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Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Modernost pedagoške koncepcije Marije Montessori [The contemporariness of Maria Montessori's pedagogical concept / Modernität der pädagogischen Konzeption von Maria Montessori]

Available from: Hrčak - Portal of Croatian scientific and professional journals

Publication: Pedagogijska istraživanja, vol. 8, no. 2

Pages: 205-216

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Abstract/Notes: U zadnjim desetljećima sve veći broj znanstvenika i pedagoga praktičara pokazuje interes za Montessori pedagogiju, provjerava je u praksi i potvrđuje da je riječ o modernoj, vremenu primjerenoj pedagogiji koja odgovara na razvojne potrebe suvremene djece i mladih. Brojna istraživanja pokazuju kako djeca iz Montessori škola, u usporedbi s djecom iz standardnih škola, pokazuju bolju motivaciju za učenje, višestruke interese, samostalnost i pozitivan odnos prema učenju te veću odgovornost prema zajednici. Istraživanja euroznanosti i razvojne psihologije potvrđuju postavke Montessori pedagogije o individualnom planu razvoja, koji prolazi određene stupnjeve (senzibilna razdoblja, prozori učenja) te o potrebi didaktički obliko vanog okruženja kao pomoći u individualnom razvoju. Zahtjev za slobodom, samostalnosti i samoaktivnosti Montessori je, za razliku od emancipatorske pedagogije i sociokonstruktivizma, postavila u okvire razvojne i moralne slobode i jasno defi nirala uvjete slobode i pretpostavke samostalnosti djeteta. Sloboda shvaćena kao izgradnja kompetencija za djelovanje – cilj je, ali i put, koji dijete prolazi u svome razvoju i na kojemu treba sigurnost, zaštićenost, praćenje i pomoć odraslih. Modernost Montessori pedagogije treba tražiti u znanstveno utemeljenoj psihologiji razvoja, u pedagoški oblikovanoj ponudi učenja i u pedagoškom etosu odgajatelja. [In recent decades an increasing number of scholars and pedagogues have been showing interest in the educational approach developed by Maria Montessori, applying it in practice and arguing that it is a modern and timely pedagogy that responds to the developmental needs of contemporary children and youth. Numerous surveys show that children educated in Montessori schools, in comparison to children educated in standard schools, demonstrate a greater motivation to learn, have a multiplicity of interests, display independence and a positive stance towards learning, as well as an increased sense of responsibility towards the community. Research in neuroscience and developmental psychology confi rms the hypotheses laid down by Montessori pedagogy about the individual development plan as evolving through certain stages (sensitive periods, learning windows) and about the need to have a didactically formulated environment that will support individual development. Unlike the emancipatory pedagogy and socio-constructivism, Montessori has placed the requirement for freedom, autonomy and self-activity within the bounds of a developmental and moral freedom and clearly defi ned the conditions of the freedom and the assumptions of the child’s autonomy. Freedom interpreted as a development of competencies for action represents the aim, but also the journey a child goes through during the development period when it needs safety, protection, attention and support from the adults. The contemporariness of Montessori pedagogy is to be found in scientifically-based developmental psychology, in pedagogically formulated teaching and in the pedagogical ethos of the teacher. / In den letzten Jahrzehnten wächst die Zahl von Wissenschaft lern und pädagogischen Praktikern, die sich mit der Montessori-Pädagogik beschäft igen, ihre Th esen in der Praxis überprüfen und die Meinung vertreten, dass es um eine moderne, zeitgemäße Pädagogik handelt, die auf Entwicklungsbedürfnisse der heutigen Kinder und Jugendlichen antwortet. Zahlreiche Untersuchungen bestätigen, dass die Kinder aus den Montessori-Schulen im Vergleich mit den Kindern aus den Standardschulen eine höhere Lernmotivation, vielfältigere Interessen, Selbständigkeit und positives Verhältnis zum Lernen sowie eine größere Verantwortung gegenüber der Gemeinschaft besitzen. Die im Rahmen von Neurowissenschaft en und Entwicklungspsychologie unternommenen Untersuchungen bestätigen die Hypothesen der Montessori-Pädagogik über den individuellen Entwicklungsplan, der bestimmte Stufen durchläuft (sensible Etappen, Lernfenster) sowie die Notwendigkeit einer didaktisch gestalteten Umwelt als individueller Entwicklungshilfe. Die Forderung nach der Freiheit, Selbständigkeit und Selbstaktivität stellte Montessori, im Unterschied zu emanzipatorischer Pädagogik und sozialem Konstruktivismus in den Rahmen der moralischen und Entwicklungsfreiheit und defi nierte klar die Voraussetzungen für die Freiheit und Selbständigkeit des Kindes. Die Freiheit, begriff en als Aufb au von Handlungskompetenzen, stellt das Ziel, aber auch den Weg dar, den das Kind in seiner Entwicklung zurücklegt und auf dem es Sicherheit, Geborgenheit, Hilfe und Aufsicht durch Erwachsene benötigt. Die Modernität der Montessori-Pädagogik ist in der wissenschaft lich begründeten Entwicklungspsychologie, in den pädagogisch aufb ereiteten Lernangeboten und dem pädagogischen Ethos der Erzieher zu suchen.]

