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Doctoral Dissertation

Möjligheter och begränsningar: Om lärares arbete med montessoripedagogiken i praktiken [Opportunities and limitations: About teachers' work with Montessori pedagogy in practice]

Available from: DiVA Portal

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Abstract/Notes: This study examines processes connected to teacher’s transformation of the Montessori theory and it's described application to a daily practice. The aim is to create knowledge about what constitutes possibilities and limitations for teachers in their daily work with Montessori education. This does not only refer to what constitutes opportunities and limitations in teachers' everyday work with teaching, but also to what constitutes opportunities and limitations for teachers to learn at work. The theoretical framework is based on action theory and theories on adult learning and connects to a tradition called workplace-learning in which learning is considered to take place in, but also between, individuals. This approach indicates that the contextual conditions which the teachers were imbedded in are important to identify. The study was conducted in four different Montessori-environments and involved nine Montessori teachers. The methods used were participant observation, interviews, informal conversations and review of teacher produced material and documents. Possibilities and limitations in teachers work were related to if they had access to Montessori materials or not. In work with Montessori materials teachers identified the children's abilities to a greater extent than they did when other materials were in use. This identification directed their interventions. When the teachers did not have access to Montessori material their method often appeared to be the same as “individual work” with the provided material. Furthermore, interventions of the teacher were then significantly often procedural rather than content-related, although the teachers clearly expressed that they wanted to go into a dialogue with children about the treated subject area. The survey therefore contradicts with the opinion that Montessori-teachers withdraw in favor of Montessori materials that sometimes has been brought up by interpreters of the pedagogy. Rather, teachers stepped back when other materials were in use. The study also shows how a prerequisite for a collective development-oriented learning among the teachers was dependent on whether teachers made their own private understanding of the pedagogy available to each other. At times, however, teachers took the use of the materials for granted. Some of the teachers also deliberately refrained from making their personal understanding available to others due to the fact that they then could be seen as a less competent Montessori-teacher. This maintaining of a “false” collective understanding is seen as an expression of an institutionalization of teaching practice which was maintained by sanctions from the environment if the individual didn´t recognize the institutionalization in question. Since teacher’s “space for action” in this way was limited, the institution created conditions that prevented a possible development of the working methods in use. In those cases when conditions for a collective development-oriented learning were more favorable, it was clear that the teachers did not perceive Montessori education as a given method but rather saw it as a "model" for teaching in which the teachers had to interpret and define their own method from. The teachers thus came to take advantage of a potential “space for action” which was not noticed when the pedagogy was seen as a method.

Language: Swedish

Published: Stockholm, Sweden, 2016

Book Section

Englisch in der Montessori-Freiarbeit: Materialien, Ideen, Spiele [English in Montessori free work: materials, ideas, games]

Book Title: Montessori-Pädagogik in Deutschland: Rückblick - Aktualität - Zukunftsperspektiven ; 40 Jahre Montessori-Vereinigung e.V. [Montessori Pedagogy in Germany: Review - Current Issues - Future Perspectives 40 years of the Montessori Association]

Pages: 241-251

Montessori materials

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Language: German

Published: Münster, Germany: Lit, 2002

ISBN: 978-3-8258-5746-2

Series: Impulse der Reformpädagogik , 7

Article

Montessori et la Casa dei Bambini: Dimensions Idéologique, Épistémologique et Spirituelle de la Méthode [Montessori and the Casa dei Bambini: Ideological, Epistemological and Spiritual Dimensions of the Method]

Available from: Open Edition

Publication: Tréma, no. 50

Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: Avec plus ou moins de prégnance, la pédagogie Montessori reste à la mode depuis plus d'un siècle. Entre les avis très laudatifs et les critiques les plus acerbes, que savons-nous de celle qui a inventé une méthode pédagogique, basée sur une expérience unique, la Casa dei Bambini, et qui a traversé le temps avec aussi peu de modifications ? Ce texte vise à éclairer les dimensions idéologique, épistémologique et spirituelle sur lesquelles s’appuient la doctrine et la méthode. En évitant les controverses stériles, nous montrerons en quoi, si la méthode présente un intérêt indéniable, certains points nécessitent une clarification. [With varying degrees of significance, Montessori pedagogy remained trendy for more than a century. Between the very laudatory opinions and the sharpest critics, what do we know about the one who invented a pedagogical method based on a unique experience, the Casa dei Bambini, who has transcended time with few changes? This text aims to enlighten the ideological, epistemological and spiritual dimensions on which the doctrine and the method are based. By avoiding sterile controversies, we will show how, if the method is of undeniable interest, certain points require clarification.]

