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1545 results

Article

Pedagogía científica y normalidad en Montessori [Scientific Pedagogy and Normality in Montessori]

Available from: Nano PDF

Publication: Logos, no. 20

Pages: 59-80

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: Este artículo aborda la pedagogía científica de Montessori y cómo con sus investigaciones y la creación de las casas de niños se formalizan e instalan en la escuela moderna discursos y prácticas médicas, biológicas, antropológicas y psicológicas en el campo de la pedagogía. Influenciada por las teorías de Lombroso y de Darwin, consideraba que el ser humano no era más que una célula compuesta por protoplasma y núcleo del tamaño de una décima de milímetro del cual proceden individuos muy diferentes entre sí. Por tanto, para realizar y entender las investigaciones prácticas de la antropología con fines pedagógicos, se requieren suficientes nociones de biología y del aporte de otras disciplinas con las cuales la pedagogía tiene afinidad. De ahí la importancia de mostrar y cuestionar los efectos de estos discursos y prácticas sobre la concepción de una pedagogía activa, lejana ya de la preocupación por la formación del niño en su relación consigo mismo, con el saber y con el mundo, enunciados pedagógicos que pierden vigencia en el funcionamiento de la escuela propuesta por Montessori. Para tal fin se toman como referencia algunos conceptos de Foucault (población, políticas, normalización, prácticas de saber) en la perspectiva de la noción de biopolítica. [This article deals with Montessori’s scientific pedagogy and how his researches and the creation of houses for children become official, as well as how discourses and medical, biological, anthropological and psychological practices are installed in the pedagogy field in modern schools. Influenced by the theories of Lombroso and Darwin, he considered that human beings were no more than a cell composed by a protoplasm and nucleus the size of a tenth of a millimeter, from where individuals who are very different from each other come from. This is why, in order to understand and carry out the practical researches of anthropology with pedagogical purposes, enough notions of biology are required, as well as the collaboration of other disciplines that work side by side with pedagogy. Thus the importance to show and question the effects of these discourses and practices regarding the conception of an active pedagogy, far from the concern for the child’s education in terms of his relationship with himself, knowledge and the world, pedagogical statements that lose validity in the operation of the school proposed by Montessori. For such purpose, some concepts from Foucault are taken as reference (population, policies, normalization, knowledge practices) in the perspective of the notion of bio-politics.]

Language: Spanish

ISSN: 0120-6680

Article

Identifying the Montessori "Brand": How Do You Know If You've Found an "Authentic" Montessori School?

Publication: Tomorrow's Child, vol. 15, no. 5

Pages: 24–25

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Undergraduate Thesis

Implementasi metode montessori dalam pembelajaran Matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi [Implementation of the Montessori method in learning Mathematics for children aged 3-4 years at PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi]

Available from: Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya Digital Library

