Mlearning is learning through digital mobile environments, making it possible to acquire, interrelate and share new knowledge through mobile devices. There is a consensus on the growth of the use of these devices for different educational actions. According to Sarrab, Elgamel & Aldabbas (2012), there are different recreational and pedagogical uses based on mlearning. According to De Araújo Junior et al (2019), these uses are based on the possibility of combining more than one methodology and learning strategies in line with students’ learning characteristics and needs. To this end, mlearning seeks to integrate learning theories, especially constructivist and behavioral theories to also create collaborative working environments (Crompton, Burke & Gregory, 2017). The greatest advantage of mlearning is the possibility of it being applied pedagogically beyond the school environment, with the participation of families and with various proposals for interaction between teacher-student, student-student, and teacher-student-families. This whole range of possibilities has created a new field of study. By overcoming the design approach on mlearning environments and their different effects (Devinder Singh & Zaitun, 2006), a new line of research is becoming relevant: the role of teachers and their training in the use of this technology. Sanchez-Prieto & Hernández García (2019) point out that despite its advantages, the number of teachers using this technology is still very limited. A bibliographic review of 7 scientific articles related to the use of mlearning in primary classes within different educational contexts identified that teachers still lack, not only technical and/or pedagogical but also comprehensive training, making it difficult for them to become familiar with this technology and applying it as another teaching tool in their primary classes. Considering the needs found regarding digital teacher competence, the basis of digital interaction between teacher-student-families and the assessment, selection, and design of didactic contents, this study is an integral part of the Koulu I +D project (Mobile learning in primary education) number ID19-XX-003, aims to present a proposal for teacher training taught within an online learning environment. It does so regarding the basis, application and use of mlearning in primary classes based on the principles of Montessori education: personal choice of the student, collaborative learning, self-direction, the teacher as a guide and learning by discovery. To this end, the training model is based on these points to guide the work using mlearning by considering the characteristics and needs of primary education, regardless of the tool’s typology. The training proposal is based on providing the necessary teaching knowledge to conduct the pedagogical work at the comprehension, application and assessment levels of mlearning in primary classes. The training was designed as an online format to overcome the first barrier for some teachers: the use of technology. The defined points of training to meet the demands of the application in primary classes are: Digital teacher competence, Montessori and Mlearning Pedagogy, Pedagogical tools and the possibilities of primary education and mlearning Assessment in primary education.

Language: English

Published: Online Conference: International Academy of Technology, Education and Development (IATED), 2020

Pages: 7979-7983

DOI: 10.21125/edulearn.2020.2004

ISBN: 978-84-09-17979-4


✓ Peer Reviewed

Children’s Preference for Real Activities: Even Stronger in the Montessori Children’s House

Available from: University of Kansas Libraries

Publication: Journal of Montessori Research, vol. 4, no. 2

Pages: 1-9

Americas, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: In the United States, children are often given the opportunity to engage in pretend activities; many believe this kind of play benefits children’s development. Recent research has shown, though, that when children ages 4 to 6 are given a choice to do the pretend or the real version of 9 different activities, they would prefer the real one. The reasons children gave for preferring real activities often concerned their appreciation of the functionality; when children did prefer pretend activities, their reasons often cited being afraid of, not allowed to, or unable to do the real activity. Given that children in Montessori classrooms have more experience performing real, functional activities, in this study we asked if this preference for real activities is even stronger among children in Montessori schools. We also asked children to explain their preferences. The data are from 116 3- to 6-year-old children (M = 59.63 months, SD = 12.08 months; 68 female): 62 not in Montessori schools and 54 in Montessori schools. Children explained their preferences for pretendand real versions of 9 different activities. Children in Montessori schools preferred real activities even more than did children in other preschools, but all children explained their choices in similar ways. The implications of these results are discussed with regard to play in preschool classrooms.

