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Master's Thesis

Montessori yönteminin anaokulu çocuklarının ilköğretime hazır bulunuşluklarına etkisinin incelenmesi [Examination of the effect of the Montessori method on the readiness of kindergarten children for primary education]

Available from: Selçuk University (Turkey)

Asia, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Bu araştırmada, Montessori Yönteminin anaokulu çocuklarının ilköğretime hazır bulunuşluklarına etkisi incelenmiştir. Araştırmanın bağımlı değişkenini anaokuluna devam eden çocukların ?ilköğretime hazır bulunuşlukları?; bağımsız değişkeni ise ?Montessori Yöntemi? oluşturmaktadır. Araştırmanın çalışma grubu, 2009?2010 öğretim yılında Konya ili, Selçuklu ilçesi, Selçuk Üniversitesi Mesleki Eğitim Fakültesi İhsan Doğramacı Uygulama Anaokulu'nda eğitim alan ve yansız atama ile seçilen beş ? altı yaş grubu anaokulu çocuklarından oluşmaktadır. Araştırmaya, 25 deney grubuna ve 25 kontrol grubuna olmak üzere toplam 50 çocuk dâhil edilmiştir. Araştırmanın çalışma grubu oluşturulurken cinsiyet değişkeni göz önünde bulundurulmuştur ve gruplar eşitlenmiştir. Araştırmada anaokulu çocuklarının okul olgunluklarını belirlemek amacıyla Metropolitan Olgunluk Testi, anaokulu çocuklarının sosyal becerilerini belirlemek amacıyla PKBS Anasınıfı ve Anaokulu Davranış Ölçeği B Formu, anaokulu çocuklarının dikkat toplama becerilerini belirlemek amacıyla ise FTF-K Beş Yaş Çocukları İçin Dikkat Toplama Testi kullanılmıştır. Testler çocuklara deneme öncesi ve sonrasında uygulanmış; ayrıca deneme grubuna 6 hafta sonra tekrar uygulanmıştır. Araştırmada elde edilen verilerin analizinde; Mann Witney U Testi ve Wilcoxon işaretli sıralar testi işlemleri kullanılmıştır. Araştırmadan elde edilen bulgular aşağıda özetlenmiştir: ? Deney grubu çocuklarının genel okul olgunluğu son test puan ortalamaları, deney grubu çocuklarının genel okul olgunluğu ön test puan ortalamalarından anlamlı düzeyde yüksektir. ? Deney grubu çocuklarının sosyal beceriler son test puan ortalamaları, deney grubu çocuklarının sosyal beceriler ön test puan ortalamalarından anlamlı düzeyde yüksektir. ? Deney grubu çocuklarının dikkat toplama becerileri son test puan ortalamaları, deney grubu çocuklarının dikkat toplama becerileri ön test puan ortalamalarından anlamlı düzeyde yüksektir. ? Deney grubu çocuklarının genel okul olgunluğu son test puan ortalamaları, kontrol grubu çocuklarının genel okul olgunluğu son test puan ortalamalarından anlamlı düzeyde yüksek olduğu sonucu ortaya çıkmıştır. ? Deney grubu çocuklarının sosyal beceriler son test puan ortalamaları, kontrol grubu çocuklarının sosyal beceriler son test puan ortalamalarından anlamlı düzeyde yüksek olduğu sonucu ortaya çıkmıştır. ? Deney grubu çocuklarının dikkat toplama becerileri son test puan ortalamaları, kontrol grubu çocuklarının dikkat toplama becerileri son test puan ortalamalarından anlamlı düzeyde yüksek olduğu sonucu ortaya çıkmıştır. ? Deney grubu çocuklarının son testler puan ortalamaları ve izleme testleri puan ortalamaları arasında anlamlı bir farklılaşma bulunmamıştır. Elde edilen sonuçlar doğrultusunda ulaşılan genel sonuç; Montessori Yöntemi'nin anaokulu çocuklarının ilköğretime hazır bulunuşluklarına olumlu yönde katkı sağladığı ve hali hazırda uygulanan okul öncesi eğitim programı (Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı Okul Öncesi Eğitim Programı) na göre daha etkili olduğudur. / This research was studied with the purpose of analyzing the effect of Montessori method supported by social skills training program on kindergarten children's skills of understanding feelings and social problem solving. 53 children who attended at Selcuk University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ihsan Dogramaci Aplication Nursery School in Konya in 2013-2014 school year were included in the study group. Wally Feelings Test and Wally Social Problem Solving Test were used as data collection tool. The tests were applied to the children as pre and post test; in addition, the tests were applied to the experimental group again six weeks after the end of the educational program. Kruskal Wallis H test and Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test were used to analysis of data obtained in the study. When findings were analyzed, comparing scores of posttest of Wally Feelings Test and Wally Social Problem Solving Test of experimental, control 1 and control 2 groups, it was found that there was a meaningful differentiation in favor of experimental group. When comparing posttest and follow-up test of Wally Feelings Test and Wally Social Problem Solving Test scores of experimental group, it was proved that there was not a meaningful differentiation. The overall outcome of the study based on the obtained results is that Montessori Method Supported by Social Skills Training Program supports the development of children's skills of understanding feelings and social problem solving.

