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Doctoral Dissertation (Ph.D.)
Teacher and Director Beliefs About Their Simultaneous Implementation of the Montessori Method and Quebec’s Educational Programme
Available from: Concordia University - Institutional Repository
Abstract/Notes: Teachers and directors of early childhood education and care (ECEC) centres in Quebec have to conform to provincial guidelines when implementing their educational programme. Those in centres that identify as Montessori are simultaneously faced with the sometimes-conflicting directives of the Montessori method and Ministry guidelines. This dissertation responds to the dilemma of facing such a dual frame of reference. I report the results of an investigation which explores the beliefs and reflections on the experiences of teachers and directors in four ECEC centres that identify as Montessori in the province of Quebec. Based on a review of the literature, I designed a mixed method project with two related studies. Study 1 was a questionnaire targeted towards Ministry-recognized centres in the province of Quebec that identify as Montessori. Results from this initial study helped to paint the current landscape with data collected from 25 Montessori-inspired centres in the province, and also provided a source for recruitment of potential participants for Study 2. The second study was a deeper investigation, which used a qualitative design to explore the beliefs of teachers and directors from four individual centres that identified as Montessori. The study explored teacher and director beliefs about their implementation of the Montessori method and of Quebec’s educational programme. This was pursued through the use of questionnaires, interviews, and document reviews that provided rich descriptions of the phenomenon under study. Thematic analysis of the data led to five core themes, which emerged inductively from facing the dual frame of reference, namely: each child is unique, pedagogical approaches promoting children’s learning and development, teacher’s role in promoting children’s learning and development, parent’s role in promoting children’s learning and development, and challenges faced in promoting children’s potential. However, besides the noted similarities in beliefs, variations and contradictions also appeared. The results indicate that distinctions in beliefs - both among participants and within centres - emerged particularly around the notions of free play, pretense, creativity, and parental involvement. On this basis, further research is recommended to explore the effects of such suggested inconsistencies in Montessori programme implementation on both practical and scholarly platforms.
Published: Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 2022
Doctoral Dissertation (Ph.D.)
Technology in the Montessori Adolescent Environment
Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses
Abstract/Notes: Prior to this qualitative descriptive study, it was not known how Montessori teachers of adolescents describe using technology and its influence on thematic learning and student citizenship in the United States. The Montessori adolescent learning theory does not address technology use, but educational technology is now ubiquitous. Using interviews, a focus group, a questionnaire, and classroom artifacts, the researcher thematically analyzed data from 11 participants and found ten themes (Theme number in parenthesis) which indicated Montessori teachers use technology with their adolescent students to inspire citizenship by using technology (1) to teach life lessons, (2) in their microeconomy program, and (3) in service learning; in thematic learning (4) with individual students, (5) with groups of students, and (6) to support the teaching of non-technology lessons; yet (7) teachers struggle to balance technology use and the Montessori emphasis on work of the hand, especially given the lack of guidance from AMI and AMS on how to incorporate technology into the adolescent environment. Teachers rely upon their (8) cultivated relationships with students and the strong Montessori adolescent community to mitigate the dangers of communicating online and by being aware of student mental health. This research found (9) the Covid pandemic response meant cancellations, changes, and modifications to traditional activities. This research found (10) technology can be used in the Montessori adolescent environment to foster interested, engaged students working creatively to produce outstanding work that leads to a sense of valorization for the student.
Published: Phoenix, Arizona, 2021
Schooling on the Margins: The Problems and Possibilities of Montessori Schools in Australia
Available from: Taylor and Francis Online
Publication: Cambridge Journal of Education
Date: Mar 19, 2023
Abstract/Notes: Often considered dumping grounds for those who cannot function in mainstream schools, alternative education providers are seen as outliers in the provision of schooling. With schools as relatively stable workplaces, alternative education provision makes for a rich laboratory to further our understanding of the causal impact of schooling on a range of outcomes. They are naturally occurring experiments in schooling through interventions in instruction, curriculum and student cohort. Montessori school-based education in Australia is one such case. Experiencing a 31% growth in enrolments since 2009, they offer useful insights for different measures of education. A pre-requisite to such insights is a situational analysis of current provision. Drawing on an interview-based study with 20 Montessori school leaders, this investigation identified three problems and possibilities for schools working on the margins: i) clarity about what is their distinctive form of education; ii) building the collective; and iii) evidencing quality of provision.