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini dilatar belakangi oleh kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, dengan kemampuan matematika yang dimiliki anak lain, secara umum anak masih bergantung pada orang tua atau guru dalam memahami pembelajaran yang diberikan guru. Jika dilihat pada anak usia 3-4 tahun yang ada di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, mereka sudah memperlihatkan kemampuan yang dimilikinya mulai dari mengenal bilangan melalui jumlah benda sampai dengan anak mampu menyelesaikan tugas yang diberikan guru. Pada dasarnya dengan memberikan kesempatan kepada anak untuk mencari pengalaman secara langsung dapat menambah kemampuan matematika pada diri anak. Maka metode pembelajaran seperti apakah yang dilakukan di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah sehingga kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun dapat berkembang dengan baik. Rumusan masalah penelitian ini adalah (1) Bagaimana kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo, (2) Bagaimana Implementasi metode Montessori dalam kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan pengambilan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Analisa yang digunakan yakni model Miles dan Huberman dimana dalam proses analisanya dimulai dari mereduksi data, kemudian menyajikan dan verifikasi. Teknik keabsahan data yang digunakan yakni metode triangulasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa implementasi metode Montessori dalam pembelajaran matematika khususnya di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi berkembang cukup bagus karena anak mulai mampu mengenal bilangan sampai dengan memahami konsep dan mampu menyelesaikan tugas yang diberikan guru dengan sedikit atau tanpa bantuan sama sekali, hal ini menunjukkan bahwa startegi guru dalam menerapkan metode montessori dalam meningkatkan kemampuan matematika yang dimiliki anak sudah mulai berkembang dengan baik. Begitu juga dengan implementasi yang telah dilaksanakan di lembaga PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi sudah sesuai dengan tahapan yang ada pada metode Montessori mulai dari tahapan menunjukkan bilangan, tahapan mengenalkan dengan media pembelajaran kongkret sampai dengan tahapan mengingat kembali pembelajaran matematika yang sudah diberikan guru sebelumnya, sehingga anak dapat meningkatkan kemampuan matematika yang dimilikinya dengan baik. [This research is motivated by the mathematical ability of children aged 3-4 years in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, with the mathematical abilities of other children, in general children still depend on their parents or teachers in understanding the learning given by the teacher. If you look at children aged 3-4 years in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, they have shown their abilities ranging from recognizing numbers through the number of objects until the child is able to complete the tasks given by the teacher. Basically, by providing opportunities for children to seek direct experience, they can increase their mathematical abilities. So what kind of learning method is used in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah so that the mathematical abilities of children aged 3-4 years can develop well. The formulation of the research problem is (1) How is the mathematical ability of children aged 3-4 years at PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo, (2) How is the implementation of the Montessori method in the mathematical abilities of children aged 3-4 years at PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo. This study used a qualitative approach and data collection was carried out using the methods of observation, interviews, and documentation. The analysis used is the Miles and Huberman model where the analysis process starts from reducing data, then presenting and verifying. The data validity technique used is the triangulation method. The results showed that the implementation of the Montessori method in learning mathematics, especially in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi developed quite well because children began to be able to recognize numbers to understand concepts and were able to complete tasks given by the teacher with little or no help, this shows that the teacher's strategy in applying the Montessori method in improving children's mathematical abilities has begun to develop well. Likewise, the implementation that has been carried out at the PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi institution is in accordance with the stages in the Montessori method starting from the stage of showing numbers, the stage of introducing concrete learning media to the stage of recalling mathematics learning that has been given by the previous teacher, so that children can improve their mathematical abilities well.]

Language: English

Published: Surubaya, Indonesia, 2020

Article

Das Montessori-System und die Blindenanstalt [The Montessori System and the Institution for the Blind]

Available from: The State Digital Library of Upper Austria

Publication: Zeitschrift für das Österreichische Blindenwesen, vol. 11, no. 5-9

Pages: 56-60

Austria, Blind, Blind children, Children with disabilities, Europe, Western Europe

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Language: German

Book Section

Fachdidaktische Neuerungen - eine Bedrohung der Montessori-Identität? [Didactic innovations: a threat to the Montessori identity?]

Book Title: Montessori-Pädagogik in Deutschland: Rückblick - Aktualität - Zukunftsperspektiven ; 40 Jahre Montessori-Vereinigung e.V. [Montessori Pedagogy in Germany: Review - Current Issues - Future Perspectives 40 years of the Montessori Association]

Pages: 332-334

Europe, Germany, Montessori materials, Western Europe

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Language: German

Published: Münster, Germany: Lit, 2002

ISBN: 978-3-8258-5746-2

Series: Impulse der Reformpädagogik , 7

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

La Méthodologie Montessori Appliquée dans L'Enseignement des Langues aux Adultes [Montessori Methodology Applied in Language Teaching for Adults]

Available from: Central and Eastern European Online Library

Publication: Limba Și Literatura: Repere Identitare În Context European [Language and Literature: Identity Landmarks in a European Context], no. 20

Pages: 250-256

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Abstract/Notes: De nos jours, on vit dans un monde globalisant où les gens ont la liberté de mouvement, dans leur recherche d'avoir part d'une vie meilleure. L'apprentissage des langues étrangères est encore plus une nécessité évidente dans notre société moderne et les adultes se confrontent avec des blocages psychologiques, tout comme ceux de limite du temps, qui les empêchent à acquérir de nouvelles aptitudes de communication.