Language: Turkish

Published: Konya, Turkey, 2010

Article

Presenza di Maria Montessori: atti dell'11. Congresso internazionale Montessori, Roma, 26-28 settembre 1957

Publication: Vita dell'Infanzia (Opera Nazionale Montessori), vol. 6, no. 10

Pages: 6-8

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Language: Italian

ISSN: 0042-7241

Article

Die Verankerung der Montessori-Pädagogik in der heutigen Grundschulkonzeption [The anchoring of Montessori education in today's elementary school concept]

Publication: Montessori: Zeitschrift für Montessori-Pädagogik, vol. 35, no. 2

Pages: 78-87

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Language: German

ISSN: 0944-2537

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Efektivitas Metode Islamic Montessori dalam Mengembangkan Kecerdasan Interpersonal Anak [The Effectiveness of the Islamic Montessori Method in Developing Children's Interpersonal Intelligence]

Available from: Jurnal Obsesi

Publication: Jurnal Obsesi: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Journal of Obsession: Journal of Early Childhood Education], vol. 6, no. 4

Pages: 3739-3758

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Islamic Montessori method of education, Islamic education, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Religious education, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Meningkatnya amoral, asosial, antisosial dan melemahnya sopan santun anak sangat disadari dan menjadi keprihatinan dalam dunia pendidikan. Di sisi lain pendidikan di Indonesia masih menitikberatkan pada aspek kognitif sehingga mengakibatkan kecerdasan interpersonal anak kurang berkembang secara optimal. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektifitas metode Islamic Montessori dalam mengembangkan kecerdasan interpersonal anak. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan mix-method dengan model exploratory sequential design . Peneliti menggunakan teknik observasi, wawancara dan angket dalam bentuk Skala Likert dan TCR dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 20 responden. Berdasarkan data yang diperoleh, tingkat efektifitas metode Islamic Montessori dalam mengembangkan kecerdasan interpersonal anak dalam kategori sangat baik. Sedangkan Implementasi metode Islamic Montessori dalam mengembangkan kecerdasan interpersonal anak dilakukan melalui pembelajaran practical life dengan menyelipkan pengetahuan Islam, pembiasaan mengambil, mengembalikan dan membereskan material Montessori , penggunaan alas kerja dan menyimak praktik kerja guru serta menawarkan bantuan saat anak sedang mengeksplorasi material Montessori. [The increase in immoral, asocial, antisocial and the weakening of children's manners is very much recognized and a concern in the world of education. On the other hand, education in Indonesia still focuses on cognitive aspects, resulting in children's interpersonal intelligence developing less optimally. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the Islamic Montessori method in developing children's interpersonal intelligence. This study uses a mix-method approach with an exploratory sequential design model . Researchers used observation, interviews and questionnaires in the form of a Likert Scale and TCR with a total sample of 20 respondents. Based on the data obtained, the level of effectiveness of the methodIslamic Montessori in developing children's interpersonal intelligence is in the very good category. While the implementation of the Islamic Montessori method in developing children's interpersonal intelligence is carried out through practical life learning by inserting Islamic knowledge, the habit of taking, returning and tidying up Montessori materials , using work mats and listening to teacher work practices and offering assistance when children are exploring Montessori materials.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.31004/obsesi.v6i4.2375