The Change Is in Me. The Transformation of Adults to the Role of the Montessori Guide. Qualitative - Biographical Research Study / Zmiana jest we mnie. Transformacja dorosłych do roli przewodnika Montessori. Raport z badania jakościowo – biograficznego
Available from: CZASOPISMA - Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Techniczno-Ekonomiczna
Publication: Edukacja Elementarna w Teorii i Praktyce / Elementary Education in Theory and Practice, vol. 18, no. 1 (no. 68)
Abstract/Notes: Artykuł stanowi sprawozdanie z badania jakościowo – biograficznego zrealizowanego wśród dwóch grup uczestników biorących udział w kursach Montessori. Podstawowym celem badania była analiza znaczeń nadawanych zmianie. Pytanie badawcze sformułowano następująco: Jak uczestnicy kursu Montessori (6-12) tematyzują swój proces transformacji? Artykuł podejmuje kwestię zmiany edukacyjnej w kontekście wiedzy milczącej oraz teorii osobistych a następnie opisuje procedurę gromadzenia i analizy danych z dwudziestu pięciu pogłębionych, jakościowych wywiadów indywidualnych, które następnie poddano analizie zgodnie z opisanymi przez Kvale siedmioma krokami. W rezultacie analiz udało się zidentyfikować i opisać dwie główne kategorie: radykalną transformację oraz korektę biograficzną. W końcowej części artykułu autor, w kontekście zebranego materiału zwraca uwagę na ograniczone możliwości narzucania zmiany w edukacji i – podążając za głosami uczestników badania rekomenduje pożądane warunki do zaistnienia potencjalnych zmian: tworzenie nauczycielom warunków wolności do podejmowania decyzji i tworzenia autorskich rozwiązań dydaktycznych, demokratyzacja sfery związanej z edukacją oraz wspieranie poczucia godności wśród nauczycieli.
Innovation of Preschool Education: Foreign Practices and Domestic Experience of Their Implementation / Інноватизація Дошкільної Освіти: Зарубіжні Практики та Вітчизняний Досвід ïх Впровадження
Available from: Perspectives and Innovations of Science (Ukraine)
Publication: Perspectives and Innovations of Science. Psychology, Pedagogy, Medicine / Перспективи та Інновації Науки, no. 5 (5)
Abstract/Notes: The academic paper studies the foreign practices and domestic experience of their implementation in the process of innovation of preschool education as one of the important structural elements in the system of preschool educational institutions of Ukraine. It has been established that ensuring the proper functioning of the field of preschool education is considered as one of the priority state objectives, as an important structural element of providing quality educational services. The statements of scientists concerning the components of the quality of preschool education have been analysed. The management of the quality of preschool education on the basis of national standards and regulatory support has been investigated. The Concept of education development for the period 2015-2025 and the State standard of preschool education have been analysed. It has been established that modern pedagogy reconsiders the issues of upbringing, education and development of personality from the standpoint of analysis of the new socialcultural situation, modern requirements for the personality formation and taking into account the integration of world and domestic science. It has been determined that the main foreign practice in the process of innovation of preschool education is the Montessori Method. It has been revealed that the main principles of the pedagogical process according to Montessori methodology are as follows: availability of a special set of didactic material, availability of rules in Montessori environment, special training of the teacher, freedom of choice, error control, children - active participants in the learning process, maximum independence, and lack of grades and lack of competitive motive. It has been found that more than 20,000 schools around the world are currently using the Montessori methodology for children from birth to 18 years old. It has been investigated that the following methods are used in foreign practice of innovation of preschool education, namely: video modelling technique, direct instruction technique, visual cues technique, technique with symbolic games, feedback training technique, random learning technique, model of so-called peer learning, model of psychological and pedagogical support and language training.
