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Master's Thesis

Montessori obrazovanje i praksa: pregled literature i znanstvenih istraživanja objavljenih u razdoblju od 2013 do 2018 [Montessori education and practice: a review of the literature and scientific research published in the period from 2013 to 2018]

Available from: CORE

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Abstract/Notes: The first part of the paper describes the life and work of Maria Montessori and the principles of Montessori pedagogy, while in the second part the paper reviews the Montessori pedagogy. In the systematic review of literature, the following keywords were used: Montessori pedagogy, Montessori approach, Montessori scientific paper, Montessori literature, review of Montessori literature and effects of Montessori pedagogy. The search databases that we used were WoS and Scopus, and the period between 2013 and 2018 was searched. Based on the research, out of a total of 186 papers, 81 papers were outlined. Featured works are categorized in 11 areas: women's position, architecture/design, language, mathematics, technology/IT, kindergarten, school, higher education, Maria Montessori, principles of Montessori pedagogy /philosophy /approach and dementia/Alzheimer's disease. Most of the papers are in the kindergarten and the school, followed immediately by the area of technology/IT and the area of dementia/Alzheimer's disease. Most of the papers are studying the philosophy of Montessori pedagogy rather than studying the life and work of Marie Montessori. The area that describe women's position and architecture /design counts the same number of published works, as well as the area of language and mathematics. The field of higher education has only two published papers, one of which is from the Faculty of Educational and Educational Sciences in Osijek.

Language: Croatian

Published: Osijek, Croatia, 2019

Article

Women’s Participation in Peace Processes: a Review of Literature

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Journal of Peace Education, vol. 16, no. 2

Pages: 133-154

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Abstract/Notes: Women play a prominent role in bringing about peace in post-conflict societies. Several studies have found the systematic and representative inclusion of women in conflict resolution processes to significantly increase the chances of sustainable peace. However, women’s contribution to peace processes are often underemphasized or ignored in conflict management research and praxis. It was not until the passage of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 and seven other related resolutions that critical attention was given to women’s role in the peace process. This article provides an in-depth review of the literature on women’s contribution to conflict resolution and peacebuilding. The overall aim is to provide researchers and actors in the global peace market with a distillation of the salient studies and findings from research on women’s involvement in the peace process. Such an effort is necessary to bring together the sparse literature on women’s contribution to peace and to reveal existing gaps in the literature for future research.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/17400201.2019.1576515

ISSN: 1740-0201

Master's Thesis

Proximity and Preparation: The Keys to Engagement in Secondary Montessori Literature Seminars

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: Dr. Maria Montessori’s philosophy defines education as an aid to life. Given the appropriate prepared environment, young people will construct themselves and become strong, resilient, holistic humans, willing to share their gifts to benefit the common good. The developmental needs at each phase, articulated by Montessori’s Four Planes of Development serves as an essential guide to the teaching and learning. This research looks at the effects of two developmentally appropriate interventions on engagement within peer-led literature seminars in a secondary Montessori classroom. The first intervention included a low stakes way to increase proximity or a way to create a sense of ease and security at the beginning of each class such as a quick question, activity, or sharing of a quote. The second intervention aimed at preparation to help students feel more confident in participating. During the week between each seminar, students were given short lessons on literature analysis and context for the novel. Triangulated quantitative and qualitative data reveal a positive effect of student engagement due to the presence of the two interventions within the seminars. Results of the research will inform how future literature groups are conducted and will potentially benefit other secondary Montessori programs.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2021

Master's Thesis

The Impact of Anti-Bias Literature Small Groups on Children's Understanding of Themselves, their Families, and Others

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research, Lower elementary, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this action research study was to explore how sharing anti-bias children’s books in literature small groups in a lower elementary Montessori class affects children’s perceptions of and ability to communicate about themselves, their families, and others, as well as the classmates with whom they choose to associate. The sample studied in this research was a class of 20 children aged six to nine at a private Montessori school located in a small town adjacent to a large Midwestern city. Data was collected through pre and post oral interviews, written reading reflection worksheets, and daily teacher observations of children’s work and play partners. The study found that anti-bias literature small groups are an effective way to improve children’s perceptions of themselves and their ability to communicate about human difference. More research is needed about how to improve children’s perceptions of their families and their ability to communicate about human similarity. Additionally, a longer intervention period and refined data collection tool are recommended in order to learn more about the impact of anti-bias literature small groups on children’s choice of work and play partners.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2019

Master's Thesis

Breaking Gender Barriers Through Literature in the Elementary and Pre-School Classroom

