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Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Maria Montessori Durante il Fascismo [Maria Montessori During Fascism]

Available from: Torrossa

Publication: Cadmo: Giornale Italiano Di Pedagogia Sperimentale, Didattica, Docimologia, Tecnologia Dell'istruzione, vol. 13, no. 2

Pages: 7-22

Authoritarianism, Europe, Fascism, Italy, Southern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: The late 1920s and early 1930s in Italy saw the peak of a process establishing Montessori pedagogy which would come to an end within a decade with the drastic closure of all Montessori schools in the country. This epilogue, which would also be seen in those years in other countries with a similar political regime, calls for an analysis of the relations between the creator of the most famous and widespread pedagogical method in the world and the political regime that favoured the application and dissemination of the method in Italy - a country in which it had still not encountered those conditions of realisation that would instead come about in the crucial years of the rise of Fascism and the completion of the totalitarian state. The essay examines the main events marking the history of Montessori’s conflictual relationship with Fascism in the years 1924-1934, from the initial contacts characterising it and leading up to the final break, after which Montessori finally left Italy until the end of World War II.

Language: Italian

DOI: 10.1400/60014

ISSN: 1122-5165, 1972-5019

Article

A View of India: Reflections on the Practice of Montessori Education at One School [Magic Years Montessori School, Delhi]

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 4, no. 3

Pages: 11

Asia, India, Public Montessori, South Asia

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Undergraduate Thesis

Implementasi metode montessori dalam pembelajaran Matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi [Implementation of the Montessori method in learning Mathematics for children aged 3-4 years at PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi]

Available from: Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya Digital Library

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini dilatar belakangi oleh kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, dengan kemampuan matematika yang dimiliki anak lain, secara umum anak masih bergantung pada orang tua atau guru dalam memahami pembelajaran yang diberikan guru. Jika dilihat pada anak usia 3-4 tahun yang ada di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, mereka sudah memperlihatkan kemampuan yang dimilikinya mulai dari mengenal bilangan melalui jumlah benda sampai dengan anak mampu menyelesaikan tugas yang diberikan guru. Pada dasarnya dengan memberikan kesempatan kepada anak untuk mencari pengalaman secara langsung dapat menambah kemampuan matematika pada diri anak. Maka metode pembelajaran seperti apakah yang dilakukan di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah sehingga kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun dapat berkembang dengan baik. Rumusan masalah penelitian ini adalah (1) Bagaimana kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo, (2) Bagaimana Implementasi metode Montessori dalam kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan pengambilan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Analisa yang digunakan yakni model Miles dan Huberman dimana dalam proses analisanya dimulai dari mereduksi data, kemudian menyajikan dan verifikasi. Teknik keabsahan data yang digunakan yakni metode triangulasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa implementasi metode Montessori dalam pembelajaran matematika khususnya di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi berkembang cukup bagus karena anak mulai mampu mengenal bilangan sampai dengan memahami konsep dan mampu menyelesaikan tugas yang diberikan guru dengan sedikit atau tanpa bantuan sama sekali, hal ini menunjukkan bahwa startegi guru dalam menerapkan metode montessori dalam meningkatkan kemampuan matematika yang dimiliki anak sudah mulai berkembang dengan baik. Begitu juga dengan implementasi yang telah dilaksanakan di lembaga PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi sudah sesuai dengan tahapan yang ada pada metode Montessori mulai dari tahapan menunjukkan bilangan, tahapan mengenalkan dengan media pembelajaran kongkret sampai dengan tahapan mengingat kembali pembelajaran matematika yang sudah diberikan guru sebelumnya, sehingga anak dapat meningkatkan kemampuan matematika yang dimilikinya dengan baik. [This research is motivated by the mathematical ability of children aged 3-4 years in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, with the mathematical abilities of other children, in general children still depend on their parents or teachers in understanding the learning given by the teacher. If you look at children aged 3-4 years in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, they have shown their abilities ranging from recognizing numbers through the number of objects until the child is able to complete the tasks given by the teacher. Basically, by providing opportunities for children to seek direct experience, they can increase their mathematical abilities. So what kind of learning method is used in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah so that the mathematical abilities of children aged 3-4 years can develop well. The formulation of the research problem is (1) How is the mathematical ability of children aged 3-4 years at PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo, (2) How is the implementation of the Montessori method in the mathematical abilities of children aged 3-4 years at PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo. This study used a qualitative approach and data collection was carried out using the methods of observation, interviews, and documentation. The analysis used is the Miles and Huberman model where the analysis process starts from reducing data, then presenting and verifying. The data validity technique used is the triangulation method. The results showed that the implementation of the Montessori method in learning mathematics, especially in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi developed quite well because children began to be able to recognize numbers to understand concepts and were able to complete tasks given by the teacher with little or no help, this shows that the teacher's strategy in applying the Montessori method in improving children's mathematical abilities has begun to develop well. Likewise, the implementation that has been carried out at the PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi institution is in accordance with the stages in the Montessori method starting from the stage of showing numbers, the stage of introducing concrete learning media to the stage of recalling mathematics learning that has been given by the previous teacher, so that children can improve their mathematical abilities well.]