Language: Croatian

ISSN: 1334-7888

Book Section

Die Pädagogik von Maria Montessori und religionspädagogische Theoriebildung [The pedagogy of Maria Montessori and religious pedagogy theories]

Book Title: Lebendige Reformpädagogik

Pages: 165-171

Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Religious education

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Language: German

Published: Innsbruck, Germany: Studienverlag, 1997

ISBN: 978-3-7065-1223-7

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Maria Montessori e Anna Freud: intrecci e contaminazioni tra pedagogia e psicoanalisi / Maria Montessori and Anna Freud: Links and Influences Between Pedagogy and Psychoanalysis

Available from: Rivista di Storia dell’Educazione

Publication: Rivista di Storia dell'Educazione, vol. 8, no. 2

Pages: 73-82

Anna Freud - Biographic sources, Anna Freud - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Psychoanalysis

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Abstract/Notes: The fascination with the Montessori Method stems from a never quite exhaustive analysis of her studies, which, due to the multiplicity and complexity of its elements, continually lend themselves to readings, hermeneutic interpretations and discoveries. Following a series of “clues” that see the figure of Maria Montessori intertwined with that of Anna Freud, this article intends to enhance the interdisciplinary interweaving and the multiple links which, by relating pedagogy with psychoanalysis, favor a broader vision of the implications relating to the changes occurring during the first half of the twentieth century, in which the child is the protagonist.

Language: Italian

DOI: 10.36253/rse-10329

ISSN: 2532-2818

Book

Maria Montessori e la scuola d'infanzia a nuovo indirizzo [Maria Montessori and the new direction of nursery school]

Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori schools

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Abstract/Notes: Il volume raccoglie una parte delle tante voci italiane, iberiche e sudamericane che hanno inondato le giornate del Convegno su "Maria Montessori e la scuola d'infanzia a nuovo indirizzo", promosso dalla Fondazione Montessori Italia e svoltosi a Roma nel febbraio del 2015. Il libro si propone di ripercorrere alcuni elementi significativi della lezione di Maria Montessori, ricostruendone gli sviluppi in relazione al nuovo indirizzo dell'educazione infantile promosso da Bruno Ciari e Loris Malaguzzi, in vista delle sfide pedagogiche che si prospettano alla scuola d'infanzia nel nuovo secolo. Il volume è diviso in tre parti. La prima parte, intitolata ai fondamenti del pensiero montessoriano e ai suoi rapporti col modello a nuovo indirizzo, riporta le relazioni di base del Convegno. La seconda parte è costituita da interventi relativi agli aspetti storici e culturali del pensiero montessoriano. La terza parte, infine, è dedicata a interventi inerenti ad alcuni momenti della pedagogia montessoriana.

Language: Italian

Published: Bergamo, Italy: Zeroseiup, 2015

ISBN: 978-88-99338-07-7 88-99338-07-8

Series: Culture e saperi dell'infanzia

Master's Thesis

Montessori 교사교육에 대한 Montessori 교사의 인식 [Montessori Teachers' Perceptions of Montessori Teacher Education]

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Language: Korean

Published: Seoul, South Korea, 2000

Article

Montessori Activities in India [Besant Montessori School, Juhu; Montessori Training Centre, Adyar; Shishu Vihar Montessori School, Yeotmal, Berar]

Publication: The Montessori Magazine: A Quarterly Journal for Teachers, Parents and Social Workers (India), vol. 2, no. 2

Pages: 122-123

Annie Besant Montessori School (Juhu), Asia, India, Montessori Training Centre (Adyar, India), Shishu Vihar Montessori School (Yeotmal), South Asia