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: The following research assesses how reading and discussing stories that counter gender stereotypes can increase cooperation and decrease conflict between primary- and elementary-aged students of different genders, as well as to expand students’ conceptions of self and others beyond traditional gender expectations. The six-week study involved 50 participants total, 21 between the ages of 3 and 6 and 29 between the ages of 6 and 9 at two separate Montessori public charter schools in Minnesota. Each participant completed an activity pre- and post-intervention concerning the feminine and masculine traits that they would choose to describe themselves and those that could describe someone they’d want to be friends with. 10-minute observations were taken daily to record instances of cooperation and conflict between children of different genders. Pertinent quotes were recorded during observation periods and in discussions about the counter-stereotypical stories. Results showed an increase in the number of friendships between genders, and a greater number of traits chosen to describe selves and potential friends at the elementary school level. Further research in the area is needed to discover the long-term effects of counter-stereotypical literature, the importance of adults examining their own gender biases, and interventions beyond literature to counter patriarchal norms in classrooms.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2019

Article

Montessori Identity in Dialogue: A Selected Review of Literature on Teacher Identity

Available from: University of Kansas Libraries

Publication: Journal of Montessori Research, vol. 5, no. 2

Pages: 45-56

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori teacher education includes an intensive and ongoing teacher transformation. This experience aids in the development of a clearly defined teacher identity. Research on teacher identity broadly has shown that while such an identity can offer guidance and support, it can also limit teachers and prevent them from exploring other strategies that may support them and, in turn, their students (e.g., Beauchamp & Thomas, 2009; Britzman, 2003; Sumsion, 2002). This effect is problematic when teachers face moments of uncertainty and dilemmas in their teaching practice. As Montessori classrooms become increasingly diverse, teachers may need to adopt identities that are not explicitly defined in Montessori teacher transformation. This review of literature examines components of a Montessori teacher identity and, broadly, the effects of teacher identity as well as elements of antibias and antiracist teacher-identity development that includes inner reflection and an activist approach to teaching.

Language: English

DOI: 10.17161/jomr.v5i2.8183

ISSN: 2378-3923

Article

Culturally Sustaining Practices in Public Montessori Schools: A Landscape of the Literature

Available from: Nipissing University (Canada)

Publication: Journal of Unschooling and Alternative Learning, vol. 16, no. 31

Pages: 20 p.

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Abstract/Notes: This literature review provides a broad examination of the importance of culturally sustaining practices in public Montessori schools. For the purpose of this paper, culturally sustaining practices refers to any pedagogical practice or framework that prioritizes the racial and social identities of children of color, and/or the work that educators must do to strengthen these culturally sustaining practices. Culturally sustaining practices include but are not limited to Culturally Sustaining Pedagogy, which Paris (2012) adapted from Ladson-Billings' (1995) Culturally Responsive Pedagogy. Specifically examining the experiences that children of color experience in public Montessori education in the U.S., the author proposes that culturally sustaining practices combined with the Montessori method will lead to more humanizing and uplifting school experiences for Montessori families and educators. The research questions guiding the review are: (1) How does public Montessori education intersect with racial justice, social justice, and CSP, specifically as it serves children of color? (2) What is the internal work required of adults who want to employ CSP in their practice with children? The themes that arose from the literature were: the racial and economic challenges facing public Montessori in the U.S.; the varied experiences of Montessori students of color; the need for more social justice and culturally sustaining practices; and the aspects of culturally sustaining practices already existing in Montessori. The paper ends with recommendations for schools and Montessori teacher preparation.

Language: English

ISSN: 1916-8128

Article

Montessori Literature Through the Lens of Leadership

Available from: University of Kansas Libraries

Publication: Journal of Montessori Research, vol. 6, no. 2

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Abstract/Notes: This article reviews the Montessori literature through the lens of leadership, using Maria Montessori’s writings for a perspective on leadership aligned with her principles and practices. Dr. Montessori was a strong leader who argued that adults, as leaders, should take direction from children as the spiritual builders of human beings. Her concept of the prepared environment, including the prepared adult, supports this foundation for leadership and has applications beyond the classroom context. Leadership in the Montessori context has a biological base but incorporates elements of service and morality that guide social reform with a peaceful telos. While there are overlaps with existing models of leadership, this review suggests that a distinct perspective on leadership does begin to emerge from Dr. Montessori’s legacy.

Language: English

DOI: 10.17161/jomr.v6i2.13537

ISSN: 2378-3923

Book

A Review of Montessori Literature

Claude Albert Claremont - Writings, Literature reviews

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Language: English

Published: London: J. M. Dent and Sons, Ltd., 1919

Article

Montessori Education and Practice: A Review of the Literature, 2007-2009

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 22, no. 1

Pages: 44-48

Bibliographies

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Abstract/Notes: This literature review, a continuation of the first one published in "Montessori Life" (Bagby, 2007), identifies articles published in non-Montessori professional periodicals that included information about Maria Montessori and/or the Montessori method of education. While conducting the current search, the authors discovered 12 articles published prior to 2007 that were not annotated in the original review. Those articles are included in this review, along with the ones published within the last 3 years. Since 2006, there have been an additional 25 articles published that meet criteria stated above; this suggests an increase in Montessori-related research in the United States and the international community. As with the original review, nearly half of these articles were published in educational periodicals. The remaining articles appeared in publications representing various disciplines (i.e., medicine, religion, and gerontology).

Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

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Montessori in Indigenous Communities
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Montessori and African Americans
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Montessori in India
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