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Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

The Social State, Active Citizen and Empowering Education: Contribution of Montessori’s Humanistic Philosophy of Education / Социальное государство, активный гражданин и расширяющее права и возможности образование: вклад гуманистической философии образования Монтессори / Әлеуметтік мемлекет, белсенді азамат құбылысы және құқық пен мүмкіндіктерді кеңейтетін білім беру жүйесі: Монтессоридің гуманистік білім беру философиясының үлесі

Available from: Adam alemi

Publication: Adam Alemi, vol. 94, no. 4

Pages: 78-86

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Abstract/Notes: The social state, the phenomenon of the active citizen, and empowering education are the actual goals of what ‘New Kazakhstan’ has to achieve. Maria Montessori is a globally known, leading thinker and practitioner of humanistic education philosophy and positive social transformations. Montessori believed in and practiced the principles of developing non-commercialized and accessible to all quality education, which is not just child-centric but is also conducive to creating global citizens with an inclusive outlook who perceive themselves as the integral parts of the whole, called Universe. Montessori’s education philosophy helps children develop a way of thinking based on the unity of the Universe, awakens and sustains in them an unrestrained interest in exploring the Universe, evokes creativity, and induces them to see everything in interconnectedness. Overall, an analysis of Cosmic education, a fundamental concept in Montessori’s humanistic philosophy of education, which also can be depicted as empowering education, shows some concrete ways how to form active citizens, create a vital social state and build an inclusive society. / Социальное государство, феномен “активный граждан” и расширяющее права и возможности образование – одни из главных целей, которых должен достичь «Новый Казахстан». Мария Монтессори – одна из всемирно известных ученых и практиктов философии гуманистического образования и позитивных социальных преобразований. Монтессори верила и практиковала принципы развития доступного для всех, некоммерческого и качественного образования, которое не только ориентировано на ребенка, но и способствует формированию глобальных граждан с инклюзивным мировоззрением, которые воспринимают себя как неотъемлемую часть целого, называемого Вселенная. Философия образования Монтессори помогает формировать у детей образ мышления, основанный на единстве Вселенной, пробуждает и поддерживает в них безудержный интерес к познанию Вселенной, пробуждает творчество и побуждает видеть все во взаимосвязи. В целом, анализ Космического образования, фундаментальной концепции гуманистической философии образования Монтессори, которая по сути является расширяющей права и возможности системой образованием, может показать некоторые пути создания феномена “активный гражданин”, формирования сильного социального государства и построения инклюзивного общества. / Әлеуметтік мемлекетті, белсенді азамат құбылысын және құқық пен мүмкіндіктерді кеңейтетін білім беру жүйесін – «Жаңа Қазақстанның» қол жеткізуі тиіс басты мақсаттарының арасында атауға болады. Мария Монтессори – жаһанға танымал, гуманистік білім беру философиясы мен оң әлеуметтік өзгерістер жасаудың жетекші ойшылы және практиктерінің бірі. Монтессори барлық азаматтарға қолжетімді, коммерциялық емес сапалы білім беруді дамыту қағидаттарына сенді және оны жүзеге асыра білді. Монтессоридің білім беру философиясы баланы (яғни баланың қажеттіліктерін) негізге алып қана қоймай, сонымен бірге балаға өзін “Ғалам” деп аталатын үлкен жүйенің ажырамас бөлігі және жаһан азаматы ретінде қабылдайтын инклюзивті көзқарас құруға ықпал етеді. Монтессори білім беру философиясы балаларға Ғаламда әр нәрсенің басқалармен тығыз байланыста екенін көрсетуге негізделген ойлау тәсілін дамытуға көмектеседі, оларда Ғаламды зерттеуге деген шексіз қызығушылықты оятады және қолдайды, шығармашылық рухты оятады. Тұтастай алғанда, Монтессоридің гуманистік білім беру философиясында (оны құқық пен мүмкіндіктерді кеңейтетін білім беру жүйесі деп те сипатауға болады) іргелі тұжырымдама болып табылатын “Ғарыштық білім” түсінігі, белсенді азамат құбылысын қалыптастырудың, күшті әлеуметтік мемлекет пен инклюзивті қоғам құрудың кейбір нақты жолдарын көрсетеді.

