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Article

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Rewriting Wundtian Psychology: Luigi Credaro and the Psychology in Rome

Available from: APA PsycNet

Publication: History of Psychology, vol. 25, no. 4

Pages: 342-366

Europe, Italy, Luigi Credaro - Biographic sources, Luigi Credaro - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Sante de Sanctis - Biographic sources, Sante de Sanctis - Philosophy, Southern Europe, Wilhelm Wundt - Biographic sources, Wilhelm Wundt - Philosophy

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Abstract/Notes: After Rome became the capital of Italy in 1871, prestigious scientists arrived at the University of Rome. One of these scholars was the pedagogical philosopher Luigi Credaro (1860-1939). He was one of the rare Italian students of Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) when he went to Leipzig and attended the Institute for Experimental Psychology in the academic year 1887-1888. There he also followed the pedagogical seminars and considered the usefulness of establishing sections of practical pedagogy in Italian magisterium schools, which were teacher-training institutions. In 1904, he founded in Rome the Scuola Pedagogica (Pedagogical School). Through the school, Credaro proposed the concept of a scientific pedagogy based on the application of the results of experimental sciences in the educational field. We can suppose that this approach influenced the first generation of Italian scholars interested in experimental psychology in Rome, in particular Sante De Sanctis (1862-1935) and Maria Montessori (1870-1952). The article thus considers the hypothesis of the formation of a so-called Roman school of psychology, which created in the field of pedagogy a ground on which to develop its research and applications. It should be noted that Credaro devoted himself to the potential applications of experimental psychology in the context of the modernization of the liberal states of the 20th century. Specifically, scientific pedagogy constituted a field of application and development for Roman psychology. At the end, the foundation of psychology in Rome was influenced by a particular version of the Wundtian psychology promoted by his pupil Credaro.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1037/hop0000219

ISSN: 1939-0610, 1093-4510

Book

The Psychology and Teaching of Number

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Language: English

Published: Yonkers-on-Hudson, New York: World Book Co., 1922

Book Section

Developmental Psychology: Its Potential Role for Peace

Book Title: The Education of Man for a Peaceful World Community: Congress Report of the XIIIth International Montessori Congress, Amsterdam, Holland, April 1-4, 1964

Pages: 69-89

Conferences, International Montessori Congress (13th, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1-4 April 1964)

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Language: English

Published: Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Association Montessori Internationale, 1964

Book Section

The Biological Chart as the Basis for the Child's Psychological Study: A History of Psychology's Educational Methods ([San Francisco, Panama Pacific International Exposition] Lecture 10: 25 August 1915)

Book Title: The California Lectures of Maria Montessori, 1915: Collected Speeches and Writings by Maria Montessori

Pages: 138-147

Americas, International Montessori Training Course (3rd [course 2], San Francisco, USA, August – November 1915), Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Writings, Montessori method of education - Teacher training, North America, Panama-Pacific International Exposition (1915, San Francisco, California), Teacher training, United States of America

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Language: English

Published: Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Montessori-Pierson Publishing Company, 2018

ISBN: 978-1-85109-296-3

Series: The Montessori Series , 15

Book Section

Modern Psychology and the Montessori Approach: Is a Dialogue Possible?

Book Title: Proceedings from AMI Study Conference, August 1982, Nordwijkerhout, The Netherlands

Pages: 40-48

Conferences, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Psychology

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Language: English

Published: Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Association Montessori Internationale, 1983

Book

Some Contributions to Psychology

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Language: English

Published: New York, New York: Longmans, Green and Co., 1923

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Five Years Old or Thereabouts: Some Chapters on the Psychology and Training of Little Children

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Language: English

Published: New York, New York: Longmans, Green & Co., 1920

Book

Towards a New Education: A Record and Synthesis of the Discussions on the New Psychology and the Curriculum at the Fifth World Conference of the New Education Fellowship held at Elsinore, Denmark, in August 1929

Conferences, Denmark, Europe, International Conference of the New Education Fellowship (5th, Helsingør/Elsinore, Denmark, 8-21 August, 1929), International Montessori Congress (1st, Helsingør/Elsinore, Denmark, 8-21 August 1929), New Education Fellowship, Northern Europe, Scandinavia, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Language: English

Published: New York, New York: A. A. Knopf, 1930

Book

Child Psychology

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Language: English

Published: London, England: [s.n.], 1913

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Child Psychology: II. The Kindergarten Child: Its Conception of Life and its Mental Powers

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Language: English

Published: London, England: Gyldendal, 1920

Volume: 2 of 3

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