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226 results

Article

Children Can Learn to Be Anti-Biased!

Publication: Tomorrow's Child, vol. 1, no. 2

Pages: 12

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

The Effects of Discussion Groups on Teacher Confidence and Comfort-Level with Anti-Bias Education at a Private Urban Montessori School

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: This action research was conducted to examine the effects of peer discussion groups on the comfort and confidence of lower-elementary Montessori teachers in conducting literature based anti-bias lessons. The intervention was conducted in a private, urban, Montessori school, serving students from toddler to middle school. The participants of this study were five first-third grade teachers, including the participant researcher. Data was collected through pre- and postintervention surveys, teacher post-lesson self-assessments, transcription coding of discussion groups, and researcher self-reflection rating scale and journal prompts. Three discussion groups were scheduled two weeks apart, with teachers giving literature-based, anti-bias lessons between the first and second discussion groups and the second and third discussion groups. Data indicated that teachers became more comfortable and confident in their anti-bias teaching practice and that the discussion groups created a space for reflective dialogue. The action plan suggests that this intervention could have a farther reach if it were conducted for a longer period of time, across a wider age range, and in multiple schools.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2020

Article

A Research on the Parents' Use of the Anti-Biased Picture Book for the Improvement of Peers' Attitude to Young Children with Disabilities / 또래유아의 장애수용태도 증진을 위한 부모참여 반편견 그림동화 활용 연구

Available from: RISS

Publication: Montessori교육연구 [Montessori Education Research], vol. 18, no. 1

Pages: 73-91

Asia, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, East Asia, Montessori method of education, South Korea

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Abstract/Notes: In this study, after executing an anti-biased picture book reading program by parents, we searched for the program's influence on the peers' acceptance of the disabled young children. We set up the experiment group and the control group out of 35 kindergarten children of 7 years old in a kindergarten in Kyungki province. After reading them some anti-biased fairy tales, one of the parents, especially mothers, who were trained as the teacher for the day, proceeded the program as planned. The first result of the study was that children in the experiment group showed more positive attitude change for the acceptance of the children with special needs than those in the control group. Secondly, there was not much difference between boys and girls in the attitude change to disabled children. As picture books illustrate a specific story by using texts and pictures, the true meaning of anti-biased picture books lies in the fact that children can develop their moral judgment and ability to self-examination through listening to the unbiased story and looking at the anti-biased pictures. At the same time, reading anti-biased picture books with parents proved itself effective as a teaching method in helping children correct some negative stereotypes and prejudice against disabled children learned by parents at home. Therefore, the people in charge of the education in the kindergarten need to understand the necessity of parents' participation and education of the parents for the purpose of understanding disabled children. Any kindergarten superintendent will need to try hard to continue the education program for the achievement of this purpose. / 본 연구는 부모참여를 통한 반편견 그림동화 읽어주기 프로그램을 실시하여 이러한 활동이 유아의 장애유아에 대한 수용태도에 미치는 영향을 탐색하였다. 연구대상은 경기도 소재 M 유치원 만 5세 유아 35명으로 실험집단과 통제집단을 구성하였고, 이들을 대상으로 부모교육을 받은 어머니 일일교사가 반편견 그림동화를 읽어준 다음 절차에 따라 프로그램을 진행하였다. 연구결과 첫째, 실험집단 유아가 통제집단 유아보다 장애수용 태도가 긍정적으로 변화되었다. 둘째, 부모참여 반편견 그림동화 읽어주기 프로그램 효과 검증 결과 유아의 성별에 따른 장애 수용태도의 변화에는 큰 차이가 없었다. 결론적으로, 그림동화는 글과 그림을 통해 상황에 대한 구체적인 내용을 전달하는 것으로, 반편견 그림동화의 의의는 그것을 보고 듣는 과정에서 유아의 도덕적 판단력과 자아 성찰적 사고 능력이 증진되는 것에 있다. 그리고 부모가 가정에서 잘못 학습된 장애유아에 대한 고정관념과 편견을 바로잡아 줄 수 있고, 유아의 친사회적 행동 및 반편견적 태도 변화에 긍정적 효과를 줄수 있는 교수매체로서 부모참여 반편견 그림동화 활용이 효과적인 것으로 판단되었다. 따라서 유치원 현장에서 장애유아 이해를 위한 부모참여 및 부모교육 필요성에 대한 관련당사자의 이해 증진이 요구된다. 아울러 이의 실천을 위해 지속적인 교육프로그램 운영을 위한 유치원장의 노력이 뒤따라야 할 것이다.