Language: English

DOI: 10.17161/jomr.v4i2.7586

ISSN: 2378-3923


✓ Peer Reviewed

The Importance of Cursive Handwriting Over Typewriting for Learning in the Classroom: A High-Density EEG Study of 12-Year-Old Children and Young Adults

Available from: Frontiers in Psychology

Publication: Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 11

Pages: Article 1810

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Abstract/Notes: To write by hand, to type, or to draw – which of these strategies is the most efficient for optimal learning in the classroom? As digital devices are increasingly replacing traditional writing by hand, it is crucial to examine the long-term implications of this practice. High-density electroencephalogram (HD EEG) was used in twelve young adults and twelve 12-year-old children to study brain electrical activity as they were writing in cursive by hand, typewriting, or drawing visually presented words that were varying in difficulty. Analyses of temporal spectral evolution (time-dependent amplitude changes) were performed on EEG data recorded with a 256-channel sensor array. For the young adults, we found that when writing by hand using a digital pen on a touchscreen, brain areas in the parietal and central regions showed event-related synchronized activity in the theta range. Existing literature suggests that such oscillatory neuronal activity in these particular brain areas is important for memory and for the encoding of new information and, therefore, provides the brain with optimal conditions for learning. When drawing, we found similar activation patterns in the parietal areas, in addition to event-related desynchronization in the alpha/beta range, suggesting both similarities but also slight differences in activation patterns when drawing and writing by hand. When typewriting on a keyboard, we found event-related desynchronized activity in the theta range and, to a lesser extent, in the alpha range in parietal and central brain regions. However, as this activity was desynchronized and differed from when writing by hand and drawing, its relation to learning remains unclear. For the 12-year-old children, the same activation patterns were found, but to a lesser extent. We suggest that children, from an early age, must be exposed to handwriting and drawing activities in school to establish the neuronal oscillation patterns that are beneficial for learning. We conclude that because of the benefits of sensory-motor integration due to the larger involvement of the senses as well as fine and precisely-controlled hand movements when writing by hand and when drawing, it is vital to maintain both activities in a learning environment to facilitate and optimize learning.

Language: English

DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01810

ISSN: 1664-1078


President Wilson's Daughter to Aid Mme. Montessori Show Her System

Available from: Chronicling America (Library of Congress)

Publication: The Sun (New York) (New York City, NY)