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Language: English

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Manajemen Pendidikan Karakter Metode Montessori di Jogjakarta Montessori School [Montessori Method of Character Education Management at Jogjakarta Montessori School]

Available from: Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa

Publication: Media Manajemen Pendidikan [Educational Management Media], vol. 2, no. 2

Pages: 251-259

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui manajemen pendidikan karakter yang meliputi 1) perencanaan, 2) pengorganisasian, 3) pengarahan dan pelaksanaan, 4) evaluasi dan pengendalian, 5) faktor pendukung serta 6) faktor penghambat di SD Montessori. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data dengan wawancara mendalam, observasi partisipatif, studi dokumentasi. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif kualitatif melalui tahapan pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: 1) perencanaan manajemen pendidikan karakter pada kurikulum, pendidik, pembiayaan peserta didik, sarana dan prasarana, pembiayaan pendidikan; 2) pengorganisasian manajemen pendidikan karakter pada pelatihan guru baru, pengarahkan para guru, kesempatan bagi guru atau staf untuk berpartisipasi dalam memberikan sumbangan pikiran, mengikutsertakan yayasan, guru, staf dan komite sekolah dalam membuat perencanaan manajemen, memberikan nasehat dan arahan yang benar; 3) pelaksanaan manajemen pendidikan karakter sesuai dengan perencanaan dengan apparatus dan pendampingan dari guru; 4) evaluasi manajemen pendidikan karakter dengan melihat kemandirian dan keberanian, pembuatan project, berperilaku santun; 5) faktor pendukung meliputi kegiatan di luar sekolah bermasyarakat, kegiatan ektrakurikuler, peraturan untuk tidak memakai atribut keagamaan selama di sekolah, sarana dan prasarana sekolah, pendidik yang ramah dan perhatian, kegiatan sosial dan kerjasama dengan sekolah lain; 6) faktor penghambat pendidikan karakter pada Jogjakarta Montessori School yaitu kurangnya kerjasama orang tua siswa dalam menanamkan nilai kedisiplinan, tanggungjawab, menghargai prestasi, dan rasa ingin tahu. [This study aims to determine the management of character education which includes 1) planning, 2) organizing, 3) directing and implementing, 4) evaluation and control, 5) supporting factors and 6) inhibiting factors in SD Montessori. This research use desciptive qualitative approach. Data collection techniques are in-depth interviews, participatory observation, and documentation studies. Data were analyzed descriptively qualitatively through the stages of data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions. The results showed that: 1) character education management planning in the curriculum, educators, student funding, facilities and infrastructure, education financing; 2) organizing character education management on new teacher training, directing teachers, opportunities for teachers or staff to participate in contributing ideas, involving foundations, teachers, staff and school committees in making management plans, providing correct advice and direction; 3) implementation of character education management in accordance with planning with apparatus and mentoring from teachers; 4) evaluation of character education management by looking at independence and courage, making projects, behaving politely; 5) supporting factors include activities outside of school in the community, extracurricular activities, regulations not to use religious attributes while at school, school facilities and infrastructure, friendly and caring educators, social activities and collaboration with other schools; 6) the inhibiting factor for character education at Jogjakarta Montessori School is the lack of cooperation between parents in instilling the values ​​of discipline, responsibility, respect for achievement, and curiosity.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.30738/mmp.v2i2.5072

ISSN: 2622-3694

Article

Diffusione e Prospettive dell'Educazione Montessori in Giappone: Montessori nel Mondo [Diffusion and Perspectives of Montessori Education in Japan: Montessori in the World]

Publication: Vita dell'Infanzia (Opera Nazionale Montessori), vol. 46, no. 6

Pages: 14-19

Asia, East Asia, Japan, Montessori method of education - History

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Language: Italian

ISSN: 0042-7241

Article

Colegio Montessori-Palau de Girona: La casa de los niños Montessori [Colegio Montessori-Palau de Girona: The Montessori Children's Home]

Publication: Cuadernos de Pedagogía, no. 455

Pages: 16-22

Europe, Southern Europe, Spain

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Language: Spanish

ISSN: 0210-0630

Article

Distance Teacher Education: 5 Snapshots [Center for Guided Montessori Studies, Montessori Live, USA Montessori, Mid-America Montessori, World Wide Montssori]

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 20, no. 3

Pages: 22

Public Montessori

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

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