Language: French

DOI: 10.4000/trema.4369

ISSN: 1167-315X

Doctoral Dissertation

Assessment Practices Used by Montessori Teachers of Kindergarten Through Sixth Grade Students in the United States

Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses

Americas, Assessment, Montessori method of education - Teachers, Teachers, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: This research explored student evaluation practices used by Montessori elementary teachers. The Montessori teaching method emphasized students learning at their own pace within a prepared environment where the teacher's role was somewhat different compared to traditional classroom settings. Both traditional and alternative methods of student assessment were utilized by Montessori teachers (e.g., anecdotal records, informal conferences with students, observation of students, one-to-one interview with students, checklists of lessons, demonstration of skill mastery, and standardized achievement tests). The methodology and reasoning behind student evaluation was not well understood by the educational community, and today's dynamic cultural environment demands better attention to this subject. Following a literature review of assessment practices, analysis consisted of sampling member schools of the American Montessori Society (AMS). A questionnaire was submitted to 241 eligible AMS member schools with elementary programs across the United States, and 108 responses (representing 30% of the eligible schools) were collected. The questionnaire's items (27 total questions) were refined to 16 research questions which were analyzed using both quantitative and qualitative methods. A number of results were produced. The two most prominent were: Montessori elementary teachers used more alternative than traditional methods of assessment practices; and, the factors that influenced the assessment practices used by Montessori teachers were the make up (student:teacher ratio, individual student's needs, multi-aged range) of students in the classroom and the Montessori method of education. Other results of this study included: Montessori schools used standardized achievement tests but individual respondents were not convinced they fit the Montessori method of teaching; and, the combination of non-graded report cards, anecdotal records, and student portfolios were successful reporting practices for parent teacher conference. The study concluded with identifying several areas of assessment practice where future research and professional development may benefit Montessori administrators, teachers, students, and parents.

Language: English

Published: Memphis, Tennessee, 1999

Bachelor's Thesis

Montessori pedagoška koncepcija [Montessori pedagogical conception]

Available from: CORE

Croatia, Europe, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: Kako bi odgojili kompetentno dijete ono treba poštovanje, slobodu izražavanja, te mnoštvo poticaja prilikom svog odgoja i obrazovanja, a najviše od svega potporu i ohrabrenje da sve što radi pokuša napraviti samo. Djetetu se prilikom samostalnih aktivnosti ili određenih zadataka jača samopouzdanje, dijete se razvija, uči na greškama, te pronalazi rješenja. Dijete od svoga rođenja prolazi kroz mnoštvo razvojnih faza koje su teške, kako za osobe koje sudjeluju u odgoju i učenju djeteta, tako i za samo dijete, te mu samim time mi kao osobe odgovorne za predškolski odgoj i obrazovanje trebamo moći i znati pomoći da kroz sve te faze prođe na najbolji mogući način. Upravo su promjene u razmišljanjima o odgoju, te drugačiji pristup odgoju, te djetetu kao jedinki dovele do pojave alternativnih pedagoških koncepcija. Montessori pedagogija svojim načinom rada, te samim pristupom prema dječjem odgoju i poštivanju različitosti među djecom i danas nadahnjuje mnoge, te je izrazito priznata u cijelom svijetu. U radu se pojašnjava tijek reforme odgoja i obrazovanja koji je naposljetku i doveo do pojave alternativnih pedagoških metoda i različitih pristupa u odgoju i obrazovanju, a sam rad baziran je na pedagošku konceociju Marie Montessori. [In order to raise a competent child, it needs respect, freedom of expression and a lot of incentives during its upbringing and education, but most of all a child needs support and encouragement to try and do everything on its own. While performing independent activities or certain tasks, the child develops, learns from its mistakes and finds solutions. It goes through many difficult development phases from the moment of its birth – difficult phases for the people who participate in the upbringing and education of the child, as well as for the child itself. Therefore, as people who are responsible for the preschool upbringing and education, we must be able, and we must know how to help the child to go through all those phases in the best possible way. The changes in the way we think about upbringing, a different approach to upbringing and child as an individual have led to the occurrence of alternative pedagogical concepts. Montessori pedagogy, with its way of working, and it is very approach to childcare and respect for diversity among children, still inspires many today, and is widely recognized throughout the world. The paper clarifies the course of educational reform, which eventually led to the emergence of alternative pedagogical methods and different approaches in education, and the work itself is based on the Marie Montessori pedagogical concept.]