The Benefits And Barriers To Arts Integration: Arts Accessibility In Public Montessori
Available from: University of New England - Digital Repository
Abstract/Notes: This mixed-method exploratory case study investigates the research question: To what extent do pre-K through eighth-grade public Montessori school teachers perceive that their professional knowledge and abilities, experiences, and resources impact their capacity to integrate arts into their general classroom curriculum? Public Montessori teachers from five public-choice Montessori schools in a school district of the suburban and urban areas of southeastern South Carolina were invited to participate. The teachers in these public Montessori schools have varied levels of education and professional development experience with the arts in education. Some participants were general education teachers prior to becoming Montessori teachers due to the transition of traditional program elementary schools to Montessori schools. Survey questions addressed themes and subthemes related to integrating the arts with core curriculum subjects including math, history, science, English language arts, and social justice and humanities. The subthemes were also designed to delineate perceptions of experience or knowledge with visual arts, music, dance, poetry, drama, and theater. Data were gathered from the participant responses and a district program description, including professional development offerings. To analyze the data, the research question themes were coded by the field annotations: abilities, knowledge, resources, benefits, and barriers. The coding involved identifying patterns and similarities in the teachers’ responses of their perceptions related to arts integration in their Montessori classrooms. The overall results indicated the teacher participants believe that students who exhibit excess energy would benefit from an increase in movement, collaboration, and music, as well as a significant increase in exposure to the arts. Largely, the teachers indicated feeling uncertain about integrating the arts into their Montessori classrooms due to barriers such as lack of resources, time, and professional development experience. Therefore, it is recommended that educational leaders create professional development opportunities through collaboration with the arts team at each school, the community arts professionals, and the district administration.
Published: Biddeford, Maine, 2021
Doctoral Dissertation (Ed.D.)
Project-Based and Student-Centered Learning in Teaching the Montessori Social Development Curriculum
Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses
Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to explore how Montessori middle school educators described the use of project-based and student-centered learning to teach social development to their adolescent female students in the southeast region of the United States. The theoretical framework providing a lens for this examination of project-based and student-centered learning and how teachers described how such learning exercised on their students’ social development was Vygotsky’s social learning and development theory. Two research questions were posed for this study. RQ1 asked: How do Montessori middle school educators describe the use of project-based learning to teach social development to their adolescent female students? RQ2 asked: How do Montessori middle school educators describe the use of student-centered learning to teach social development to their adolescent female students? The sample (N = 30) completed 30 questionnaires, 10 individual semi-structured interviews via Zoom, and a 3-member focus group via Zoom. The sampling strategy was purposeful sampling. All participants originated from the southeast region of the United States and represented one school. An open-ended questionnaire, semi-structured interviews, and a focus group were the sources of data. Thematic analysis with an inductive coding approach was performed to identify, analyze, and report patterns emerging from the data. Four key themes emerged: (a) promoting the construction of knowledge; (b) student voice and choice; (c) student ownership and agency; (d) construction of learning. The results highlighted the important role that Montessori middle school educators play when teaching adolescents girls.
Published: Phoenix, Arizona, 2021
Penggunaan Media Sanpaper Latter terhadap Keaksaraan Awal Anak Kelompok B di PAUD Jaya Henida Palembang [The Use of Sandpaper Letter Materials for Group B Children's Early Literacy at PAUD Jaya Henida Palembang]
Available from: Ulil Albab Institute
Publication: ULIL ALBAB: Jurnal Ilmiah Multidisiplin, vol. 2, no. 4
Date: Mar 2023
Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori materials, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Sandpaper letters, Southeast Asia
Abstract/Notes: Masalah dalam Penelitian ini Adakah pengaruh penggunaan media sandpaper letters terhadap pengenalan huruf pada anak kelompok B di PAUD Jaya Henida Palembang?. Penelitian ini bertujuan Untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan media sandpaper letters terhadap pengenalan huruf anak kelompok B di PAUD Jaya Henida Palembang. Metode penelitian yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini adalah dokumentasi. Berdasarkan penelitian yang telah dilakukan di PAUD Jaya Henida Palembang, maka dapat ditarik beberapa kesimpulan sebagai berikut : 1) Kemampuan keaksaraan anak PAUD pada umumnya telah mencapai perkembangan normal dalam tahap kemunculan literasi, meliputi kemampuan dengar – bicara dan baca – tulis; 2) Kendala dan kebutuhan guru dalam pengembangan keaksaraan, diantaranya kurangnya peralatan dan materi, buku sumber, sarana dan fasilitas yang memadai; 3) Desain pengembangan keaksaraan di fokuskan pada kegiatan menstimulus kemunculan kemampuan dengar – bicara baca – tulis sesuai dengan tahap perkembangan anak PAUD; 4) Cara mengembangkan alat peraga sandpaper letter berbasis metode Montessori yaittu sebagai berikut : pertama, alat peraga menarik. Kedua, alat peraga memiliki gradasi. Ketiga, alat peraga digunakan untuk dapat melatih anak belajar secara mandiri. Keempat, alat peraga digunakan untuk mengetahui kesalahan yang terjadi dengan adanya alat peraga.
