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101 results

Book Section

The Treatment of Personality Variables in a Preschool Cognitive Program

Available from: Books to Borrow @ Internet Archive

Book Title: Preschool Programs for the Disadvantaged: Five Experimental Approaches to Early Childhood Education: Proceedings of the First Annual Hyman Blumberg Symposium on Research in Early Childhood Education

Pages: 111-164

Children with disabilities, Conferences, Developmentally disabled children, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Hyman Blumberg Symposium on Research in Early Childhood Education (1st, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, 1971), Inclusive education, Preschool children, Preschool education, Special education

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Language: English

Published: Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1972

ISBN: 978-0-8018-1370-2 0-8018-1370-0

Article

Your Child's Fitness, Cognitive Growth–Making the Connection

Publication: Montessori NewZ, vol. 35

Pages: 13–14

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Language: English

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Investigating the Effect of Cognitive Rehabilitation on the Memory Improvement of Patients With Alzheimer

Available from: University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences (Iran)

Publication: Iranian Rehabilitation Journal, vol. 21, no. 2

Pages: 319-326

Alzheimer's disease, Asia, Cognitive development, Dementia, Gerontology, Iraq, Middle East, Montessori-based interventions (MBI), Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Objectives: Alzheimer's is the most prevalent cognitive disturbance, with a high spread among the elderly. The current research aims to investigate the impact of cognitive rehabilitation on the memory improvement of Alzheimer's disease patients. | Methods: The current research used a semi-experimental design with pre-test and post-test designs. The statistical population in Baghdad in 2021 included 60 patients with Alzheimer's illness, all considered a statistical sample and separated into two experimental and control groups (30 people in each group). The patient's cognitive abilities were assessed prior to the intervention (pre-test), straightly after the intervention (post-test), and two months later (follow-up). The experimental group had twenty-eight 45-minute sessions of training based on the Montessori Method (two sessions per week). The data were analyzed in SPSS version 19 using the independent t-test and repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results have a P-value of less than 0.05. | Results: The findings of the independent t-test demonstrated that there is no significant differ between the scores of the both groups during the pre-test stage (P>0.05) but that this difference is significant during the post-test and follow-up stages (P<0.001). In addition, the findings of repeated measures ANOVA indicated a significant differ between the both groups' mean scores in post-test and follow-up (P<0.001). | Conclusion: Cognitive rehabilitation can help patients with memory disorders and positively affect their memory performance.

Language: English

DOI: 10.32598/irj.21.2.2066.1

ISSN: 1735-3602, 1735-3610

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori Teachers' Communication Effects on Cognitive Development of Children

Available from: Journal of Namibian Studies

Publication: Journal of Namibian Studies, vol. 33, no. Special Issue On Multidisciplanary Research

Pages: 115-131

Asia, Montessori method of education, Montessori method of education - Teachers, Montessori schools, Pakistan, South Asia, Teacher-student relationships, Teachers

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Abstract/Notes: Teachers' communication skills are one of the most critical aspects that must be considered in teaching-learning, especially in Montessori education, where the children are in the initial linguistic and cognitive development stage. Montessori classes provide designed environments, allowing children to exercise autonomy in selecting their tasks and actively engage in self-directed learning. If the teacher and children are not well prepared in the triangle of classroom environment, and management, it will be futile to teach the Montessori children. The study is designed to explore the Montessori teachers' effects on communication skills of the children's cognitive development. Private Montessori School of Karachi. This study uses the qualitative method for data collection and analysis. Semi-structured interviews with six teachers were conducted. The finding shows that Montessori teachers' communication skills are essential to students' cognitive and language development. Effective communication skills of teachers contribute to the holistic development of children. It is recommended that teachers be professionally trained, and a better classroom environment should be provided for self-learning based on auto-corrective strategies.

Language: English

DOI: 10.59670/jns.v33i.4413

ISSN: 1863-5954, 2197-5523

Article

The Cognitive Impact of Successive Montessori Programs: An Empirical Study

Available from: Montessori Norge

Publication: Montessori Collaborative World Review: The Montessori Roots of Social Justice, vol. 1, no. 1

Pages: 54-67

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Language: English

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Unveiling Alternative Schools: A Systematic Review of Cognitive and Social-Emotional Development in Different Educational Approaches