Language: Croatian

Published: Zagreb, Croatia, 2019

Book Section

Maria Montessori fra Antropologia, Psicologia e Modernismo [Maria Montessori Between Anthropology, Psychology and Modernism]

Book Title: La Cura dell'Anima in Maria Montessori: l'Educazione Morale, Spirituale e Religiosa dell'Infanzia [Care of the Soul in Maria Montessori: Moral, Spiritual and Religious Education of Childhood]

Pages: 8-37

Europe, Italy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southern Europe, Spirituality

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Language: Italian

Published: Rome, Italy: Fefè Editore, 2011

ISBN: 978-88-95988-34-4

Book Section

Catechesi e metodo Montessori [Catechesis and the Montessori method]

Book Title: Maria Montessori e il pensiero pedagogico contemporaneo [Maria Montessori and contemporary pedagogical thought]

Pages: 167-170

Conferences, International Montessori Congress (11th, Rome, Italy, 26-28 September 1957), Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Religious education

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Abstract/Notes: This speech was delivered on September 27, 1957 at the 11th International Montessori Congress (Rome, Italy).

Language: Italian

Published: Roma: Vita dell'infanzia, 1959

Article

Historiando a Montessori: desde el feminismo y socialismo utópico hacia su compromiso como pionera del holismo [Telling the Montessori story: from feminism and utopic socialism towards her compromise with cosmic education and conscious cultural evolution]

Available from: Universidad de Costa Rica - Portal de Revistas Académicas

Publication: Actualidades Investigativas en Educación, vol. 12, no. 3

Pages: 1-33

, educación global

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Abstract/Notes: El presente ensayo indaga acerca de las raíces de la educación montessoriana, pionera de concepciones holistas. Como resultado, se evidencia que únicamente puede ser abordada desde un paradigma de la complejidad y del compromiso con el destino de la humanidad. Solo una comprensión más amplia de su teleología, antropología y epistemología, nos proporcionará la perspectiva que permita integrar estas dimensiones. Con una introducción que parte de la primera costarricense en poner en práctica su filosofía, la preclara Carmen Lyra, se aborda la multi-texualidad, complejidad y trasdisciplinareidad de Montessori, así como sus contingencias y su época, indagación necesaria para sopesar su necesidad hoy. A search for Montessori’s roots concludes that an authentic Montessori education, pioneer in holistic conceptions, can only be addressed from a paradigm of complexity, a Transdisciplinary perspective, and an attitude of compromise with the destiny of humanity. Only an all-encompassing understanding of her teleology, anthropology, and epistemology will provide a perspective to integrate these dimensions. In relating Montessori’s circumstances and life-experiences, a parallel is made to the challenges faced by the first practicing Montessorian in Costa Rica, Carmen Lyra, educator, writer, activist, and founding-member of the Costa Rican Communist Party. Montessori’s multi-texuality, contingencies and the quotidien are addressed in an effort to outline her relevance today.