A Philosophical Perspective on the Purpose of Education in Indonesia
Available from: Springer Link
Book Title: Comparative and Decolonial Studies in Philosophy of Education
Asia, Australasia, Comparative education, Friedrich Fröbel - Philosophy, Indonesia, Ki Hajar Dewantara - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Rabindranath Tagore - Philosophy, Southeast Asia
Abstract/Notes: This chapter will look at the purpose of education in the context of Indonesia’s past and present. I will draw on the philosophy of Ki Hajar Dewantara (1889–1959), who is regarded as the father of Indonesian education. In conceptualising education, he was influenced by his upbringing, local culture, and international influences from various educators and philosophers such as Rabindranath Tagore, Maria Montessori, and Friedrich Fröbel. This chapter is particularly timely because the Indonesian government has started to critically re-examine two of the educational concepts proposed by Dewantara, which are “pendidikan karakter” (character education) and “merdeka belajar” (independent learning). The chapter will start with a discussion on the purpose of education before introducing Dewantara and his background. I will then offer two comparisons; First, between Dewantara’s purpose of education and the aims of Dutch schools during the colonial period in Indonesia, highlighting the importance of imparting local wisdom and values in Dewantara’s school which were ignored by the colonial schools. Second, between Dewantara’s purpose of education and the current government’s policies. By doing so, I will highlight the different purposes articulated for education in various contexts, from the colonial era to present-day Indonesia. The conclusion of this chapter is that there have been profound changes to the very purpose of education in Indonesia. Nevertheless, Dewantara’s philosophy is still very much relevant today and thus, the Indonesian government should revisit its conceptualisation of the foundations of education. Dewantara’s thought is also likely to see increased interest in other countries due to a growing global demand for awareness of non-Western educational philosophies.
Published: Singapore: Springer Nature, 2023
Edition: 1st ed.
The Progressive Classroom: Unlocking the Potential of Learning for the Future
Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Progressive education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Reggio Emilia approach (Early childhood education) - Criticism, interpretation, etc.
Published: Chennai, India: Clever Fox Publishing, 2023
Hartford Early Childhood Program, Hartford, Connecticut: An Urban Public School System's Large-Scale Approach Toward Restructuring Early Childhood Education. Model Programs - Childhood Education
Available from: ERIC
Abstract/Notes: The Hartford Early Childhood Program involves more than 4,500 children from 4 years old to first grade level in over 200 classrooms. Classrooms are designed to offer children an environment that encourages them to learn independently. Ideas have been borrowed from the Montessori approach and the British Infant Schools and fitted to the needs of the Hartford school district's urban students. The program philosophy embodies new approaches that can be used in old school buildings such as formal education beginning at 3 years, mixed-age "family" grouping, interest centers, and emphasis on intrinsic motivation toward personel success. Future plans call for extension of the program to all public school classes in grades K through 2. Sources of more detailed information are provided for this program, specifically, and for Model Programs Childhood Education, in general. (Author/WY)
Published: Palo Alto, California, 1970
Frequency of Six Early Childhood Education Approaches: A 10-year Content Analysis of Early Childhood Educational Journal
Available from: Springer Link
Publication: Early Childhood Education Journal, vol. 34, no. 5
Abstract/Notes: The frequency of early childhood education approaches spanning 10 years of publications was investigated. A content analysis of publications (N = 492) from Early Childhood Education Journal was conducted. From a previous content analysis six approaches or search words were identified: Bank Street, Head Start, High/Scope, Montessori, Reggio Emilia, and Waldorf. Overall, the current content analysis demonstrated that the Head Start approach most frequently appeared. The results indicate that approaches vary as to their frequency of appearance and that contributors of Early Childhood Education Journal have investigated, reflected upon, and expanded upon approaches to educating young children to different degrees. This finding may be beneficial to future contributors of Early Childhood Education Journal. In addition, we have provided a brief overview of each approach that early childhood professionals may use to aid parents with their early childhood education enrollment decisions.