Language: Korean

ISSN: 1226-9417

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

Anti-Bias Work on Self-Identity in a Primary Montessori Classroom

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: This research sought to determine the effect of implementing an anti-bias curriculum on the selfidentity of children in a private primary Montessori classroom. Twenty-two students aged three to six from a highly concentrated urban community in a northeastern coastal city participated in the study. Pre and post discussion questions, a running log of personal observations, visible child-produced artifacts, and an attribute checklists were the four tools used in this study. These tools determined the effect of the anti-bias work on each child’s ability to self-identify. The interactions and artifacts produced specific and traceable data on children’s thoughts and perceptions before and during the implementation of anti-bias work. Data analysis concluded that the study impacted the student’s ability to self-identify positively. To further investigate this work, I will continue to present anti-bias materials, engage in discussions, and provide diverse works for all children to explore in the inclusive environment.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2017

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

The Relationship Between Anti-Bias Curriculum and Cultural Competency Among Middle School Students

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: Implementation of an anti-bias education framework is relatively new in the history of cultural competence movements. While some research has been done, sighting positive effects for K-12 students, few studies exist within the Montessori pedagogy. Furthermore, little research has been done in the effects of implementing this type of curriculum within a Montessori adolescent environment. Consequently, there is a need to gather information on effective anti-bias education best practices and how to introduce these strategies in a classroom environment. The purpose of this action research study is to explore how implementing anti-bias activities including literature, journaling, and Socratic discussions affect students’ cultural proficiency in a Montessori Middle School.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2019

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

The Impact of Anti-Bias Literature Small Groups on Children's Understanding of Themselves, their Families, and Others

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research, Lower elementary, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this action research study was to explore how sharing anti-bias children’s books in literature small groups in a lower elementary Montessori class affects children’s perceptions of and ability to communicate about themselves, their families, and others, as well as the classmates with whom they choose to associate. The sample studied in this research was a class of 20 children aged six to nine at a private Montessori school located in a small town adjacent to a large Midwestern city. Data was collected through pre and post oral interviews, written reading reflection worksheets, and daily teacher observations of children’s work and play partners. The study found that anti-bias literature small groups are an effective way to improve children’s perceptions of themselves and their ability to communicate about human difference. More research is needed about how to improve children’s perceptions of their families and their ability to communicate about human similarity. Additionally, a longer intervention period and refined data collection tool are recommended in order to learn more about the impact of anti-bias literature small groups on children’s choice of work and play partners.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2019

Doctoral Dissertation

Exploring Forest Kindergarten Practices in Türki̇ye: Kindergarten Founders', Teachers', and Parents' Knowledge of Forest Pedagogy [Exploring Forest Kindergarten Practices in Turkey: Kindergarten Founders', Teachers', and Parents' Knowledge of Forest Pedagogy]

Available from: Middle East Technical University

Asia, Comparative education, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Forest school (learning style), Middle East, Open-air schools, Private schools, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: This study had several objectives. First, to investigate the practices of forest kindergartens in three different geographic regions of Türkiye. Second, to explore how the founders of forest kindergartens overcome challenges and take advantage of favorable circumstances as they set up and run the kindergartens. Third, to research the challenges and favorable circumstances that teachers face in such kindergartens and ways to deal with them. Fourth, to examine what kinds of cultural adaptations kindergarten founders and teachers need to make to use Forest Pedagogy in their own culture or location. Fifth, to elicit the kindergarten founders', teachers', and parents' knowledge of Forest Pedagogy. And sixth, to explore how parents' knowledge of Forest Pedagogy relates to their expectations of forest kindergartens. This study included members of the forest kindergartens (N = 21), which comprised the founders (N = 3), teachers (N = 9), and parents (N = 9). The study discovered that forest kindergartens were not typical, despite sharing similar practices with other kindergartens, such as the daily use of outdoor playgrounds. The diversity of the outdoor settings employed by forest kindergartens varied from region to region, depending on their geographical characteristics. However, they shared certain challenges with other kindergartens, such as a lack of unstructured and affordable natural settings surrounding the kindergartens. In all cases, the kindergarten founders and teachers had limited knowledge of sustainable attitudes for children and the significance of risky play. Yet, the parents possessed the knowledge to value free, muddy, and risky play throughout the year.

Language: English

Published: Ankara, Turkey, 2022

Master's Thesis

A Study Comparing the Effect of Multiage Education Practices versus Traditional Education Practices on Academic Achievement

Available from: ERIC

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Abstract/Notes: This study compared the effects of multi-age classroom strategies to those of traditional classroom strategies on the academic achievement of fourth grade students in reading and math. Standardized test scores from 20 fourth-grade students in two multi-age third- and fourth-grade classrooms were compared to the scores of 20 students from 7 traditional fourth-grade classrooms. The Stanford Achievement Test (SAT), ninth edition was used as the test instrument. Scores from the students' third grade test in the 1996-97 school year were compared to their scores from the fourth grade test in reading and math by applying T-tests to the data. Analysis of the data revealed no difference in reading or math achievement between students taught in a multi-age classroom and those from a traditional classroom.

Language: English

Published: Salem, West Virginia, 1998

Book Section

L'utopia antiautoritaria di Maria Montessori [The anti-authoritarian utopia of Maria Montessori]

Book Title: L'Utopia Montessoriana: Pace, Diritti, Libertà, Ambiente [Montessorian Utopia: Peace, Rights, Freedom, Environment]

Pages: 191-200

Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Peace education

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Language: Italian

Published: Trento, Italy: Erickson, 2019

ISBN: 978-88-590-2042-4 88-590-2042-5

Article

Integrative Didaktik und anthropologische Antizipationen an einer Montessori-Grundschule [Integrative didactics and anthropological anticipations at a Montessori elementary school]

Publication: Montessori: Zeitschrift für Montessori-Pädagogik, vol. 34, no. 3-4

Pages: 160-168

Elementary education, Montessori materials, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Observation (Educational method)

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Language: German

ISSN: 0944-2537

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