Language: English

DOI: 10.48010/2022.4/1999-5849.08

ISSN: 1999-5849

Article

Colegio Montessori-Palau de Girona: Educación primaria - la educación cósmica [Colegio Montessori-Palau de Girona: Primary Education - Cosmic Education]

Publication: Cuadernos de Pedagogía, no. 455

Pages: 23-24

Cosmic education, Europe, Southern Europe, Spain

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Language: Spanish

ISSN: 0210-0630

Article

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Konsep Montessori Tentang Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini Dalam Perspektif Pendidikan Islam [The Montessori Concept of Early Childhood Education in the Perspective of Islamic Education]

Available from: Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga (Indonesia)

Publication: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam [Journal of Islamic Religious Education], vol. 11, no. 1

Pages: 37-52

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Religious education, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Education is the business of adults to prepare children to be able to live independently and is able to perform the duties of his life as well as possible. The toddler years are a golden period for the growth and development of children. Development of each child must be observed, education and teaching needs to be ailored to the child’s development. Montessori is early childhood education leaders who opened the eyes of their sensitive period in children, Montessori asserted that education is self-education. Montessori then use the freedom and liveliness of the child with the best in the method, so that each child had the opportunity to evolve according to the nature and talent. In Islam, God entrusted the child is to be protected and educated with the best. Therefore, addressing the development and early childhood education, the need for an educational program that is designed in accordance with the child’s developmental level. This study aims to describe and analyze the Montessori concept of early childhood education in the perspective of Islamic education. Data collection through literature study is based on primary and secondary data. Data analysis using analytic descriptive with inductive thinking patterns. The results showed: 1) Montesssori shift from teacher-education center central (teachers as a source of learning) be child-central (protégé as a center of learning); 2) Sensitive Periods expressed early age is a sensitive period; 3) The freedom and independence according to the Montessori system is not real freedom, but freedom is limited; 4) Child’s Self-Construction stating that children construct their own development of his soul; 5) At the time of early childhood have a soul absorbent range of knowledge and experience in his life. Montessori concept in Islamic educational perspective, the emphasis is on the child’s intellectual is right. However, it should pay attention to other aspects such as emotional aspects and skills.

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.14421/jpai.2014.111-03

ISSN: 2502-2075

Article

Science Education and Scientific Education

Publication: NAMTA Quarterly, vol. 1, no. 1

Pages: 24-27

North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals

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Language: English

Article

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A Successful Experiment in Child Education [The Henry Barnard School, Rhode Island College of Education, Providence]

Available from: JSTOR

Publication: Elementary School Journal, vol. 30, no. 7

Pages: 539-546

Americas, Henry Barnard School (Rhode Island) - History, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - History, North America, United States of America

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Language: English

DOI: 10.1086/456450

ISSN: 1554-8279, 0013-5984

Article

Montessori-Pädagogik und die Blindenpädagogik [Montessori education and education for the blind]

Publication: Das Kind, no. 26

Pages: 74-78

Blind, Children with disabilities, Inclusive education, Montessori method of education

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Language: German

ISSN: 0949-2682

Book

The Advanced Montessori Method: Scientific Pedagogy as Applied to the Education of Children from Seven to Eleven Years. Volume 1, Spontaneous Activity in Education

Maria Montessori - Writings, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: Also known by the title: Spontaneous Activity in Education.

Language: English

Published: Oxford, England: Clio, 1997

ISBN: 1-85109-114-9

Series: The Clio Montessori series , 9

Volume: 1 of 2

Master's Thesis (M. Ed.)

Mise en perspective des convergences et des divergences entre les contenus liés au domaine psychomoteur du programme d'éducation préscolaire du Québec (1997) et du programme d'éducation préscolaire Montessorien.