Pages: 6

Americas, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: The Montessori movement, considered by many a radical departure from traditional educational methods, will receive new emphasis and publicity from the fact that visitors to the Panama-Pacific International Exposition will see during the months of August, September, October and November not only a demonstration of the Montessori system but will see it conducted by the talented woman herself. Associated with her will be Miss Margaret Wilson, daughter of the President, Dr. David Starr Jordan, chancellor of Leland Stanford Junior University, and other well known educators. The Montessori method has been summed up as 'freedom for development of the child under best conditions disturbing as little as possible but helping buy every means this development.' Any estimate of Mme. Montessori's work to be of practical value will involve a comparison between the Montessori method and that of the kindergarten, since the kindergarten is the only system of organizes educational work for young children that has so far received general recognition. In the middle of the last century the sensitive woman soul and philosophic mind of Froebel grasped the fundamental principle of development and say that the first six or seven years are the most important in the life of the individual. After years of study he embodied what he conceived to be the fundamental principles of the education of little children in what is known as the kindergarten, and his ideas of the best means for the application of these principles in his kindergarten program, materials and devices. The discovery of the kindergarten marked a new era in the history of the educational world. Though suppressed for years by government authority in Germany, and received with much suspicion elsewhere, the kindergarten has become an integral part of the public school system of many cities and States in our country. Its introduction into England was championed by Charles Dickens, and in America it found an advocate in the philosopher and educator Dr. William T. Harris. Concerning the kindergarten and the Montessori methods, Dr. P. P. Claxton, United States Commissioner of Education says: 'Though aims and principles are the same for both Froebel and Montessori, their different methods of approach have resulted in difference in emphasis, program and decides. For those who see no further than the form there is apparent conflict. Many cannot understand that the work of both Froebel and Montessori must finally lose each its distinctive characteristics in the larger whole of a more perfect knowledge of the nature of infancy and the means of educating young children.' It must be said of Dr. Montessori that she is first, last and always scientific in her work. Prolonged training in the sciences that relate to human life, vitalized by practical experience in their application to defective children, gave her a method which is the outcome of genius, training and experience. She swung into prominence, against her wish, in the following way: While serving as assistant doctor at the psychiatric clinic of the University of Rome, Italy, she founder herself differing from her colleagues in that she felt, as she says, 'that mental deficiency presented chiefly a pedagogic rather than mainly a medical problem.' The expression of these views in an address brought Dr. Montessori prominently before the Minister of Public Instruction, and her work from this on assumed a public character. Her belief that the methods employed with deficient children 'contained educational principles more rational than those in use and that if applied to normal children they would develop or set free their personality in a marvelous and surprising way,' became her controlling idea, and is the very heart of the Montessori system. The system of Mme. Montessori is indissolubly joined with her famous 'didactic material.' Among this will be found small wooden frames to which are attached pieces of cloth or leather on which are buttons and buttonholes, hooks and eyes, eyelets and lacing cords, and strings to be tied and untied. There are also boxes of cylindrical insets and other simple devices to develop 'man's mystery over nature.' Mme. Montessori is her best interpreter when she says, 'We are inclined to believe that children are like puppets and we wash them and feed them as if they were dolls. We do not stop to think that the child that does not do does not know how to do. Our duty is that of helping him to make a conquest of such useful acts as nature intended he should perform for himself. The mother who feeds her child without making the least effort to teach him to hold the spoon for himself and to try to find his mouth with it is not a wise mother. She treats her son as though he were a doll. We call an individual disciplined when he is master of himself and can regulate his own conduct when it shall be necessary to follow some rule of life. If any educational act is to be efficacious it is necessary rigorously to avoid the arrest of spontaneous movements and the imposition of arbitrary tasks. It is of course understood here that we do not speak of a useless or dangerous act; this must be suppressed, destroyed.' The Montessori doctrine is therefore in substance that the child's inner self or personalit cannot rightfully develop unless free to express itself undirected and unguided by another person. As a consequence Dr. Montessori insists that each child be allowed bodily freedom and have as much unhampered liberty of action as possible in order that he may fully express his inner life in outer activity. The classic illustration by which Dr. Montessori puts in concrete form her doctrine is the following: 'One day the children had gathered in a circle about a basin of water containing some floating toys. A little boy 2 1/2 years old had been left outside the circle. He drew near to the other children and tried to force his way among them, but he was not strong enough to do this. The expression of thought on his face was intensely interesting. His eyes then lighted upon a little chair and he had evidently made up his mind to place it behind the group of children and climb on it. As he began to move toward the chair, his face illuminated with hope, a teacher seized him in her arms, lifted him above the heads of the other children, showed him the basin of water, saying, 'Come poor little one you shall see too.' The child seeing the floating toys did not experience the joy that he was about to feel through conquering the obstacles with his own force. The teacher hindered the child in this case from educating himself. The little fellow was about to feel himself a conqueror, and instead he found himself held within two imprisoning arms impotent.' The now famous 'House of the Children' in Rome, under the patronage of Queen Margherita, faithfully reflects and demonstrates the Montessori principles and methods. It has been described as an old orphan asylum, whose gray outer walls give no idea of the two beautiful and luxuriant courtyards within. These latter are filled with beds of blossoming plans, and the pillars of the inner porch are covered with clinging vines. The schoolroom in which the class for the children is held opens with wide double doors into one of these lovely courtyards, where the children play during hours in which they are not engaged in their Montessori exercises. Miss Elizabeth Harrison, president of the National Kindergarten Union says of this 'House of the Children': 'On my first visit I found the children busy getting out the 'didactic material' with which they were to employ themselves for the next hour and a quarter. Some came forward to shake hands with me; some merely smiled and nodded and did not interrupt their work. All seemed busy, happy and free. I afterward saw as many as eighty visitors in the room where there were only a dozen children, but none of the children were in the least disturbed by or seemingly conscious of the presence of the visitors. Most of the children came from nearby tenement houses, yet even the youngest of them washed their own hands and faces, put on clean, neat calico aprons and looked as fresh and clean as children from well cared for homes.' Comparing the kindergarten and the Montessori systems, the following differences appear: The kindergarten stresses group activities, while the Montessori system emphasized almost exclusively the development of the individual. The kindergartners say that education in coordinating of muscles, the special training of the child's senses and all such phases of individual development are expected to come in the nursery. The Montessori system has no place for stories; the kindergartners are famous for them. Mme. Montessori objects to stories for young children on the theory that all activities of the mind are derived from the outside world and are dependent on sense impressions, and that therefore the child should be kept within the realm of his own personal experience until he is at least 7 or 8 years old. It is not necessary to add that two __ meet at this point of difference. The most remarkable features of the Montessori system, as well as one of its decided points of divergence from the kindergarten, lies in its ___ of definite attitude on religious training. Froebel, trained in an environment where instruction in religion is practically nationwide, says that while the child unconsciously manifests teh divine impuse within him he must follow it with conscious insights persisting in what he knows to do right and must needs have definite training of this kind. Montessori, on the other hand, with nuns as her assistants and attendants in her 'House of the Children,' acknowledges the importance of religious training for little children, 'but confesses that as yet it is an unsolved problem to her.' Miss Harrison, who spent some time in Rome with Mme. Montessori says, 'She [Montessori] seems to feel that a child's spiritual nature will ___ aright if freedom is given ....