ISSN: 2549-8959

Article

Integrative Didaktik und anthropologische Antizipationen an einer Montessori-Grundschule [Integrative didactics and anthropological anticipations at a Montessori elementary school]

Publication: Montessori: Zeitschrift für Montessori-Pädagogik, vol. 34, no. 3-4

Pages: 160-168

Elementary education, Montessori materials, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Observation (Educational method)

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Language: German

ISSN: 0944-2537

Book Section

Uit de lezing van Dr. Montessori: gehouden in de Universiteit van Keulen, 14 Januari 1931 [From the lecture by Dr. Montessori: Held at the University of Cologne, Jan 14. 1931]

Available from: Delpher - Nationale Bibliotheek van Nederland

Book Title: Tien Jaren Montessori Onderwijs

Pages: 26-29

Maria Montessori - Speeches, addresses, etc., Maria Montessori - Writings

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Language: Dutch

Published: [Amsterdam, The Netherlands]: Vereeniging de Amsterdamsche Montessorischool, 1931

Book

Dr. Maria Montessori 1870-1952: The Origins of Montessori

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Language: English

Published: [Amsterdam, The Netherlands]: Association Montessori Internationale, 1970

Article

The Characteristics and Implications of Inclusive Education in German Montessori Elementary School / 독일 몬테소리(Maria Montessori) 초등학교에서의 통합교육 운영 특성과 시사점 탐색

Available from: RISS

Publication: 발달장애연구 / The Journal of the Korean Association on Developmental Disabilities, vol. 23, no. 4

Pages: 29-54

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this study is to find out the implications for the characteristics of inclusive education in Montessori Elementary Schools in Germany, affecting Korea's inclusive education. The research method was based on the data and information, collected by visiting the Montessori Schools in Germany, along with literature reviews, which is inclusive of data search on the Internet. Two major implications of this study are as follows: First, the most important and basic community spirit and the will to practice of Montessori Elementary Schools are thoroughly imprinted in school authorities, school members, and educational programs in integration education. Second, To realize the essential meaning of inclusive education, the proportion of students with disabilities in each school and class plays an important role. This means that students with disabilities should account for a certain percentage, not the proportion of very small number of students, regardless of schools or classes so as to prevent the isolation or stigma of students with disabilities. This is more effective than any other way in terms of the educational support of teachers. / 본 연구는 독일 몬테소리 초등학교에서의 통합교육 운영 특성을 바탕으로 우리나라 통합교육에 미치는 시사점을 찾아보는데 그 목적이 있다. 이에 연구방법으로는 인터넷 자료검색을 비롯하여 문헌연구와 더불어 독일의 관련 몬테소리학교를 방문하여 수집된 자료와 정보를 바탕으로 하였다. 본 연구를 통하여 도출된 두 가지 주요 시사점은 첫째, 몬테소리 초등학교는 통합교육에 있어서 가장 중요하고 기초적인 공동체 의식과 실천의지가 학교당국과 학교 구성원 및 교육프로그램에 철저하게 각인되어 있다는 점이다. 둘째, 통합교육의 본질적인 의미를 실현하기 위하여 각 학교 및 각 학급에서 장애학생이 차지하는 비율이 매우 중요함을 알 수 있다. 이는 학교차원이든 학급차원이든 장애학생들이 극히 소수가 아니라, 일정 비율을 차지하여야 장애학생의 고립이나 낙인효과를 예방할 수 있고, 교사들의 교육적 지원에서도 더 효과적이라는 것이다. 특히 통합학교나 통합학급에 일정비율의 장애학생 점유율은 통합교육이나 장애인에 대한 인식 개선, 행·재정적 지원, 교육프로그램, 특수교사 및 보조교사의 증원, 장애인 편의시설, 교사 간 협력 수업 등에 있어서 통합교육의 본질적인 목적인 교육 공동체의 실현을 위하여 매우 긍정적이고 실제적인 요소로 작용할 수 있다는 것이다.