ISSN: 1082-3301, 1573-1707
Early Childhood Education in Nigeria: Proceedings of the International Seminar on Early Childhood Education, Zaria, 4-8 July, 1983
Africa, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa, West Africa
Abstract/Notes: Proceedings of the Internationa Seminar on Early Childhood Education, held in Zaria [Nigeria], 4-8 July, 1983. "Organised by the Institute of Education, Ahmadu Bello University in Collaboration with the London Montessori Institute"--Title page verso. Early childhood education at the crossroads in Nigeria / Emmanuel U. Emovon (17 p.). -- Montessori philosophy in early childhood education / Sandra Nash Petrek (22 p.). -- Cultural roots of the child's moral and intellectual growth in Africa / Etim N. E. Udoh (40 p.). -- Implications of Piagetan theory to elementary education in Nigeria / O. M. Onibokun (24 p.). -- Headstart : assumptions and curriculum models--what relevance for Nigeria? / Eileen B. Wilson (20 p.). -- Classroom pedagogy: a case for the development of critical thinking / Rodney Burton (32 p.). -- Childhood education in Nigeria: A study of Ilorin schools / S. O. Medahunsi (32 p.). -- Day in a pre-school: A Nigerian experience / Kathleen Kano (20 p.). Early childhood education in two cultures: The U.S.A. and the Jamaican experience / Anne Lou Blevins (45 p.). -- Traditional factors in African education / D. O. Adewoye (27 p.). -- Moral development in the child through Christian education / J Idowu-Fearon (18 p.). -- Educating the teachers of children / Grace Alele Williams (19 p.). -- Child, the teacher and the classroom with relation to nursery education / Fola A. Fagbohun (16 p.). -- Child's socialization in Islam / Zainab Said Kabir (31 p.). -- Environment and the education of the child / J. M. Ibiwoye (24 p.). -- Environment and the education of the child / A. B. Ayanniyi (15 p.). -- Bilingualism in early childhood education in Nigeria: Problems and possibilities / Theresa T. Imasuen (15 p.). -- Comparative study of the role expectations of children's needs in the Carribean and Nigeria / S. U. Compton-Adegbite (15 p.). -- Teacher and the child with special educational needs / Karen Odock (13 p.). -- Special education for pre-primary children: Intervention and remediation / C. A. Sam (26 p.). -- Theory and practice of educating maladjusted children in Nigeria / J. A. Shindi (18 p.). -- Children with special educational needs: The case of bilingual children / R. A. Chijioke (30 p.).
Published: Zaria, Nigeria: Institute of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, 1983
Okul Öncesi Öğretmen Adaylarının Montessori ve Reggio Emilia Yaklaşımları ile İlgili Görüşleri / The views of pre-service preschool teachers regarding Montessori and Reggio Emilia approaches
Available from: DergiPark Akademik
Publication: İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi / Inonu University Journal of the Faculty of Education, vol. 15, no. 3
Asia, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Reggio Emilia approach (Early childhood education) - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Teachers - Attitudes, Turkey, Western Asia
Abstract/Notes: This study aims to describe views of pre-service preschool teachers about Montessori and Reggio Emilia Approaches. Participants of the study were 30 pre-service preschool teachers who attended “Modern Approaches to Early Childhood Education” course. Data of the study was collected through reflection papers written by participants. At the end of data analysis process, three main themes were determined for each approach: positive aspects, negative aspects and applicability in Turkey. According to findings, the pre-service teachers have stated that use of Montessori materials and real life materials, promoting children’s self-discipline skills, child-centeredness and keeping classroom in order were positive aspects of Montessori approach; however, the increased responsibility of the teachers, limited group activities and use of real life materials were the negative aspects of the approach. In addition, according to half of the pre-service teachers, the Montessori Method was not available; and the other half has stated that use of this method was too hard but not impossible. The cooperation with parents, supporting creativity of children, using documentation technique for assessment and child-centeredness were mentioned as positive aspects of the Reggio Emilia Approach. On the other hand, focusing on art and creativity, and using emergent curriculum were emphasized as negative aspects. Lastly, all pre-service preschool teachers have agreed that the Reggio Emilia Approach could not be used in Turkey. / Bu çalışma, okul öncesi öğretmen adaylarının Montessori yaklaşımı ve Reggio Emilia