Language: English

ISSN: 1940-7831

Doctoral Dissertation

The Potentiality of Play: The Shifting Design Language of Play-Based Learning

Available from: Edinburgh Napier University

Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Play, Student-centered learning

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Abstract/Notes: This thesis, underpinned by cross-cultural design ethnography (DE) and research through design (RtD), re-reads play-based learning constructs as design practice. In doing so, it charts the shifting relationship between design and theories of play-based learning. The work frames the design of play-based learning processes, from their emergence in historical learning environments such as the Montessori method to current pedagogies of STEAM learning. This evolutionary focus will be of interest to a wide range of stakeholders such as pedagogues, designers, and policy makers, each of whom contribute to where, what and how children are taught. This thesis presents the following arguments: Firstly, it frames and re-reads key historical play pedagogues as designers and design thinkers, whose work has shaped and influenced the evolution of play-based learning through the inception of play artefacts, spaces, and structures. This thesis further elucidates that design-thinking has been at the heart of play-based learning, demonstrated through the design of modular and standardised pedagogic objects and spaces of historic learning environments. The design evolution within this framework helps to enlighten the development of tinkering and iterative prototyping as twenty-first century affordances of learning through play. Secondly, this thesis uses observation-based design ethnography of the Montessori method, to argue that Montessori’s restrictive pedagogy can be counterproductive to learning through intuitive processes of exploration and iteration. Thirdly, by adapting the practice-based research method of research through design (RtD), the thesis demonstrates and proposes that twenty-first century design affordances of tinkering and iteration can be suitably integrated to enrich historic play-based learning environments such as the Montessori method. In each of these arguments, the ways in which pedagogic theories of play are interwoven with the language of design thinking are revealed. By bringing into focus the triad of play, pedagogy, and design, an additional educational landscape of twenty-first century cultural learning environments is explored. Cultural learning environments (CLEs) such as museums and public galleries extend the scope of play-based learning beyond formalised spaces of schools and bring into relief, the predominance of design while incepting platforms, ateliers, and activities to initiate learning through play.