Available from: Université du Québec à Montréal

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Abstract/Notes: Cette recherche avait pour objectif de mettre en perspective le programme préscolaire québécois (MEQ, 1997) et le programme préscolaire issu du modèle pédagogique montessorien (Pédagogie Scientifique, 1958), dans le but de dégager les similitudes et les particularités de leurs contenus liés au domaine psychomoteur. Une analyse globale des problèmes généraux liés à l'éducation préscolaire et un bref rappel du contexte actuel de l'éducation préscolaire au Québec et ailleurs, nous a permis de faire ressortir les infrastructures qui posent problèmes au niveau préscolaire et qui sont en interrelation constante à savoir: les besoins de l'enfant d'âge préscolaire, les objectifs des programmes qui leur sont destinés, les méthodes et techniques utilisées. Le mode d'évaluation des enfants au préscolaire justifie la problématique de recherche et la prise en compte de l'aspect psychomoteur dans cette recherche. Nous avons élaboré une grille d'analyse visant à dégager les contenus liés au domaine psychomoteur de chacun des programmes analysés. La comparaison des deux programmes nous a permis de faire ressortir de nombreux contenus portant sur la psychomotricité. Les résultats de la présente recherche ont permis de révéler l'existence de certaines divergences et convergences entre les éléments liés au domaine psychomoteur, soit par rapport à leur valeur sémantique, soit par rapport à l'échelle de valeur qui leur est accordée dans chacun des programmes respectifs. En outre, nous avons pu constater la pertinence du choix méthodologique que nous avons fait de recourir à une démarche inspirée de l'analyse systémique lors de la comparaison et de l'analyse des programmes en question. Autour de cette assise sont apparus des éléments que nous pouvons qualifier d'invariants: l'intervenant, l'enfant, la méthode, le matériel et les techniques d'enseignement, d'apprentissage et d'évaluation. Enfin le présent travail met en évidence la problématique toujours actuelle de l'intervention pédagogique au préscolaire et de l'application des programmes. Il ouvre aussi des avenues pour de possibles recherches quant à la problématique des contenus des programmes et de leur application, particulièrement au niveau préscolaire.

Language: French

Published: Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 2006

Article

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Maria Montessori and Embodied Education: Current Proposal in Preschool Education

Available from: Università di Bologna

Publication: Ricerche di Pedagogia e Didattica / Journal of Theories and Research in Education, vol. 16, no. 2

Pages: 149-163

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Abstract/Notes: The Montessorian proposal for childhood education appears highly modern and relevant in relation to the development of both motor skills and cognitive functions (Shivji, 2016;), strongly supported by neurosciences’ embodied theories (Roessingh, H. & Bence, M. 2018)), and the increasing wellbeing problem related to childhood (Pate et al, 2014; Ross, 2012). This review analyses Maria Montessori’s modern educational vision, in light of the emerging needs of today’s children. The contribution reviews existing literature focusing on body and movement, but connected with cognitive, emotional and well-being aspects, which are critical in preschool education, both for educators/teachers (Atli, 2016; Akkerman, 2014; Lillard, 2011), and for school reform policies (Lillard, 2019).

Language: English

DOI: 10.6092/issn.1970-2221/12195

ISSN: 1970-2221

Book

Education Before Five: A Handbook on Preschool Education

Available from: ERIC

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Abstract/Notes: This handbook was designed as a guide to acquaint child care workers and parents with the broad spectrum of preschool programs now in existence. In section I, theoretical approaches to preschool education such as Montessori, Piagetian, Progressive, Developmental-Interactionist, Behaviorist, and Psychoanalytic and the effects of these different approaches on practice are reviewed and discussed. Section II contains descriptions of a wide variety of center-based and home-based preschool programs and Section III presents a brief overview of the evaluation of preschool programs. In Section IV, some considerations and recommendations for establishing an effective preschool program are presented and in Section V, the importance of preschool education is examined. Section VI contains a discussion of trends, issues and future directions of preschool education. An extensive bibliography is included.

Language: English

Published: New York, New York: Bank Street College of Education, 1977

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