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Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

The Influence of Montessori Education and Traditional Education on Children's Learning Psychology

Available from: Darcy and Roy Press

Publication: Journal of Education and Educational Research, vol. 6, no. 3

Pages: 131-133

Asia, China, Comparative education, East Asia, Learning strategies, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation

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Abstract/Notes: This paper aims to explore the influence of Montessori education and traditional education on children's learning psychology and compare the advantages and disadvantages of the two educational methods. First, the influence of Montessori education and traditional education on children's learning ability and attitude was explored through observation and comparative analysis. In terms of learning ability, Montessori education focuses on cultivating children's independent learning ability and practical ability, while traditional education pays more attention to the indoctrination of knowledge and examination results. In terms of learning attitude, Montessori education cultivates children's concentration and continuity, while traditional education may lead to children's interest in learning and motivation to learn. Next, the advantages and disadvantages of Montessori education and traditional education are analyzed. Finally, the integration and innovation of Montessori education and traditional education are discussed. In conclusion, Montessori education and traditional education have different influences in terms of children's learning psychology, and integrated education may provide better educational methods for children's all-round development.

Language: English

DOI: 10.54097/1y1s8e93

ISSN: 2957-9465

Doctoral Dissertation (Ed.D.)

Searching for Equity in Education: A Qualitative Study Examining the Experiences of African American Families in Accessing and Financing Montessori Education

Available from: ProQuest - Dissertations and Theses

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Abstract/Notes: In this qualitative, interpretive study, I examine the experiences of African American families in accessing and financing Montessori education in the United States, including African American families who did or did not eventually enroll their child(ren) in Montessori schools. The extant literature notes that African American families are disproportionately underrepresented in Montessori schools, despite an interest in this form of education. Grounded in the theoretical framework of critical race theory, I analyze participants’ perspectives on the role of race, and relatedly class, on what helped or hindered their awareness of, access to, and financing of Montessori education. Through 45–60-minute interviews with 13 African American families characterized as interested in enrolling their children in Montessori education, I found the following themes in regard to my research questions. First, participants’ experiences were noted as the power of social capital, challenge of logistics, and competing tensions in enrollment decision making. Second, hindrances to participants’ access and financing of Montessori education included: financial and financial aid barriers, gaps in equitable communication and marketing strategies, and limited diversity & equity initiatives. Third, participants found sources of support for accessing and financing Montessori education through a guiding belief in the philosophy of Montessori education and external change agents. Implications for theory and practice are included.

Language: English

Published: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2022

Report

Hartford Early Childhood Program, Hartford, Connecticut: An Urban Public School System's Large-Scale Approach Toward Restructuring Early Childhood Education. Model Programs - Childhood Education

Available from: ERIC

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Abstract/Notes: The Hartford Early Childhood Program involves more than 4,500 children from 4 years old to first grade level in over 200 classrooms. Classrooms are designed to offer children an environment that encourages them to learn independently. Ideas have been borrowed from the Montessori approach and the British Infant Schools and fitted to the needs of the Hartford school district's urban students. The program philosophy embodies new approaches that can be used in old school buildings such as formal education beginning at 3 years, mixed-age "family" grouping, interest centers, and emphasis on intrinsic motivation toward personel success. Future plans call for extension of the program to all public school classes in grades K through 2. Sources of more detailed information are provided for this program, specifically, and for Model Programs Childhood Education, in general. (Author/WY)

Language: English

Published: Palo Alto, California, 1970

Book Section

Internationalism in Progressive Education and Initial Steps Towards a World Education Movement

Book Title: Progressive Education Across the Continents: A Handbook

Pages: 11-27

Educational change, New Education Fellowship, New Education Movement, Education - History

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Language: English

Published: Frankfurt am Main, Germany: Peter Lang, 1995

ISBN: 978-3-631-48917-8 978-0-8204-2914-4 3-631-48917-X 0-8204-2914-7

Series: Heidelberger Studien zur Erziehungswissenschaft (Frankfurt am Main, Germany) , 44

Doctoral Dissertation

The New Education Fellowship and the Reconstruction of Education: 1945 to 1966

Available from: UCL

Educational change, Europe, New Education Fellowship, New Education Movement, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Abstract/Notes: During the 1920s and 1930s, the New Education Fellowship (NEF), founded in 1919, established itself as an important international force for radical education and educational experimentation. Its membership was drawn from many different countries and included some of the most prominent progressive educators of that period. By 1945, however, the movement was experiencing international decline. Membership had fallen and in many countries the new educational network had ceased to exist. This situation was a result not only of the destruction of the new educational network in Europe during the Second World War, but also of the change in the outlook of educationists and reformers who sought new solutions to the problems of the reconstruction of society and education. The purpose of this study is to explore the NEF's importance as a disseminator of educational and political ideals after 1945 and its contribution to debates about the post-war reconstruction of education and society, using the considerable but currently little-researched material held at the Institute of Education, University of London. This thesis examines the NEF's network after 1945 and considers how far the NEF successfully extended its membership amongst school teachers and educationists at teacher training colleges. The NEF also sought to develop an international network. The international activities of the NEF, both through links with other organisations, for example, the United Nations Educational, Social and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), and its membership in those countries where the NEF maintained branches are explored in order to gauge the success of the NEF as a movement with internationalist ambitions.