yaklaşımı ile ilgili görüşlerini ortaya koymayı amaçlamaktadır. Çalışmanın katılımcılarını "Okul Öncesi Eğitiminde Çağdaş Yaklaşımlar" dersine kayıtlı 30 öğretmen adayı oluşturmaktadır. Çalışmanın verisi, yansıtma raporları (reflection paper) ile toplanmıştır. Veri analizleri sonucunda her bir yaklaşım için 3 ana tema belirlenmiştir: (1) Olumlu yönler, (2) olumsuz yönler ve (3) Türkiye'de uygulanabilirlik. Bulgulara göre; öğretmen adayları sınıfta Montessori materyallerinin ve gerçek materyallerin kullanılması, çocuğa özdenetim becerisi kazandırılması, sınıf ortamının düzenli olması gibi durumları bu metodun olumlu yönleri olarak dile getirirken, öğretmenin sorumluluğunun artırması, büyük grup etkinliklerinin sınırlı olması ve sınıfta gerçek materyallerin kullanılması gibi noktaları da olumsuzluk olarak dile getirmişlerdir. Ayrıca çalışmaya katılan adayların yarısına göre bu metodun Türkiye’de uygulanması mümkün değilken, yarısına yakınına göre ise kullanılabilmesi çok zordur ama imkânsız değildir. Reggio Emilia yaklaşımı ile ilgili olarak ise, yöntemin aile ile işbirliğini kullanması, yaratıcılığı desteklemesi ve değerlendirme için dokümantasyon yöntemini kullanması gibi durumlar olumlu görülürken, sanat ve yaratıcılığın ön planda olması ve anlık hazırlanan program kullanılması gibi noktalar olumsuzluklar olarak ifade edilmiştir. Ayrıca çalışmaya katılan öğretmen adaylarının tamamı, bu yaklaşımın Türkiye’de kullanımının mümkün olmayacağı konusunda hemfikirdir.
Włoskie koncepcje wychowania i edukacji dziecka w wieku przedszkolnym. Metoda Marii Montessori i podejście Reggio Emilia / Italian Approaches to Early Childhood Education: The Montessori Method and the Reggio Emilia Approach
Available from: Jesuit University Ignatianum in Krakow
Publication: Edukacja Elementarna w Teorii i Praktyce / Elementary Education in Theory and Practice, vol. 13, no. 1 (whole no. 47)
Comparative education, Europe, Italy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Reggio Emilia approach (Early childhood education) - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southern Europe
Abstract/Notes: The paper presents two Italian approaches to early childhood education: the Montessori method and the Reggio Emilia approach. Although they emerged in different historical periods and socio-political realities, these two approaches have a lot in common with regard to values like love and respect for children and their developmental rights. Moreover, they share a belief in the potential and boundless resources of the child as well as shifting the emphasis from a teacher’s activity to that of the child. In comparison to the Montessori method, the Reggio Emilia approach strongly highlights the importance of relations and interactions in the children’s learning process. Group work, which has been one of the fundamentals of the Reggio Emilia approach from the very beginning, is the main difference between these two approaches. The article presents the background of each pedagogical idea (the Montessori method – the beginning of 20th century, Reggio Emilia – the 1950s). The description of the ideas is based on such aspects as the image of a child, the image of a teacher and the role of environment in education. In the article, the authors refer mainly to the thoughts of Montessori, the creator of her own method, and Loris Malaguzzi, who was the leader of the educational experience in Reggio Emilia. / Szkic ten przybliża dwie włoskie koncepcje wychowania i edukacji dziecka w wieku przedszkolnym: metodę Montessori i podejście Reggio Emilia. Choć powstawały one w odrębnych okresach historycznych i realiach polityczno-społecznych, w odniesieniu do wartości, takich jak miłość i szacunek do dziecka czy respektowanie jego praw rozwojowych, obydwie koncepcje mają wiele wspólnego. Tym, co je łączy, jest wiara w potencjał i nieograniczone zasoby dziecka, a także przeniesienie akcentu z aktywności nauczyciela w stronę aktywności dziecka. W odniesieniu do metody Montessori, w podejściu Reggio Emilia silniej uwypuklony jest aspekt relacji i interakcji w dziecięcym procesie uczenia. Wspólnotowy wymiar, będący od początku istnienia przedszkoli Reggio Emilia podstawą ich funkcjonowania, jest jedną z najistotniejszych różnic pomiędzy zaprezentowanymi podejściami, i w związku z tym odmiennymi rozwiązaniami edukacyjnymi. W artykule przedstawiono podłoże powstania koncepcji M. Montessori (początek XX w.) i podejścia Reggio Emilia (lata 50. XX w.). W obydwu systemach zaprezentowano wizję dziecka i nauczyciela oraz istotę środowiska wychowawczo-edukacyjnego tworzonego dla dzieci w przestrzeni instytucjonalnej. Założeniem autorek tekstu było przywołanie myśli, rozważań i refleksji twórców oryginalnych włoskich teorii pedagogicznych.