Language: Korean

ISSN: 2288-4289

Article

Model Pembelajaran Montessori dalam Membangun Kedisiplinan Anak di TK Awliya Kota Cirebon [Montessori Learning Model in Building Child Discipline in Kindergarten Awliya Cirebon City]

Available from: Kiddo: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam Anak Usia Dini

Publication: Kiddo: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam Anak Usia Dini [Kiddo: Journal of Early Childhood Islamic Education], vol. 1, no. 2

Pages: 108-120

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Discipline is very important to be developed early on, while the definition of discipline itself is giving an understanding to which children should be obeyed and which should be avoided. Discipline also teaches children about making mistakes will certainly contain a number of consequences, for this reason the function of punishment in children's education. Discipline is a behavioral value that can be done by force and can be done voluntarily. This Montessori-based learning model can build discipline starting from getting children to tidy up their former food, washing dishes, being able to take responsibility for the assignments given by their teacher, which has been applied in kindergarten Awliya, Cirebon. This research uses descriptive qualitative method that seeks to provide background, unique characteristics. The data obtained through interviews, observation and documentation. The results showed that children in the Awliya Kindergarten in Cirebon City could build their discipline through a Montessori-based learning model. This habit is a rare beginning in building discipline in early childhood.

Language: Indonesian

ISSN: 2716-1641, 2716-0572

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [The Thoughts of Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori About Early Childhood Education]

Available from: Universitas PGRI Semarang (Indonesia)

Publication: PAUDIA: Jurnal Penelitian dalam Bidang Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Research Journal in the Field of Early Childhood Education], vol. 9, no. 1

Pages: 17-35

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Ki Hajar Dewantara - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southeast Asia, Taman Siswa

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Abstract/Notes: Mendalami ilmu pendidikan anak usia dini tidak dapat dilakukan apabila hanya mengkaji pemikiran satu tokoh saja. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui (1) pemikiran, (2) persamaan dan perbedaan pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang pendidikan anak usia dini. Metode yang digunakan kualitatif dengan jenis penelitian kepustakaan yang mengkomparasikan pemikiran kedua tokoh. Data dianalisis dengan pendekatan deskriptif. Penelitian dilaksanakan selama dua bulan mulai januari sampai februari 2020. Sumber data terdiri dari data primer dan sekunder. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1) pemikiran pendidikan anak usia dini menurut Ki Hajar Dewantara adalah pendidikan yang diberikan pada anak 0-7 tahun dengan pemberian pendidikan yang memperhatikan unsur alami anak dengan materi melatih panca indera menggunakan metode lahiriah dan batiniah dilakukan di lingkungan keluarga, sekolah dan masyarakat dengan tujuan mengembangkan cipta, rasa dan karsa pada anak. Menurut Maria Montessori pendidikan anak usia dini adalah pendidikan yang diberikan untuk anak 0-6 tahun dilakukannya dilingkungan sekolah dengan materi keterampilan sehari-hari menggunakan metode lahiriah dan batiniah yang memberikan kebebasan anak untuk memilih aktivitas dan media yang ingin digunakan. (2) persamaan dan perbedaan pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang anak usia dini terletak dari aspek nama dan filosofi sekolah, setting lingkungan, dasar pemikiran PAUD, metode dan tugas pendidik. [The science of early childhood education cannot be understood from one’s thought. This research intended to know (1) the thoughts (2) the similarities and differences of early childhood education thoughts by Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori. The method used was qualitative with library research which compared two experts’ thoughts. The data was analyzed by descriptive approach. This research was done within two months, january to february 2020. The data were from primary and secondary data. The results revealed (1) Ki Hajar Dewantara states that early childhood education is an education given to 0-7 year old children and emphasizes on natural factors by training five senses through outward and inward method around family, school and community environments to develop creativity, feeling and intention. While Maria Montessori says that early childhood education is an education given to 0-6 year old children through daily skills in school environment and uses outward and inward method which let them choose activity and media they want. (2) the similarities and differences of Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori thoughts were school’s name and philosopy, environment, ECE basic thoughts, learning method and educator’s duties.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.26877/paudia.v9i1.5610

ISSN: 2598-4047, 2089-1431

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