Language: Spanish

DOI: 10.15517/aie.v12i3.10298

ISSN: 1409-4703

Article

Influencia del método Montessori en el aprendizaje de la matemática escolar / Influence of the Montessori Method on Learning School Mathematics

Available from: Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia

Publication: Revista de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación, vol. 11, no. 3

Pages: 555-568

Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Mathematics education, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: Actualmente, el aprendizaje de la matemática escolar se ha constituido en un problema latente, generado por diversos factores, entre ellos, los métodos usados por el profesor. El objetivo de la investigación consistió en establecer la influencia que tiene el método Montessori en el fortalecimiento del pensamiento lógico-matemático en los infantes de grado tercero, en una Institución educativa colombiana. La metodología fue cuantitativa, con diseño cuasi-experimental; la información fue recogida en un diario de campo por observación directa y una prueba de entrada-salida; los datos se procesaron con el software SPSS y las hipótesis se comprobaron con la prueba de Wilcoxon. Los resultados mostraron que el método Montessori plasmado en una secuencia didáctica, influyó de manera significativa en el aprendizaje estudiantil asociado a las operaciones de adición y multiplicación con números naturales. Se concluye que este método promueve el aprendizaje significativo de los escolares, basado en experiencias y descubrimientos. / Currently, the learning of school mathematics has become a latent problem, generated by various factors, including the methods used by the teacher. The objective of the research was to establish the influence of the Montessori method in strengthening logical-mathematical thinking in third grade infants, in a Colombian educational institution. The methodology was quantitative, with a quasi-experimental design; the infor-mation was collected in a field diary by direct observation and an entry-exit test; the data were processed with the SPSS software and the hypotheses were verified with the Wilcoxon test. The results showed that the Montessori method, embodied in a didactic sequence, significantly influenced student learning associated with the operations of addition and multiplication with natural numbers. It is concluded that this method promotes meaningful learning in schoolchildren, based on experiences and discoveries.

Language: English

DOI: 10.19053/20278306.v11.n3.2021.13354

ISSN: 2027-8306, 2389-9417

Article

Instituto Nueva Escuela and Montessori Education Reform in Puerto Rico: 'We Count in a Different Way'

Available from: Digital Library of the Caribbean

Publication: Sargasso - Transforming Pedagogy: Practice, Policy, and Resistance, vol. 2018-2019, no. 1/2

Pages: 97-122

Americas, Caribbean, Latin America and the Caribbean, Public Montessori, Puerto Rico

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Abstract/Notes: This article examines the trajectory of a public Montessori education movement in Puerto Rico, which has grown the largest concentration of public Montessori schools in the Caribbean and the U.S. and legally established a Montessori Education Secretariat within the public system, a groundbreaking precedent for public Montessori education worldwide. For almost three decades, a grass-roots movement led by the non-profit organization Instituto Nueva Escuela has been implementing a school transformation model built on the cornerstones of collective governance, family engagement, and Montessori pedagogy. This study explores how the movement has unleashed the agency of disenfranchised school communities to radically reform traditional public education in Puerto Rico. In the wake of Hurricane María and facing extreme austerity measures, the movement empowered collective resistance to fight for and win some of its most significant achievements, and offers innumerous lessons for the future of education reform in the Caribbean and beyond. [Este artículo examina la trayectoria de un movimiento de educación pública Montessori en Puerto Rico, que ha creado la concentración más grande de escuelas públicas Montessori en el Caribe y los EE.UU. y estableció legalmente una Secretaría Auxiliar de Educación Montessori dentro del sistema público, un precedente innovador para la educación pública Montessori mundial. Durante casi tres décadas, el movimiento comunitario liderado por la organización sin fines de lucro Instituto Nueva Escuela ha estado implementando un modelo de transformación escolar basado en los tres pilares de la gobernanza colectiva, las familias y la pedagogía Montessori. El estudio explora cómo el movimiento ha desencadenado la autogestión de las comunidades escolares más marginadas para reformar la educación pública tradicional en Puerto Rico radicalmente. Después del huracán María y enfrentando medidas extremas de austeridad, el movimiento empoderó la resistencia colectiva para luchar y ganar algunos de sus logros más significativos, y ofrece innumerables lecciones para el futuro de la reforma educativa en el Caribe y más allá.]

Language: English

ISSN: 1060-5533

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