ISSN: 1896-2327, 2353-7787
Vision and Invention: Early childhood Education Inspired by the Reggio Emilia and Montessori Approaches
Published: Denver, Colorado, 2005
Play and Learning in Early Childhood Education: The Contribution of High Scope, Reggio Emilia, and Montessori Pedagogical Approaches
Available from: IGI Global
Book Title: Early Childhood Education From an Intercultural and Bilingual Perspective
Abstract/Notes: The key role of toys and play in early years education has been highlighted by several childhood pedagogues such as Froebel, Montessori, Weikart, and Malaguzzi, among many others. It is consensual among the international educational community that children now spend far more time being instructed an...
Published: Hershey, Pennsylvania: IGI Global, 2018
Beyond Developmentalism? Early Childhood Teachers' Understandings of Multiage Grouping in Early Childhood Education and Care
Available from: SAGE Journals
Publication: Australasian Journal of Early Childhood, vol. 34, no. 4
Abstract/Notes: Postdevelopmental perspectives in early childhood education and care increasingly reference alternative ways of understanding learning, growth and development in early learning. Drawing on these ideas, this paper examines research findings which focused on early childhood teachers' understandings of multiage grouping. The findings suggested that teachers used predominantly developmental approaches to describing their experiences of multiage grouping, and proposed that the use of postdevelopmental perspectives in multiage grouping research has the potential to realise new ways of understanding learning and development as both concepts and practices within the multiage classroom.
ISSN: 1836-9391, 1839-5961
Implementation of Montessori Concept in Educating Early Childhood (Case Study of the Role of Early Childhood Education Teachers)
Available from: Indonesian Journal of Early Childhood Education Studies
Publication: Indonesian Journal of Early Childhood Education Studies, vol. 11, no. 2
Date: Nov 2022
Abstract/Notes: As one of the leading figures of early childhood education, Montessori has provided a variety of concepts and thoughts in the development of early childhood education. The purpose of this study is to find out how to implement the concept of the role of teachers in montessori early childhood education in PAUD institutions. This research is qualitative descriptive research with this type of field research. In data collection researchers use interview, observation and documentation techniques. As for analyzing the data, researchers use three steps, namely ranging from data verification, presentation of data to drawing conclusions. The results of this study are the concept of the role of teachers respecting children, teachers respecting child development, teachers as observers, teachers preparing and maintaining the learning environment, teachers as interventions and teachers as catalysts applied by teachers through their role as educators, mentors, facilitators, organizers, evaluators and motivators for children. Keywords: role of teacher, education, early childhood, Montessori
Montessori Approach in Character Education in Early Childhood Education
Available from: Journal of Positive School Psychology
Publication: Journal of Positive School Psychology, vol. 6, no. 6
Asia, Australasia, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Indonesia, Montessori method of education, Southeast Asia
Abstract/Notes: Character education is an effort to form good values imprinted in a person and manifested in the form of behavior so they can distinguish themselves from others. This character education aims to form a strong and noble human being. All educational institutions realize how important the development of character education is for students in their institutions. However, the process of character education has not been fully able to run effectively in all educational institutions because schools emphasize more on increasing students' cognitive abilities. This study aimed to obtain an overview of the extent to which teachers understand the importance of character education in Early Childhood Education (ECE) and the Montessori Method in shaping the character of students. This study is quantitative with a descriptive approach. The sample in this study was ECE teachers in Panongan Sub-district, Tangerang Regency, totaling 112 people. The selection of samples was done using the Simple Random Sampling method. The instrument used was a survey distributed to respondents via Google form. The results of the study indicate that ECE teachers have understood the importance of character education and the Montessori Method which is integrated into 6 aspects of early childhood development through a character education process that is provided continuously at every level.