Language: English

Published: Surubaya, Indonesia, 2020

Article

Noch einmal: Maria Montessori [Again: Maria Montessori]

Publication: Jugendwohl: katholische Zeitschrift für Kinder- und Jugendfürsorge, vol. 40

Pages: 157-158

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Language: German

ISSN: 0022-5975

Thesis

A Montessori eszközök alkalmazása a matematika tanításban egy Montessori-jellegű osztályban

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Language: Hungarian

Published: Budapest, Hungary, 2006

Article

Advanced Montessori Method - I. Spontaneous Activities in Education, II. The Montessori Elementary Material [book review]

Available from: HathiTrust

Publication: Educational Review, vol. 56

Pages: 432-438

Book reviews

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Language: English

Article

Montessori 101: What is a Montessori Material?

Available from: ISSUU

Publication: Tomorrow's Child, vol. 30, no. 3

Pages: 28-29

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Bachelor's Thesis

Mobiliário infantil: conceito de uma cama Montessori / Children's furniture: a Montessori bed concept

Available from: Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho"

Design, Furniture

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Abstract/Notes: The present research is based on Montessori pedagogical methodology. Created by Maria Montessori, this is a set of theories, practices and didactic materials. According to Montessori, the most important fact is not the material or the practice, but the possibility of developing the child's abilities from the evolution of each. From this, the proposal is the development of a children's furniture - a bed - from the study proposed by Montessori, considering characteristics of child development, children's furniture and ergonomics. The projects a product that contributes to the child developing in its ‘natural time’ with freedom and autonomy. / A presente pesquisa tem base na metodologia pedagógica montessoiana. Criada por Maria Montessori, trata-se de um conjunto de teorias, práticas e materiais didáticos. De acordo com Montessori, o fato mais importante não é o material ou a prática, mas a possibilidade do desenvolvimento das habilidades da criança a partir da evolução de cada um. A partir disso, a proposta é o desenvolvimento de um mobiliário infantil – uma cama – a partir do estudo proposto por Montessori, considerando características do desenvolvimento infantil, mobiliário infantil e ergonomia. O projeto é de um produto que contribua para que a criança se desenvolva em seu “tempo natural” com liberdade e autonomia.

Language: Portuguese

Published: São Paulo, Brazil, 2018

Article

Crèche Montessori nel cuore d'Europa: l'Opera Nazionale Montessori prescelta dalla Banca europea degli investimenti per gestire il nido internazionale in Lussemburgo

Publication: Vita dell'Infanzia (Opera Nazionale Montessori), vol. 49, no. 10

Pages: 13

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Language: Italian

ISSN: 0042-7241

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

La didattica Montessori nella scuola dell’infanzia: Un metodo per programmare spazi e tempi a misura di bambino / La didáctica Montessori en la escuela infantil: Un método para programar espacios y tiempos a medida de los niños / The Montessori approach to the Early Childhood Education: A method to organize spaces and times that fits to children

Available from: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

Publication: RELAdEI (Revista Latinoamericana de Educación Infantil), vol. 3, no. 2

Pages: 81-93

Autonomy in children, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Montessori materials, Montessori method of education, Prepared environment

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Abstract/Notes: Nella consapevolezza che spazi e tempi costituiscono spesso il principale strumento educativo per coloro che frequentano la prima scuola a più livelli – tanto per i bambini, nei quali tali categorie contribuiscono a rafforzare il livello di familiarità con il contesto di apprendimento, quanto per gli educatori, che riconoscono spesso nell’organizzazione di spazi e tempi scolastici un fondamentale dispositivo didattico – il presente contributo intende focalizzare l’attenzione sul metodo Montessori, che rappresenta in tal senso un utile strumento per adattare spazi e tempi della programmazione educativa ai ritmi di apprendimento e ai livelli cognitivi dei bambini. Il principio 'dell’aiutami a fare da solo' alla base del metodo Montessori, che per i bambini presenta valenza emancipativa, in quanto dispositivo ideale per apprendere l’autonomia, può dunque diventare per gli educatori un utile strumento didattico per avviare un’azione trasformativa della propria esperienza professionale e per ripensare in termini progettuali il proprio agire formativo. / Los espacios y tiempos son, con frecuencia y desde diversas perspectivas, el principal instrumento educativo para los niños de Educación Infantil. Son importantes para los niños, porque contribuyen a reforzar el nivel de familiaridad con el contexto de aprendizaje, y lo son para los educadores porque la organización de los espacios y de los tiempos escolares resulta, para ellos, un dispositivo didáctico fundamental. El presente artículo quiere dirigir la atención al método Montessori que representa, en tal sentido, un instrumento útil para adaptar los espacios y los tiempos de la programación educativa a los ritmos de aprendizaje y a los niveles cognitivos de los niños. El principio de 'Ayúdame a hacerlo yo sólo' que está en la base del método Montessori, tiene para los niños un valor de emancipación en cuanto dispositivo ideal para aprender la autonomía y puede, por lo tanto, convertirse para los educadores en un instrumento didáctico útil para empezar una acción transformadora de su propia experiencia profesional y para repensar, en términos de proyecto, su propia acción educativa. / Space and time are often, and from different perspectives, the main educational tools for Early Childhood Education. They are very important for children because they help them to strengthen their level of familiarity with the context of learning, and so are for educators because the organization of space and school time acts as an essential teaching device. This article aims to draw attention to the Montessori method because it represents, in this sense, a useful tool to adapt the spaces and times of educational programming to the rhythms of learning and to cognitive levels of children. The principle of “Help me do it by myself”, which is one of the basis of the Montessori method, has a great value for emancipation as an ideal device for children to learn autonomy. This principle may, therefore, become a useful teaching tool for educators to transform their professional experience and to rethink, in terms of project, their own educational practices.

Language: Italian

ISSN: 2255-0666

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