Language: English

Published: London, England, 2009

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Una rivista internazionale per il movimento montessoriano: The Call of Education (1924-25) / An international journal for the Montessori Movement: The Call of Education (1924-25)

Available from: Hemeroteca Científica Catalana

Publication: Educació i Història: Revista d'Història de l'Educació, no. 40

Pages: 55-81

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - History

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Abstract/Notes: The multilingual journal of the Montessori movement The Call of Education (1924-1925) marks a stage in the internationalisation of the method in the context of educational renewal between the wars. It was also the result of a mature Montessori associationism in the Netherlands. Through the profiles of the editors who flanked Montessori, J.L.C. Godefroy and G. Révész, it is possible to discern common dynamics in the pedagogical mobilisation of a bourgeoisie committed to early childhood education and some specific features that made Amsterdam a Montessori capital. / La revista multilingüe del movimiento Montessori The Call of Education (1924-1925) marca una etapa en la internacionalización del método en el contexto de la renovación educativa del periodo de entreguerras. Al mismo tiempo, es el resultado de la madurez de las asociaciones Montessori en los Países Bajos. A través de los perfiles de los dos editores que trabajan junto a Montessori, J.L.C. Godefroy y G. Révész, es posible captar algunas dinámicas comunes de movilización pedagógica de una burguesía educadora y algunas características específicas que hacen de la ciudad de Ámsterdam, una capital Montessori. / La revista multilingüe del moviment Montessori The Call of Education (1924-1925) marca una etapa en la internacionalització del mètode en el context de la renovació educativa del període d’entreguerres. Al mateix temps, és el resultat de la maduresa de les associacions Montessori als Països Baixos. A través dels perfils dels dos editors que treballen al costat de Montessori, J. L. C. Godefroy i G. Révész, és possible copsar algunes dinàmiques comunes de mobilització pedagògica d’una burgesia educadora i algunes característiques específiques que fan de la ciutat d’Amsterdam, una capital Montessori. / La revista multilingüe del movimiento Montessori The Call of Education (1924- 1925) marca una etapa en la internacionalización del método en el contexto de la renovación educativa del periodo de entreguerras. Al mismo tiempo, es el resultado de la madurez de las asociaciones Montessori en los Países Bajos. A través de los perfiles de los dos editores que trabajan junto a Montessori, J.L.C. Godefroy y G. Révész, es posible captar algunas dinámicas comunes de movilización pedagógica de una burguesía educadora y algunas características específicas que hacen de la ciudad de Ámsterdam, una capital Montessori.

Language: Italian

DOI: 10.2436/e&h.v0i40.150349

ISSN: 2013-9632, 1134-0258

Book

Die progressive Erziehungsbewegung: Verlauf und Auswirkung der Reformpädagogik in den USA [The Progressive Education Movement. Developments and Effects of Progressive Education in the United States]

Americas, Educational change, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori movement, Progressive education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., United States of America

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Language: German

Published: Hannover, Germany: Hermann Schroedel, 1977

ISBN: 978-3-507-38230-5

Series: Bildungsproblem in der Geschichte des europäischen Erziehungsdenkens , 2

Book Section

The New Education Fellowship: An International Forum for Progressive Education

Book Title: Progressive Education Across the Continents: A Handbook

Pages: 179-191

Educational change, New Education Fellowship, New Education Movement, Progressive education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Language: English

Published: Frankfurt am Main, Germany: Peter Lang, 1995

ISBN: 978-3-631-48917-8 978-0-8204-2914-4 3-631-48917-X 0-8204-2914-7

Series: Heidelberger Studien zur Erziehungswissenschaft (Frankfurt am Main, Germany) , 44

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Education as Cultural Mobilisation: The Great War and Its Effects on Moral Education in the Netherlands

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, vol. 50, no. 5

Pages: 685-706

Europe, Holland, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - History, Netherlands, Western Europe

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Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/00309230.2014.911756

ISSN: 0030-9230, 1477-674X

Report

Comparing Montessori Education and Conventional Education on Aspects of Creativity

Available from: Syracuse University

Comparative education, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: My Honors Thesis compares creativity in children taught in a Montessori classroom with students taught in a conventional classroom. I tested 58 children at Belle Valley Elementary School in Erie Pennsylvania, half in the Montessori program, half in traditional classrooms. Their ages ranged from 5-9, from kindergarten to 3rd grade. I hypothesized that the independence allowed in Montessori classrooms would help foster creativity in its students. The project uses two forms of evaluation to test the concept of creativity, the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking and consensual assessment to score a creative collage. Significant developmental differences were found; older children scored higher on the creativity tests. There was, however, no significant difference between Montessori and conventionally taught children. The conclusion is that in young children creativity develops over time, but that the type of schooling does not moderate this development.

Language: English

Published: Syracuse, New York, 2005

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