Language: French

ISSN: 1843-1577, 2344-4894

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Ruhiy Rivojlanishi Sustlashgan Bolalar Nuqsonini Korreksiyalashda Montessori Tizimidan Foydalanish [Using the Montessori System in Correcting Defects of Mentally Developmental Children]

Available from: European Journal of Interdisciplinary Research and Development

Publication: European Journal of Interdisciplinary Research and Development, vol. 25

Pages: 60-64

Developmental disabilities, Developmentally disabled children, Developmentally disabled youth, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: Ruhiy rivojlanishi sustlashgan bolalarda odatiy shaxsiy xususiyatlarining sustligi, yoki ko'z oldida bo'lgan hamma narsani idrok etishda qiynalishlar kuzatiladi. Ularning barchasi psixikaning inertligi va o’ta harakatchanligi bilan ajralib turadi, yangi narsaga o'tish, stereotipik harakatlar qilish va eski yodlangan belgilarni takrorlash qiyin kechadi. Bunday bolalar bilan tashkil etiladigan korreksion va pedagogik ishning maqsadi iloji boricha ko'proq bilim berish emas, balki ularning e'tiborini jalb qilish, qiziqtirish, faoliyatga jalb qilish, tasavvurlarini uyg'otishdir, shunda u yanada mustaqil, o'ziga ishongan va haqiqiy hayot sharoitlariga moslashgan boʻladi. Ushbu maqsadni hal qilishda M. Montessori tizimida ishlash samara beradi [In children with mental retardation, there is a lack of normal personality traits, or difficulty in perceiving everything in front of the eyes. All of them are characterized by inertness and extreme mobility of the psyche, it is difficult to switch to something new, perform stereotypical actions and repeat old memorized characters. The goal of correctional and pedagogical work organized with such children is not to give as much knowledge as possible, but to attract their attention, interest, engage in activities, awaken their imagination, so that they become more independent, self-confident and real life. adapted to the conditions. Working in the M. Montessori system is effective in solving this goal]

Language: Uzbek

ISSN: 2720-5746

Article

Maria Montessori e il problema dell'educazione nel mondo moderno [Maria Montessori and the problem of education in the modern world]

Publication: Vita dell'Infanzia (Opera Nazionale Montessori), vol. 20, no. 1

Pages: 3

Educational change, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Marziola Pignatari - Writings

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Language: Italian

ISSN: 0042-7241

Article

Montessori-Zentrum für Ghana [Montessori Center for Ghana]

Publication: Montessori: Zeitschrift für Montessori-Pädagogik, vol. 34, no. 2

Pages: 73-74

Africa, Ghana, Sub-Saharan Africa, West Africa

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Language: German

ISSN: 0944-2537

Article

Montessori in non-Montessori settings

Available from: InformIT

Publication: Bedrock, vol. 9, no. 3

Pages: 8-10

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Abstract/Notes: This article looks at the common ground between Montessorian and more traditional approaches to early childhood education. The author refers to ideas put forward by Dr E M Hallowell which suggest that early childhood educators focus on concepts such as playfulness, practice, mastery and reconnection; these concepts hold the key to raising children with healthy self-esteem, moral awareness and spiritual values. The author points out the similarities these psychological goals have with those a Montessori educator and a traditional early childhood educator aim for. She describes the approach taken at the Benevolent Society centre, which caters for babies and children up to five years. General Montessori principles are used, such as less is more -decluttering the children's personal space and giving them options for exploration; and spoken language - the process of interacting with children on a daily basis as the most fundamental step in building trusting relationships. The four vital areas of focus that keep re-appearing in any program written at the centre are cognitive development, fine motor development, gross motor development and social interaction. [Author abstract, ed]

Language: English

ISSN: 1326-7566

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