Available from: ScienceDirect

Publication: Children and Youth Services Review, vol. 158

Pages: Article 107480

Alternative education, Child development, Cognitive development, Comparative education, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Reggio Emilia approach (Early childhood education) - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Social emotional learning, Waldorf method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: Alternative schools such as Montessori, Reggio Emilia or Waldorf emerged on the educational scene over a century ago but have proliferated internationally in the last 15-20 years. In addition to being considered as educational alternatives to conventional approaches, these schools are often associated with enhanced benefits in cognitive, social, emotional, and personal development of attending children. This assumption stems from the fact that these approaches are aligned with the basic principles of child development, especially because in these schools, daily practices are organized according to children's developmental strengths and considering individual learning rhythms. However, empirical research on this assumption is scarce and little is known about the type of schools studied and the aspects of development analyzed. Thus, this systematic review aims to address two objectives: to identify which types of alternative schools have captured the interest of researchers and to explore the most studied areas of cognitive and socioemotional development during childhood, along with the main findings. The review includes studies conducted in the last decade that compare the effects of attending alternative schools versus conventional preschools, elementary schools, or high schools. Twenty-four articles were included, most of them focused on Montessori and, to a lesser extent, Waldorf schools. Other types of alternative schools (democratic, Freinet) had limited representation. Executive function, creativity and academic achievement have received more attention in research compared to well-being, social competence, or independence. Overall, the results show a better performance in children from alternative schools or no differences with their counterparts in conventional schools. However, this study provides a critical perspective on these findings, highlighting limitations that should be considered when interpreting them and guiding future research endeavors.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2024.107480

ISSN: 0190-7409

Master's Thesis

The Impact of Cognitively Guided Instruction on Students' Mathematical Mindsets

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this research was to analyze the impact of an inquiry-based word problem-solving framework, known as Cognitively Guided Instruction (CGI), on students’ mathematical mindsets in an early elementary Montessori classroom. Students received one word problem-solving lesson per week over a six-week period. Students completed a pre-intervention and post-intervention mathematical mindset rubric, as well as CGI assessment. Both qualitative and quantitative results show that students had an increase in their variety of word problem-solving strategies, were able to solve word problems more accurately, and showed increased levels in self-efficacy, perception, and affinity towards math. Based on these results, CGI could be utilized as a supplementary instructional method to build students’ mathematical mindsets and word problem-solving skills in Montessori classrooms. Further research is needed to know if these results hold true for other student populations.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2023

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

The Impact of Montessori Education on the Cognitive, Social and Academic Development of Disadvantaged Preschoolers

Available from: Stockholm University Press

Publication: Journal of Montessori Research and Education, vol. 4, no. 1

Pages: 25

Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - History

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Abstract/Notes: On 6 May 2022, 70 years after Maria Montessori’s death, Stockholm University and the Department of Education and Didactics organized an international Montessori symposium. The idea was to present a breadth of research on Maria Montessori. The symposium dealt with Maria Montessori in the interwar period, an analysis of the history of ideas. Another presentation suggested possible research models to study this large field. The symposium also presented interpretations of Montessori’s writings that point her out as a visionary and pioneer in education for a sustainable world. An additional research area addressed was the potential of neuroscience to examine the effects of teaching theory and learning in Montessori education. Finally, this report describes a study on whether Montessori-inspired education compared to traditional education stands up in areas of socio-economic disadvantage.

Language: English

DOI: 10.16993/jmre.20

ISSN: 2002-3375

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Early Education: A Cognitive-Developmental View

Available from: JSTOR

Publication: Child Development, vol. 39, no. 4

Pages: 1013-1062

Cognitive development, Early childhood care and education

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Abstract/Notes: This paper reviews the implications of the cognitive-developmental theories of Baldwin, Dewey, Piaget, and Vygotsky for preschool education. The conception of cognitive stage basic to these theories is analyzed, and the connection of a stage conception to an interactional (as opposed to a maturationist or environmentalist-training) view of the origins of mental structure is analyzed. Empirical studies are reviewed supporting the validity of this conception of intellectual development. Preschool programs of academic and linguistic training or stimulation are examined from this point of view. The conception of the preschool period as a critical period for the environmental stimulation of general intelligence is examined, considering general intelligence in both psychometric and Piagetian terms. It is concluded that the theories reviewed do not so much imply an emphasis upon specific forms of preschool intellectual stimulation as they do imply a systematic formulation of the cognitive-developmental components of the play, constructive, aesthetic, and social activities which have traditionally been the heart of the preschool.

Language: English

DOI: 10.2307/1127272

ISSN: 0009-3920, 1467-8624

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

The Correlation Between Active Participation and Metacognitive Ability of Primary School Students Through Montessori Learning Method

Available from: Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Dasar

Publication: Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Dasar / Journal of Innovation in Elementary Education, vol. 4, no. 2

Pages: 63-70

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Metacognitive was the student's skill in the process of acting (activity) and thinking (mental process). This skill could improve their learning process and memory. Student who had metacognitive skill will be able to control and to arrange his learning activity by himself. Active participation was the interaction both physically and psychologically to think, to interact, to try and to find new things in the learning process. The purpose of this research was to find the relationship between active participation and the metacognitive ability of students, especially in elementary school. This research was a correlation study. Population of this research was 5th grade students in SD Negeri 3 Klangenan academic year 2017/2018. Sample was taken using purposive sampling technique. The data was collected by observation and written test. The instruments for active participation was observation sheets and the instrument for metacognitive ability was a multiple choice test that consist of 20 questions. The data was analyzed using correlation technique using IBM SPSS Statistics 16.0 for windows. Based on the data nalaysis, it was obtained was 0.682. At a significant level 5% then was 0.413. Based on value then it showed that there was a positive and significant corelation between active participation and metacognitive ability of students 5th grade SD Negeri 3 Klangenan.

Language: English

ISSN: 2477-3581, 2477-3859

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