Language: English

Published: Edinburgh, Scotland, 2021

Bachelors Thesis

Η ενσωμάτωση των παιδιών με μαθησιακές δυσκολίες στο εκπαιδευτικό σύστημα Μοντεσσόρι [The Inclusion of Children with Learning Disabilities into the Montessori Education System]

Available from: University of Western Macedonia

Children with disabilities, Europe, Greece, Inclusive education, Learning disabilities, Montessori method of education, Southern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: Η εργασία αναφέρεται στην δυνατότητα ενσωμάτωσης παιδιών προσχολικής ηλικίας με ειδικές μαθησιακές δυσκολίες στο παιδαγωγικό σύστημα Μοντεσσόρι. Πιο αναλυτικά η παρούσα πτυχιακή εργασία αποτελείται από τρία κεφάλαια, ουσιαστικά τρία κύρια μέρη. Το πρώτο κεφάλαιο της εργασίας παρουσιάζει τον εννοιολογικό προσδιορισμό των μαθησιακών δυσκολιών και αναφέρει αναλυτικά τα χαρακτηριστικά των παιδιών με ειδικές μαθησιακές δυσκολίες. Μετέπειτα, αναφέρεται στο ιδανικό εκπαιδευτικό περιβάλλον μάθησης, στο οποίο κατηγοριοποιούνται οι πιο συχνές ειδικές μαθησιακές δυσκολίες. Αφετέρου, τεκμηριώνεται με σαφήνεια ο ορισμός και η έννοια της ενσωμάτωσης στο πλαίσιο του παιδαγωγικού συστήματος της Μοντεσσόρι εστιασμένο σε παιδιά με ειδικές μαθησιακές δυσκολίες και τεκμηριώνονται οι παράγοντες που επηρεάζουν την ενσωμάτωση. Το δεύτερο κεφάλαιο περιλαμβάνει το Διαθεματικό Ενιαίο Πλαίσιο Προγραμμάτων Σπουδών (ΔΕΠΠΣ), τις βασικές αρχές και τον σκοπό ολόπλευρης ανάπτυξης των παιδιών και την ανάγκη ποικίλων διδακτικών προσεγγίσεων, διότι κάθε άτομο έχει διαφορετικές ανάγκες. Επίσης, επισημαίνεται η αναγνώριση πρώιμων ενδείξεων για τις ειδικές μαθησιακές δυσκολίες στην πρώιμη σχολική ηλικία. Ακόμη, τονίζεται η σημασία της πρώιμης παρέμβασης ως προς την αποφυγή δευτερογενών προβλημάτων. Το τρίτο κεφάλαιο αναφέρεται αρχικά, στην βιογραφία και το έργο της Μαρίας Μοντεσσόρι, στη συνέχεια, παρουσιάζονται τρόποι για την χρήση εκπαιδευτικού υλικού σε παιδιά με ειδικές μαθησιακές δυσκολίες. Επίσης, περιγράφεται η οπτική της Μοντεσσόρι για τα παιδιά με ειδικές μαθησιακές δυσκολίες. Τέλος, αναλύεται ο ρόλος του εκπαιδευτικού και το πρόγραμμα σπουδών για τα παιδιά φυσιολογικής ανάπτυξης που συμπεριλαμβάνει και τα παιδιά που αντιμετωπίζουν μαθησιακές δυσκολίες. [The current thesis refers to the possibility of integrating preschool children with special learning disabilities into the Montessori pedagogical system. In more detail, this dissertation consists of three chapters, essentially three main parts. The first chapter of the work presents the conceptual definition of learning disabilities and mentions in detail the characteristics of children with special learning disabilities. Subsequently, it refers in detail to the ideal educational learning environment, in which the most common special learning disabilities are categorized. On the other hand, the definition and concept of integration within the Montessori pedagogical system is clearly documented in children with special learning disabilities and the factors that affect integration are documented. The second chapter includes the Interdisciplinary Unified Curriculum Framework (IUCF), the basic principles and purpose of children's all-round development and the need for a variety of teaching approaches, because each person has different needs. It is also important to recognize early indications of special learning disabilities in the kindergarten. It also emphasizes the importance of early intervention to avoid secondary problems. The third chapter first deals with the biography and work of Maria Montessori, then presents ways to use educational material in children with special learning disabilities. Montessori's vision for children with special learning disabilities is also described. Lastly are analyzed the role of the teacher and the curriculum for children of normal development, including children with learning disabilities.]

Language: Greek

Published: Kozani, Greece, 2020

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